How to make Awesome Diagrams for your slides

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Some guidelines for making your presentation diagrams more understandable, efficient and visually pleasant.

Some guidelines for making your presentation diagrams more understandable, efficient and visually pleasant.

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  • 1. How To Make AwesomeDiagrams u r F o r yo slides
  • 2. MeEnrique García CotaI do software at Splendeo@otikik
  • 3. © http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrimperial/121370739/ Disclaimer● Im not a designer.● Ive just done lots of diagrams in presentations.● These guidelines work for me.● “Right” and “Wrong” are used in that context. Dont take them personally.
  • 4. 1. Lines © http://www.flickr.com/photos/twinysam/4988273864/
  • 5. Never use 0pt line width Wrong Right Visible from the far end of the room
  • 6. Have consistent line width Wrong 0.06 0.32 0.10 Right 0.06 0.06 0.32 Maybe two very different widths; not more
  • 7. Use only one line ending Wrong Right People at the far end wont see the difference
  • 8. Use one dashed style Wrong Right Guess
  • 9. Arrows instead of lines vs. When? See example on next slide
  • 10. Use connectors, not straight lines With lines With connectors
  • 11. Shapes instead of lines (sometimes) Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 vs. Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 They look better on simple workflows
  • 12. Colors instead of outlines (sometimes) vs. Useful to reduce the number of colors
  • 13. 2. Shapes © http://www.flickr.com/photos/alessandropinna/1423128740/
  • 14. Use a grid Wrong Right
  • 15. Align when possible Wrong Right
  • 16. Size means Importance Wrong Right Not Very Not VeryImportant Important Important Important
  • 17. Size means Hierarchy Wrong Right Face FaceEyes Nose Mouth Eyes Nose Mouth
  • 18. Size means Relative Size Wrong RightElephant Duck Elephant Duck
  • 19. Size doesnt mean “long name” Wrong A Long Name Right A B* A A ...* Long Name Long Name Long Name
  • 20. Different Shape = Different Type OK Better ? ?Yes No Yes No
  • 21. Maximum number types: 4
  • 22. If you need more, use images OK BetterA B C Warning! Finding appropriate images takes time
  • 23. Transparencies, Shadows & Gradients Dont They take a lot of time to get right, and most projectors wont show them anyway
  • 24. © http://www.flickr.com/photos/24241587@N05/5184820807/ 3. Nesting
  • 25. One nesting level per slide Wrong Unique slide
  • 26. One nesting level per slide Right Slide 1
  • 27. One nesting level per slide Right Slide 2
  • 28. One nesting level per slide Right Slide 3
  • 29. One nesting level per slide Right Slide 4? Is this level really needed?
  • 30. But, wont adding slides increase the presentation complexity?Yes, it will.But less than nested shapes.
  • 31. Complexity → → ting Nes Sli d es → 1 slide / 1 nesting level
  • 32. If you need everything in one place You are not making a presentation Consider other formats
  • 33. © http://www.flickr.com/photos/yetti/8743214/ 4. Color
  • 34. Color count Fill + Text + Lines - Background Fill = Green + Red = 2 Hi Text = White = 1 Lines = Black = 1 Background = White = -1Bye! 2+1+1–1=3
  • 35. Color count should be ≤ 3
  • 36. The magic of combinatoryIm only using threestill but here colors combi-can make many nations
  • 37. When in doubt, use Primary colors Red Yellow Green Blue #c5000b #ffd320 #008000 #0084d1 In LibreOffice: Chart 11, Chart 3, Green, Chart12 These are awesome for diagrams
  • 38. Color is great for Stress or Status Wrong Right OK OK Alert OK OK Alert Alert Alert OK OK Alert Alert OK OK OK Alert OK OK Alert Alert OK
  • 39. Color is not great for lines Wrong Right More easily seen from far away
  • 40. Use bright background colors Wrong Right Some projectors dont handle dark slides well
  • 41. Dont use pale colors in foreground Wrong Right Gray 10% Gray >20% To projectors, any pale color = white
  • 42. Printing: Black and WhiteOK OK Alert OK OK AlertAlert OK OK Alert OK OKOK Alert OK OK Alert OK Black and White = information loss
  • 43. Printing: Graceful DegradationOK OK Alert Alert OK OK Alert AlertAlertAlert OK OK Alert Alert OK OKOK Alert Alert OK OK Alert Alert OK Use contrast and borders to compensate
  • 44. 5. ext © http://www.flickr.com/photos/rahulchhiber/5177233766/
  • 45. First and foremost: Are you anoptometrist?
  • 46. us feel like this. Then dont make©http://www.flickr.com/photos/sveinhal/2182773789/
  • 47. Smallest font size:20px Otherwise its impossibly difficult to read from far away
  • 48. Only one font Wronga a a a Righta a a a
  • 49. Exception: Typographic diagrams Nice Yuck
  • 50. Bigger shape ⇒ Bigger or equal text Wrong Right Letters LettersA A Otherwise text size contradicts shape size
  • 51. Italics: Dont bother Wrong Right a a No one will notice the difference
  • 52. Bold: Dont mix itWrong Right a aa a a a Again, the difference is hard to notice
  • 53. a hard to re d, n te of esp is ec iall Oblique text when y Use horizontal text up font. sid l al d e ow sm n and with a© http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt/1156232979/
  • 54. That was it!© Enrique García Cota
  • 55. GoNow And Make Some Awesome Diagrams!
  • 56. Now Go Make Some Awesome Diagrams!
  • 57. © Enrique García Cota Thank you!