CHOOSING THE RIGHT
OPTIONS FOR PROBLEM
PROPERTIES
ALAN MALLACH
CENTER FOR COMMUNITY PROGRESS
NJ FUTURE
2014 REDEVELOPMENT ...
VACANT PROPERTIES ARE
A GROWING PROBLEM
0.00%
2.00%
4.00%
6.00%
8.00%
10.00%
12.00%
14.00%
16.00%
Newark East Orange Trent...
NEWARK AREA 2011
TRENTON 2011
VACANT PROPERTY
IMAGES
Paterson
Trenton
VACANT PROPERTY
IMAGES
Newark
Camden
HOW DO YOU ADDRESS YOUR COMMUNITY’S
PROBLEM PROPERTY ISSUES?
Understand the issue: problem
properties are not just about t...
NINE ELEMENTS OF A VACANT
PROPERTY STRATEGY
1. Information
2. Regulation
3. Strategic
acquisition
4. Land banking
5. Partn...
INFORMATION
• Know the market
• Know the property
inventory
• Know the players
REGULATION
• Enact vacant property registration ordinances
• Use code enforcement strategically
• Use nuisance abatement w...
STRATEGIC
ACQUISITION
• Create a municipal abandoned property
list
• Use tax foreclosure as a strategic tool
• Use spot bl...
LAND BANKING
• Build the capacity in local government to
acquire, hold and systematically dispose of
properties
• Maintain...
PARTNERING WITH
DEVELOPERS
• Make reuse and redevelopment user-friendly
• Build city capacity to assemble parcels for
reus...
ENCOURAGE HOME
BUYERS
• Create home buying & rehab support system
• Speed permitting and approvals
• Provide incentives wh...
STRATEGIC
DEMOLITION
• Make demolition part of a larger vacant property
strategy
• Target demolition resources to create r...
ENCOURAGE GREEN
REUSE
• Many vacant lots, particularly in weak market
areas, are not suitable for redevelopment
• Create m...
BUILD COMMUNITY
PARTNERSHIPS
• Cities can’t do it by themselves – not
enough capacity or money
• Neighborhood associations...
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Nj future redevelopment forum 2014 problem properties mallach

  1. 1. CHOOSING THE RIGHT OPTIONS FOR PROBLEM PROPERTIES ALAN MALLACH CENTER FOR COMMUNITY PROGRESS NJ FUTURE 2014 REDEVELOPMENT FORUM
  2. 2. VACANT PROPERTIES ARE A GROWING PROBLEM 0.00% 2.00% 4.00% 6.00% 8.00% 10.00% 12.00% 14.00% 16.00% Newark East Orange Trenton Paterson Jersey City 2000 2010
  3. 3. NEWARK AREA 2011
  4. 4. TRENTON 2011
  5. 5. VACANT PROPERTY IMAGES Paterson Trenton
  6. 6. VACANT PROPERTY IMAGES Newark Camden
  7. 7. HOW DO YOU ADDRESS YOUR COMMUNITY’S PROBLEM PROPERTY ISSUES? Understand the issue: problem properties are not just about the property – they are part of the larger economic and social dynamics affecting the neighborhood and the city Think strategically: There is no single ‘magic bullet’, and no quick fix, to the issue of problem properties.
  8. 8. NINE ELEMENTS OF A VACANT PROPERTY STRATEGY 1. Information 2. Regulation 3. Strategic acquisition 4. Land banking 5. Partnering with developers 6. Encouraging home buyers 7. Strategic demolition 8. Encouraging green reuse of vacant land 9. Building community partnerships
  9. 9. INFORMATION • Know the market • Know the property inventory • Know the players
  10. 10. REGULATION • Enact vacant property registration ordinances • Use code enforcement strategically • Use nuisance abatement when owners are unwilling to maintain their properties • Use the Creditor Responsibility Law to deal with properties in foreclosure process
  11. 11. STRATEGIC ACQUISITION • Create a municipal abandoned property list • Use tax foreclosure as a strategic tool • Use spot blight eminent domain • Have an acquisition strategy – make limited resources count
  12. 12. LAND BANKING • Build the capacity in local government to acquire, hold and systematically dispose of properties • Maintain publicly-owned properties so they do not become a nuisance to neighbors. • Don’t be afraid to hold properties in inventory in order to make possible better reuse in the future
  13. 13. PARTNERING WITH DEVELOPERS • Make reuse and redevelopment user-friendly • Build city capacity to assemble parcels for reuse • Make all city approvals timely and efficient • Provide incentives where necessary • Link redevelopment to other community improvements
  14. 14. ENCOURAGE HOME BUYERS • Create home buying & rehab support system • Speed permitting and approvals • Provide incentives where necessary • Focus on target neighborhoods for selective vacant property rehab initiatives
  15. 15. STRATEGIC DEMOLITION • Make demolition part of a larger vacant property strategy • Target demolition resources to create reuse opportunities and stabilize at-risk neighborhoods
  16. 16. ENCOURAGE GREEN REUSE • Many vacant lots, particularly in weak market areas, are not suitable for redevelopment • Create menu of green reuse alternatives • Partner with homeowners, neighborhood groups and CDCs to get properties used for side lots, community gardens and other green options.
  17. 17. BUILD COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS • Cities can’t do it by themselves – not enough capacity or money • Neighborhood associations and CDCs are natural allies for city government – they care about their communities • Make everybody a partner in the process of tackling the community’s problem properties.

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