PATHOLOGYIntegumentary Conditions  massage           Nicole Klassen  Caution   Severe
Macule  -change in surface color without  elevation or depression  -not palpable  -less than 1 cm wide
Patch    -a large macule    -greater that 1cm wide    -subtle surface changes such as    fine scales or wrinkling    -lesi...
Papule                                  -circumscribed, solid elevation                                  of skin          ...
Plaque                        -a elevated area of skin                        -greater than 1cm wide                      ...
Nodule                                         -solid collection of tissue                                         -greate...
Tumor                                 -nodule with a diameter exceeding                                 5cm               ...
Vesicle -a circumscribed, fluid-containing elevation (blister) -less than 1cm wide             LOCAL
Bulla -large vesicle -rounded or irregularly shaped blister containing fluid -greater than 1cm wide            LOCAL
Ulcer -open craters, often round, with layers of skin that have eroded -fluid may ooze from inside -skin around may be red...
Pustule  -small collection of pus in the top  layer of skin (epidermis) or in the  dermis  -frequently form in sweat gland...
Cyst                                         -epithelial-lined cavity                                         containing l...
Erosion  -loss of the top layer of skin  -lesion is moist, circumscribed  and usually depressed           LOCAL
Wheal -rounded or flat-topped, pale red papule or plaque -cutaneous condition left by a blow or as part of an allergic rea...
Telangiectasia                                     -enlargement of superficial                                     blood v...
Burrow-slightly elevated, grayish, tortuousline in the skin-caused by burrowing organisms                 GENERAL
Cellulitis   -bacterial infection of the skin   and the tissues beneath   -tender, swelling, redness   -fever, chills, swe...
Crust -dried serum, pus or blood usually mixed with epithelial and sometimes bacterial debris          LOCAL
Scales -excessive production of new skin cells that pile up -pink or reddish patches, sometimes with silvery top -may look...
Squames                             -large scale, thickening of the skinNote: do not massage if inflamed or chance of spre...
Fissures                                    -a sharp-edged crack in the skin                                    that is us...
First Degree Burns                                    -superficial and causes local                                    inf...
Second Degree Burns                   -deeper than first degree                   -pain, redness, inflammtion             ...
Third Degree Burns                                         -deeper than second degree                                     ...
Frostbite  -frostnip: white, red and yellow patches  and become numb, no permanent damage  -2nd degree: skin may harden, b...
Acne Rosacea                                 -red or pink patches                                 -visible tiny broke bloo...
Acne Vulgaris                                       -most often in teenagers                                       -result...
Psoriasis                                                    -irritated patches of skin                                   ...
Eczema     -inflammatory skin reaction     -vesicles followed by redding,     swelling, bumps and then crusting     of the...
Scabies                                         -contagious                                         -rash composed of smal...
Shingles  -highly contagious  -burning pain and sensitive skin  -collection of blisters following  the path of individual ...
Folliculitis                                 -scattered pinpoint                                 red bumps                ...
Impetigo  -bacterial infection of the skin  -highly contagious  -sores that scab with a yellow-  brown crust are the most ...
Ringworm   -fungal infection of skin   -round or oval defined edges,   scaly, crusted rash   -may itch   -may blister and ...
Athlete’s Foot                              -fungal infection                              -cracking and itchy, moist, whi...
Skin Cancers                                            -sores that never heal or that                                    ...
Photo Damage      -wrinkles, roughness, altered      texture, discoloration,      decrease in collagen
Kaposi’s sarcoma        -cancerous tumor of blood        vessels and connective tissue        cells        -bluish-red or ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Major assignment 3

706

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
706
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Major assignment 3

