Creative Commons – presentation Troxler

Uploaded on


  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide
  • Is Creative Commons an alternative to copyright?Image source:Creative Commons Swag Contest 2007_2 by TillarX (Tyler Stefanich), CC-BY 2.0,
  • No, it is not. Creative Commons is *based* on copyright legislation. That means, Creative Commons licenses are only good to use for works that fall under copyright protection, typically “works of art”, see
  • Copyright legislation is national legislation. There are certain international conventions (such as the Berne convention, that stipulate common principles.However, national legislation differs in details:what can be protectedterms of protectionand various other issues. For details see e.g. the public domain calculators page here
  • Creative Commons stands in the tradition of copyleft – i.e. not primarily protecting the monopoly of the rights owner, but primarily protecting (cultural) works
  • Creative Commons are part of the copyleft universe.Image source:Cover of “A Guide To Open Content Licences”,, by Femke Snelting, CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Creative Commons provide licenses that allow people to use otherwise copyrighted works under certain conditions.For a history of Creative Commons, see Source:dsc05797.jpg by Michael Linksvayer (mlinksva), CC-BY 2.0
  • Creative Commons is an international endeavour, see here for where it has been ported to: source:Airborne by Berne Guerrero,
  • Porting means translating the licensesin terms of languagein terms of legal systemimage source:CC Hong Kong Launch by Ryanne Lai, Hong Kong (
  • Creative Commons licenses consist of three partsthe Commons Deed, a description in laymen terms (called “user readabla”)the Legal Code, the legally binding text of the license (called “lawyer readable”)the Digital Code, a semantic web system that allows for adding meta-data and RDFa identifiers to works so the license terms are “machine readable”source:
  • This is an example of a Commons Deed in Dutch, conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation
  • The same in English (still conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation)
  • This is the legal code … in Dutch
  • Examples of the digital code
  • For the definition of the symbols, check this page:, combined “commercial” and CC licensing is possible with CC (see there is a “Public Domain Dedication” tool (see
  • Use of CC licenses – excerpt from this movie: Media That Matter, Commonscreative-MediaThatMattersACCCaseStudy347.m4v,CC-BY, from, licensed under
  • This is an example, how open content (public domain or CC licensed) can be sold profitably. The story is here: (download the paper and go to page 10 to read it).source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs, Clip #: 83547542,


  • 1. An Alternative to Copyright? Dr Peter Troxler
  • 2. NO! • Creative Commons is NO alternative to copyright • But it is probably the best way to deal with copyright in the 21st century
  • 3. ©
  • 4. © flipped
  • 5. Copyleft • Protection of the (open access to the) work replaces the protection of the distributors’ profits • Image source: g/open_content_guide
  • 6. Creative Commons
  • 7. International Framework / Standard Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
  • 8. Adapted to National Legislation
  • 9. Human Readable
  • 10. Human Readable
  • 11. Human Readable
  • 12. Lawyer Readable
  • 13. Machine Readable <?xpacket begin='' id=''?> <x:xmpmeta xmlns:x='adobe:ns:meta/'> <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=''> <rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:xapRights=''> <xapRights:Marked>True</xapRights:Marked></rdf:Description> <rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:dc=''> <dc:rights> <rdf:Alt> <rdf:li xml:lang='x-default' >This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Netherlands License.</rdf:li> </rdf:Alt> </dc:rights> </rdf:Description> <rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:cc=''> <cc:license rdf:resource=''/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF> </x:xmpmeta> <?xpacket end='r'?> 10-11-2008 <div class=”license”> <a rel="license" href=""> <img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0” src="" /> </a> </div> Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen 14
  • 14. Modular System CC 0
  • 15. Is It Used? Is It Useful?
  • 16. The Prelinger Archives Caption: Clip #: Licence type: Filmmaker: Collection: Clip length: Originally shot on: Final delivery options: Release information: Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs 83547542 Rights-ready Prelinger Archive Films 00:00:08:11 35mm 486 29.97i More information SD digital download NTSC SD digital download PAL Other digital and analogue formats available. Please contact us for assistance. Not released. More information
  • 17. Sources • See notes of slides. • Contact: