CC Presentation Peter Troxler


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Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material

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  • Is Creative Commons an alternative to copyright?Image source:Creative Commons Swag Contest 2007_2 by TillarX (Tyler Stefanich), CC-BY 2.0,
  • No, it is not. Creative Commons is *based* on copyright legislation. That means, Creative Commons licenses are only good to use for works that fall under copyright protection, typically “works of art”, see
  • Copyright legislation is national legislation. There are certain international conventions (such as the Berne convention, that stipulate common principles.However, national legislation differs in details:what can be protectedterms of protectionand various other issues. For details see e.g. the public domain calculators page here
  • Creative Commons stands in the tradition of copyleft – i.e. not primarily protecting the monopoly of the rights owner, but primarily protecting (cultural) works
  • Creative Commons are part of the copyleft universe.Image source:Cover of “A Guide To Open Content Licences”,, by Femke Snelting, CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Creative Commons provide licenses that allow people to use otherwise copyrighted works under certain conditions.For a history of Creative Commons, see Source:dsc05797.jpg by Michael Linksvayer (mlinksva), CC-BY 2.0
  • Creative Commons is an international endeavour, see here for where it has been ported to: source:Airborne by Berne Guerrero,
  • Porting means translating the licensesin terms of languagein terms of legal systemimage source:CC Hong Kong Launch by Ryanne Lai, Hong Kong (
  • Creative Commons licenses consist of three partsthe Commons Deed, a description in laymen terms (called “user readabla”)the Legal Code, the legally binding text of the license (called “lawyer readable”)the Digital Code, a semantic web system that allows for adding meta-data and RDFa identifiers to works so the license terms are “machine readable”source:
  • This is an example of a Commons Deed in Dutch, conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation
  • The same in English (still conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation)
  • This is the legal code … in Dutch
  • Examples of the digital code
  • For the definition of the symbols, check this page:, combined “commercial” and CC licensing is possible with CC (see there is a “Public Domain Dedication” tool (see
  • Use of CC licenses – excerpt from this movie: Media That Matter, Commonscreative-MediaThatMattersACCCaseStudy347.m4v,CC-BY, from, licensed under
  • This is an example, how open content (public domain or CC licensed) can be sold profitably. The story is here: (download the paper and go to page 10 to read it).source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs, Clip #: 83547542,
  • CC Presentation Peter Troxler

    1. 1. An Alternative to Copyright?<br />Dr Peter Troxler<br />
    2. 2. NO!<br />Creative Commons is NO alternative to copyright<br />But it is probably the best way to deal with copyright in the 21st century<br /><br />
    3. 3. ©<br />©<br />
    4. 4. © flipped<br />©<br />
    5. 5. Copyleft<br />Protection of the (open access to the) work replaces the protection of the distributors’ profits<br />Image source:<br />
    6. 6. Creative Commons<br />
    7. 7. Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen<br />International Framework / Standard<br />
    8. 8. Adapted to National Legislation<br />
    9. 9.
    10. 10. Human Readable<br />
    11. 11. Human Readable<br />
    12. 12. Human Readable<br />
    13. 13. Lawyer Readable<br />
    14. 14. 10-11-2008<br />Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen<br />14<br />Machine Readable<br /><?xpacket begin='' id=''?><br /> <x:xmpmeta xmlns:x='adobe:ns:meta/'><br /> <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=''><br /> <rdf:Description rdf:about=''<br /> xmlns:xapRights=''><br /> <xapRights:Marked>True</xapRights:Marked> </rdf:Description><br /> <rdf:Description rdf:about=''<br /> xmlns:dc=''><br /> <dc:rights><br /> <rdf:Alt><br /> <rdf:li xml:lang='x-default' >This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Netherlands License.</rdf:li><br /> </rdf:Alt><br /> </dc:rights><br /> </rdf:Description><br /> <rdf:Description rdf:about=''<br /> xmlns:cc=''><br /> <cc:license rdf:resource=''/><br /> </rdf:Description><br /> </rdf:RDF><br /> </x:xmpmeta><br /><?xpacket end='r'?><br /><div class=”license”> <br /> <a rel="license" href=""><br /> <img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0” <br /> src="" /><br /> </a> <br /></div><br />
    15. 15. Modular System<br />CC 0<br />
    16. 16. Is It Used? Is It Useful?<br />
    17. 17.
    18. 18.
    19. 19. The Prelinger Archives<br />Caption: Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs<br />Clip #: 83547542<br />Licence type: Rights-ready<br />Filmmaker: Prelinger<br />Collection: Archive Films<br />Clip length: 00:00:08:11<br />Originally shot on: 35mm 486 29.97i More information<br />Final delivery options: SD digital download NTSCSD digital download PALOther digital and analogue formats available. Please contact us for assistance.<br />Release information: Not released. More information<br />
    20. 20. Sources<br />See notes of slides.<br />Contact:<br />