    1. 1. PATHOLOGYIntegumentary Conditions massage Nicole Klassen Caution Severe
    2. 2. Macule -change in surface color without elevation or depression -not palpable -less than 1 cm wide
    3. 3. Patch -a large macule -greater that 1cm wide -subtle surface changes such as fine scales or wrinkling -lesion is not palpable LOCALNote: depends on the skin condition as to whetheror not it can be massagedie. measles would be severe, general
    4. 4. Papule -circumscribed, solid elevation of skin -no visible fluid -less than 1cm wideNote: Do not massage if skin on papule is torn LOCAL
    5. 5. Plaque -a elevated area of skin -greater than 1cm wide -broader than it is high -may be red or pink, scabbed or crusted LOCALNote: DO NOT MASSAGE IF INFLAMED OR SKIN IS CRACKED
    6. 6. Nodule -solid collection of tissue -greater than 1cm wide -may be present in epidermis, dermis or subcutaneous layer of skin LOCALNote: depends on the skin condition as to whether or not it can be massaged
    7. 7. Tumor -nodule with a diameter exceeding 5cm -an overgrowth of tissue LOCALNote: may be cancerous, recommend they get it checked by physician
    8. 8. Vesicle -a circumscribed, fluid-containing elevation (blister) -less than 1cm wide LOCAL
    9. 9. Bulla -large vesicle -rounded or irregularly shaped blister containing fluid -greater than 1cm wide LOCAL
    10. 10. Ulcer -open craters, often round, with layers of skin that have eroded -fluid may ooze from inside -skin around may be red, swollen and tender LOCAL
    11. 11. Pustule -small collection of pus in the top layer of skin (epidermis) or in the dermis -frequently form in sweat glands or hair follicles LOCAL
    12. 12. Cyst -epithelial-lined cavity containing liquid, semi-solid or solid material LOCALNote: depends on the skin condition as to whether or not it can be massaged
    13. 13. Erosion -loss of the top layer of skin -lesion is moist, circumscribed and usually depressed LOCAL
    14. 14. Wheal -rounded or flat-topped, pale red papule or plaque -cutaneous condition left by a blow or as part of an allergic reaction LOCAL
    15. 15. Telangiectasia -enlargement of superficial blood vessels to the point of being visible -red marking on skin, resulting from permanent dilation of small blood vessels -sometimes accompanied by tingling, numbnessNote: do not use too much pressure LOCAL
    16. 16. Burrow-slightly elevated, grayish, tortuousline in the skin-caused by burrowing organisms GENERAL
    17. 17. Cellulitis -bacterial infection of the skin and the tissues beneath -tender, swelling, redness -fever, chills, sweats -swollen lymph nodes near infected skin GENERAL
    18. 18. Crust -dried serum, pus or blood usually mixed with epithelial and sometimes bacterial debris LOCAL
    19. 19. Scales -excessive production of new skin cells that pile up -pink or reddish patches, sometimes with silvery top -may look like pustules, small red circles or shiny reddened skin LOCAL
    20. 20. Squames -large scale, thickening of the skinNote: do not massage if inflamed or chance of spreadingie. scleroderma
    21. 21. Fissures -a sharp-edged crack in the skin that is usually narrow but deepNote: depends on the skin condition as to whether or not it is general or localie. athlete’s foot is general
    22. 22. First Degree Burns -superficial and causes local inflammation of skin -sunburn -pain, redness, mild amount of swelling -tender to touch LOCALNote: avoid massaging the area unless client is comfortable with it
    23. 23. Second Degree Burns -deeper than first degree -pain, redness, inflammtion -blistering LOCAL Note: may massage in postacute stage within client’s pain tolerance
    24. 24. Third Degree Burns -deeper than second degree -involves all layers of skin -kills the skin in the area -white, leathery and tend to be painless LOCALNote: may massage in postacute stage within client’s pain tolerance
    25. 25. Frostbite -frostnip: white, red and yellow patches and become numb, no permanent damage -2nd degree: skin may harden, blister 1-2 days after, may become insensitive to heat and cold -3rd and 4th degree: muscles, tendons, blood vessels, and nerves freeze, skin is hard, use of area is lost, purplish blisters which turn black and blood filled, loss of feeling, may lead to amputation LOCAL
    26. 26. Acne Rosacea -red or pink patches -visible tiny broke blood vessels -small red bumps -pink or irritated eyse -chronic, non curable skin condition -continual flushing and blushing may promote inflammationNote: may get worse with local massage
    27. 27. Acne Vulgaris -most often in teenagers -result of overactive oil glands that become plugged, red and inflamed -massage oil may make it worse LOCALNote: do not massage if inflamed, oozing or painful
    28. 28. Psoriasis -irritated patches of skin -dry, silver, flaky skin -pink-red in color -raised and thick -may have joint pain or aching -nail thickening, yellow-brown spots, dents on nail surface, separation of nail from base -dandruff on scalpNote: massage for detoxification and stress reduction LOCALDO NOT MASSAGE IF INFLAMED OR SKIN IS CRACKED
    29. 29. Eczema -inflammatory skin reaction -vesicles followed by redding, swelling, bumps and then crusting of the skin followed by thickening and scaling of the skin -itchy and burning feeling -may be from an allergen LOCALNote: general contraindication if rash can be spread
    30. 30. Scabies -contagious -rash composed of small red bumps and blisters which may contain blood crusts -thin, pencil-mark lines on skinNote: refer to Physician for diagnosis GENERAL
    31. 31. Shingles -highly contagious -burning pain and sensitive skin -collection of blisters following the path of individual nerves -blisters pop, ooze, and then crust over -may have abdominal pain, headaches, fever and chills, joint pain, swollen glands GENERAL
    32. 32. Folliculitis -scattered pinpoint red bumps -rash, itching, and pimples or pustules near a hair follicle -pimples may crust over LOCALNote: massage to increase circulation and remove toxins
    33. 33. Impetigo -bacterial infection of the skin -highly contagious -sores that scab with a yellow- brown crust are the most common sign, but other forms may involve large blisters or ulcers GENERAL
    34. 34. Ringworm -fungal infection of skin -round or oval defined edges, scaly, crusted rash -may itch -may blister and ooze -normally redder around the outside and normal skin tone in center GENERAL
    35. 35. Athlete’s Foot -fungal infection -cracking and itchy, moist, white, scaly lesions or sores on feet -may have painful blistery lesions and a strong odor -thickened, pitted, discolored nails that may detach LOCALNote: tea tree oil may help
    36. 36. Skin Cancers -sores that never heal or that consistently come and go -may resemble blisters, warts, pimples, scars or simple unexplained bumps and abrasions -painless, may bleed or be itchy -watch for asymmetry, irregular borders, varying color -may be small, shiny, waxy, scaly and rough, firm and red, crustyNote: massage for stress reduction and detoxification LOCAL
    37. 37. Photo Damage -wrinkles, roughness, altered texture, discoloration, decrease in collagen
    38. 38. Kaposi’s sarcoma -cancerous tumor of blood vessels and connective tissue cells -bluish-red or purple bumps on the skin -bloody sputum -shortness of breath LOCAL
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×