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Major assignment 3

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  • Transcript

    • 1. PATHOLOGYIntegumentary Conditions massage Nicole Klassen Caution Severe
    • 2. Macule -change in surface color without elevation or depression -not palpable -less than 1 cm wide
    • 3. Patch -a large macule -greater that 1cm wide -subtle surface changes such as fine scales or wrinkling -lesion is not palpable LOCALNote: depends on the skin condition as to whetheror not it can be massagedie. measles would be severe, general
    • 4. Papule -circumscribed, solid elevation of skin -no visible fluid -less than 1cm wideNote: Do not massage if skin on papule is torn LOCAL
    • 5. Plaque -a elevated area of skin -greater than 1cm wide -broader than it is high -may be red or pink, scabbed or crusted LOCALNote: DO NOT MASSAGE IF INFLAMED OR SKIN IS CRACKED
    • 6. Nodule -solid collection of tissue -greater than 1cm wide -may be present in epidermis, dermis or subcutaneous layer of skin LOCALNote: depends on the skin condition as to whether or not it can be massaged
    • 7. Tumor -nodule with a diameter exceeding 5cm -an overgrowth of tissue LOCALNote: may be cancerous, recommend they get it checked by physician
    • 8. Vesicle -a circumscribed, fluid-containing elevation (blister) -less than 1cm wide LOCAL
    • 9. Bulla -large vesicle -rounded or irregularly shaped blister containing fluid -greater than 1cm wide LOCAL
    • 10. Ulcer -open craters, often round, with layers of skin that have eroded -fluid may ooze from inside -skin around may be red, swollen and tender LOCAL
    • 11. Pustule -small collection of pus in the top layer of skin (epidermis) or in the dermis -frequently form in sweat glands or hair follicles LOCAL
    • 12. Cyst -epithelial-lined cavity containing liquid, semi-solid or solid material LOCALNote: depends on the skin condition as to whether or not it can be massaged
    • 13. Erosion -loss of the top layer of skin -lesion is moist, circumscribed and usually depressed LOCAL
    • 14. Wheal -rounded or flat-topped, pale red papule or plaque -cutaneous condition left by a blow or as part of an allergic reaction LOCAL
    • 15. Telangiectasia -enlargement of superficial blood vessels to the point of being visible -red marking on skin, resulting from permanent dilation of small blood vessels -sometimes accompanied by tingling, numbnessNote: do not use too much pressure LOCAL
    • 16. Burrow-slightly elevated, grayish, tortuousline in the skin-caused by burrowing organisms GENERAL
    • 17. Cellulitis -bacterial infection of the skin and the tissues beneath -tender, swelling, redness -fever, chills, sweats -swollen lymph nodes near infected skin GENERAL
    • 18. Crust -dried serum, pus or blood usually mixed with epithelial and sometimes bacterial debris LOCAL
    • 19. Scales -excessive production of new skin cells that pile up -pink or reddish patches, sometimes with silvery top -may look like pustules, small red circles or shiny reddened skin LOCAL
    • 20. Squames -large scale, thickening of the skinNote: do not massage if inflamed or chance of spreadingie. scleroderma
    • 21. Fissures -a sharp-edged crack in the skin that is usually narrow but deepNote: depends on the skin condition as to whether or not it is general or localie. athlete’s foot is general
    • 22. First Degree Burns -superficial and causes local inflammation of skin -sunburn -pain, redness, mild amount of swelling -tender to touch LOCALNote: avoid massaging the area unless client is comfortable with it
    • 23. Second Degree Burns -deeper than first degree -pain, redness, inflammtion -blistering LOCAL Note: may massage in postacute stage within client’s pain tolerance
    • 24. Third Degree Burns -deeper than second degree -involves all layers of skin -kills the skin in the area -white, leathery and tend to be painless LOCALNote: may massage in postacute stage within client’s pain tolerance
    • 25. Frostbite -frostnip: white, red and yellow patches and become numb, no permanent damage -2nd degree: skin may harden, blister 1-2 days after, may become insensitive to heat and cold -3rd and 4th degree: muscles, tendons, blood vessels, and nerves freeze, skin is hard, use of area is lost, purplish blisters which turn black and blood filled, loss of feeling, may lead to amputation LOCAL
    • 26. Acne Rosacea -red or pink patches -visible tiny broke blood vessels -small red bumps -pink or irritated eyse -chronic, non curable skin condition -continual flushing and blushing may promote inflammationNote: may get worse with local massage
    • 27. Acne Vulgaris -most often in teenagers -result of overactive oil glands that become plugged, red and inflamed -massage oil may make it worse LOCALNote: do not massage if inflamed, oozing or painful
    • 28. Psoriasis -irritated patches of skin -dry, silver, flaky skin -pink-red in color -raised and thick -may have joint pain or aching -nail thickening, yellow-brown spots, dents on nail surface, separation of nail from base -dandruff on scalpNote: massage for detoxification and stress reduction LOCALDO NOT MASSAGE IF INFLAMED OR SKIN IS CRACKED
    • 29. Eczema -inflammatory skin reaction -vesicles followed by redding, swelling, bumps and then crusting of the skin followed by thickening and scaling of the skin -itchy and burning feeling -may be from an allergen LOCALNote: general contraindication if rash can be spread
    • 30. Scabies -contagious -rash composed of small red bumps and blisters which may contain blood crusts -thin, pencil-mark lines on skinNote: refer to Physician for diagnosis GENERAL
    • 31. Shingles -highly contagious -burning pain and sensitive skin -collection of blisters following the path of individual nerves -blisters pop, ooze, and then crust over -may have abdominal pain, headaches, fever and chills, joint pain, swollen glands GENERAL
    • 32. Folliculitis -scattered pinpoint red bumps -rash, itching, and pimples or pustules near a hair follicle -pimples may crust over LOCALNote: massage to increase circulation and remove toxins
    • 33. Impetigo -bacterial infection of the skin -highly contagious -sores that scab with a yellow- brown crust are the most common sign, but other forms may involve large blisters or ulcers GENERAL
    • 34. Ringworm -fungal infection of skin -round or oval defined edges, scaly, crusted rash -may itch -may blister and ooze -normally redder around the outside and normal skin tone in center GENERAL
    • 35. Athlete’s Foot -fungal infection -cracking and itchy, moist, white, scaly lesions or sores on feet -may have painful blistery lesions and a strong odor -thickened, pitted, discolored nails that may detach LOCALNote: tea tree oil may help
    • 36. Skin Cancers -sores that never heal or that consistently come and go -may resemble blisters, warts, pimples, scars or simple unexplained bumps and abrasions -painless, may bleed or be itchy -watch for asymmetry, irregular borders, varying color -may be small, shiny, waxy, scaly and rough, firm and red, crustyNote: massage for stress reduction and detoxification LOCAL
    • 37. Photo Damage -wrinkles, roughness, altered texture, discoloration, decrease in collagen
    • 38. Kaposi’s sarcoma -cancerous tumor of blood vessels and connective tissue cells -bluish-red or purple bumps on the skin -bloody sputum -shortness of breath LOCAL