Creative Commons – presentation Troxler

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  • Is Creative Commons an alternative to copyright?Image source:Creative Commons Swag Contest 2007_2 by TillarX (Tyler Stefanich), CC-BY 2.0, http://www.flickr.com/photos/tylerstefanich/2117607887/
  • No, it is not. Creative Commons is *based* on copyright legislation. That means, Creative Commons licenses are only good to use for works that fall under copyright protection, typically “works of art”, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright
  • Copyright legislation is national legislation. There are certain international conventions (such as the Berne convention, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berne_Convention_for_the_Protection_of_Literary_and_Artistic_Works) that stipulate common principles.However, national legislation differs in details:what can be protectedterms of protectionand various other issues. For details see e.g. the public domain calculators page here http://wiki.okfn.org/PublicDomainCalculators
  • Creative Commons stands in the tradition of copyleft – i.e. not primarily protecting the monopoly of the rights owner, but primarily protecting (cultural) works
  • Creative Commons are part of the copyleft universe.Image source:Cover of “A Guide To Open Content Licences”, http://www.pzwart.wdka.hro.nl/mdr/research/lliang/open_content_guide, by Femke Snelting, CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Creative Commons provide licenses that allow people to use otherwise copyrighted works under certain conditions.For a history of Creative Commons, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_commonsImage Source:dsc05797.jpg by Michael Linksvayer (mlinksva), CC-BY 2.0http://www.flickr.com/photos/mlinksva/3105627476/
  • Creative Commons is an international endeavour, see here for where it has been ported to: http://creativecommons.org/international/image source:Airborne by Berne Guerrero, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ph/
  • Porting means translating the licensesin terms of languagein terms of legal systemimage source:CC Hong Kong Launch by Ryanne Lai, Hong Kong (flickr.com/photos/laihiu/2972008480)
  • Creative Commons licenses consist of three partsthe Commons Deed, a description in laymen terms (called “user readabla”)the Legal Code, the legally binding text of the license (called “lawyer readable”)the Digital Code, a semantic web system that allows for adding meta-data and RDFa identifiers to works so the license terms are “machine readable”source:http://creativecommons.org/international/
  • This is an example of a Commons Deed in Dutch, conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation
  • The same in English (still conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation)
  • This is the legal code … in Dutch
  • Examples of the digital code
  • For the definition of the symbols, check this page: http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/Additionally, combined “commercial” and CC licensing is possible with CC (see http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Ccplus)And there is a “Public Domain Dedication” tool (see http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC0)
  • Use of CC licenses – excerpt from this movie: Media That Matter, Commonscreative-MediaThatMattersACCCaseStudy347.m4v,CC-BY, from http://creativecommons.org/videos/media-that-matters, licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/
  • This is an example, how open content (public domain or CC licensed) can be sold profitably. The story is here: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1597357 (download the paper and go to page 10 to read it).source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at http://archive.org/details/Chevrole1937
  • see slide 17source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at http://archive.org/details/Chevrole1937
  • see slide 17source:Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs, Clip #: 83547542, http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/83547542/Archive-Films

Transcript

  • 1. An Alternative to Copyright? Dr Peter Troxler
  • 2. NO! • Creative Commons is NO alternative to copyright • But it is probably the best way to deal with copyright in the 21st century
  • 3. ©
  • 4. © flipped
  • 5. Copyleft • Protection of the (open access to the) work replaces the protection of the distributors’ profits • Image source: http://pzwart.wdka.hro.nl/mdr/research/llian g/open_content_guide
  • 6. Creative Commons
  • 7. International Framework / Standard Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
  • 8. Adapted to National Legislation
  • 9. Human Readable
  • 10. Human Readable
  • 11. Human Readable
  • 12. Lawyer Readable
  • 13. Machine Readable <?xpacket begin='' id=''?> <x:xmpmeta xmlns:x='adobe:ns:meta/'> <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf='http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#'> <rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:xapRights='http://ns.adobe.com/xap/1.0/rights/'> <xapRights:Marked>True</xapRights:Marked></rdf:Description> <rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:dc='http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/'> <dc:rights> <rdf:Alt> <rdf:li xml:lang='x-default' >This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Netherlands License.</rdf:li> </rdf:Alt> </dc:rights> </rdf:Description> <rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:cc='http://creativecommons.org/ns#'> <cc:license rdf:resource='http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/'/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF> </x:xmpmeta> <?xpacket end='r'?> 10-11-2008 <div class=”license”> <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/"> <img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0” src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/3.0/nl/88x31.png" /> </a> </div> Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen 14
  • 14. Modular System CC 0
  • 15. Is It Used? Is It Useful?
  • 16. The Prelinger Archives Caption: Clip #: Licence type: Filmmaker: Collection: Clip length: Originally shot on: Final delivery options: Release information: Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs 83547542 Rights-ready Prelinger Archive Films 00:00:08:11 35mm 486 29.97i More information SD digital download NTSC SD digital download PAL Other digital and analogue formats available. Please contact us for assistance. Not released. More information
  • 17. Sources • See notes of slides. • Contact: trox@fabfolk.com