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Open Source Hardware -- state-of-play

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I take stock of the state of play of Open Source Hardware (OSH) from a variety of perspectives: What does the current OSH landscape look like? What are the basic legal aspects of OSH (protection vs. …

I take stock of the state of play of Open Source Hardware (OSH) from a variety of perspectives: What does the current OSH landscape look like? What are the basic legal aspects of OSH (protection vs. “licensing”)? What are the dimensions of OSH practices?
Then I shall highlight the important challenges and opportunities that OSH is confronted with currently and the developments that are needed to turn OSH into a long-term success.
Presentation given at thingscon, Berlin, 3 May 2014 (http://thingscon.com); @thingscon


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  • 1. Peter  Troxler   trox@fabfolk.com   @trox   State  of  Play  in  OSH  
  • 2. Open  Source  Appears  in  HW   •  TAPR  radio  amateur  community  (1993)   •  Open  Collector  (2000)   •  Open  Hardware  project  (2002)   •  Open  Source  Hardware  and  Design  Alliance  (2009)   •  Open  Source  Hardware  User  Group  (2010)   •  Open  Hardware  definiMon  at  Freedom  Defined   (2010)   •  Open  Source  Hardware  Logo  (2011)   •  Open  Hardware  AssociaMon  (2012)   •  Open  Design  working  group  of  the  Open  Knowledge   FoundaMon  (2012)   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  2  
  • 3. Open  Source  Appears  in  HW   19th  century   Knowledge  sharing  among  innovators  in  the  past  was   not  extremely  rare  nor  was  it  a  marginal  ac6vity.  (…)     Key  technologies  at  the  heart  of  industrializa6on,  such   as  high-­‐pressure  steam  engines,  iron  and  steel   produc6on  techniques,  steamboats,  tex6le  machinery,   airplanes,  etc.,  were,  at  6mes  and  places,  developed   through  processes  of  collec6ve  inven6on.   In  some  cases...aggressive  paten6ng  put  an  end  to  a   period  of  extensive  knowledge  sharing.     Bessen,  James  E.  and  Nuvolari,  Alessandro  (2012).  Knowledge  Sharing  Among  Inventors:  Some  Historical  PerspecMves.  In:   Dietmar  Harhoff  and  Karim  Lakhani  eds.,  RevoluMonizing  InnovaMon:  Users,  CommuniMes  and  Open  InnovaMon.  Working   paper,  available  at  h`p://www.bu.edu/law/faculty/scholarship/workingpapers/documents/BessenJ-­‐ NuvolariA101411fin.pdf   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  3  
  • 4. …   OS   HWA   ♘   Legal   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  4   66  75  63  6b   20  63  6f  70     79  72  69  67     68  74  20  21   ©  §   §   ¶   cc   cc   +   waiver   GPL   66  75  63  6b   20  63  6f  70     79  72  69  67     68  74  20  21   CERN   OHL  
  • 5. …   OS   HWA   Legal   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  5   ©  §   §   ¶   cc   cc   +   waiver   GPL   CERN   OHL   ACTA   TRIPS   FTAs   …   ☯  
  • 6. Prac<cal   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  6   open   access   open   contribuMon   closed   N=1   N>250   ∆t  =  10y  
  • 7. PracMcal   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  7   @Dreamups   @knowableorg  
  • 8. Prac<cal   Heartbleed  –  a  failure  of  Open  Source?   OpenSSL,  a  project  that  runs  on  66%  of  all  web   servers,  has  just  one  full-­‐6me  employee.  One.   Mashable  (ChrisMna  Warren,  15-­‐4-­‐2014)   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  8  
  • 9. Business   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  9   66  75  63  6b   20  63  6f  70     79  72  69  67     68  74  20  21  
  • 10. Business   3DRoboMcs  DIYDrones     The  Open  Source  DIYDrones  project  Mission   Planner  applica6on  includes  a  closed  source   binary  for  pushing  the  OTP  onto  the  hardware.   Only  privileged  vendors  are  given  the  ability  to   obtain  a  *vaild*  OTP  cer6ficate.     OTP  =  one  Mme  programmable  register   reason  given:    cerMficate-­‐of-­‐authenMcity,  required  for  FAA  (federal   aviaMon  authority)  cerMficaMon   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  10  
  • 11. Business   For  example:  Mathilde  Berchon  (makingsociety.org):   From  Idea  to  Product:  10  Steps  For  CreaMng  a  Hardware  Company   1.  The  Idea   2.  The  Proof  of  Concept   3.  FuncMonal  Prototype   4.  Design  for  Manufacturing  &  Assembly     5.  Funding   6.  CerMficaMon   7.  Manufacturing   8.  Assembling   9.  TesMng   10.  Shipping   h`p://makingsociety.com/2013/05/10-­‐steps-­‐for-­‐creaMng-­‐a-­‐hardware-­‐company/   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  11  
  • 12. Business   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  12   empathy   define   ideate   prototype   test   learn  about  the  audience  you  are  designing  for   redefine  your  quesMon,     focus  on  the  insights  from  the  empathy  stage   brainstorming  etc.  ⟶  creaMve  soluMons   a  representaMon     to  show  to  others   with  original   user  group    
  • 13. Business   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  13   people     technology   business    
  • 14. Against  All  Odds   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  14   societal  values   •  literacy   •  peace   •  equality   •  …   convenMonal  goods  and  services   ⚕  ⚖  ⚚  
  • 15. Against  All  Odds   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  15   societal  and  private  values   •  literacy   •  peace   •  equality   •  …   convenMonal  goods  and  services   ⚕  ⚖  ⚚  
  • 16. Against  All  Odds   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  16   societal  and  private  values   •  literacy   •  peace   •  equality   •  …   convenMonal  goods  and  services   ⚕  ⚖  ⚚   ♘   66  75  63  6b   20  63  6f  70     79  72  69  67     68  74  20  21   ©   §   ¶   cc   +   waiver   GPL  
  • 17. Against  All  Odds   State  of  Play  in  OSH  –  thingscon  2014   Berlin,  3  May  2014  –  17   societal  and  private  values   •  literacy   •  peace   •  equality   •  …   convenMonal  goods  and  services   ⚕  ⚖  ⚚   ♘   66  75  63  6b   20  63  6f  70     79  72  69  67     68  74  20  21   © § ¶ cc   +   waiver   GPL  
  • 18. Peter  Troxler   trox@fabfolk.com   @trox