Agriculture

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Agriculture

  1. 1. Outline VIETNAM AGRICULTURE LAND AREA RICE CROPS IRRIGATION COLLECTIVI -ZATION SOUTH NORTH
  2. 2. Land area North <ul><li>15% arable land (14%:intensive cultivation) </li></ul>Arable land 15%
  3. 3. Land area North <ul><li>Red River Delta </li></ul>
  4. 4. Land area South <ul><li>Mekong Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Main rice-producing region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1990: 20 millions/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1999: 33 millions /year </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Rice North <ul><li>Rice 2-3 crops a year </li></ul><ul><li> Summer – autumn crop Winter – spring crop </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rice South <ul><ul><li>Single-cropping </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Irrigation North <ul><li>System of irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Sơn La province high land of the north </li></ul>
  8. 8. Irrigation South <ul><li>System of irrigation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Crops <ul><li> corn coffee sweet potatoes cassava pepper beans rubber </li></ul>coffee cassava beans rubber Pepper Sweet potatoes Corn CROPS
  10. 10. Crops Leading industrial and export crops ( data 2010) Coffee 1millions/year ( www.agribank .com <ul><ul><li>Tea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>122,000 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5th of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( www.baomoi.com ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30% of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( www .vinacorp.vn) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Crops Rubber
  12. 12. Collectivization North <ul><li>1956 : completed land-reform program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>800,000 hectares  2 millions peasant families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>15,000 agricultural cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>105 state farms </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. COLLECTIVIZATION South <ul><li>1978 : began </li></ul><ul><li>Continue with 5-year plans until now </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage peasants join cooperative organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Vietnam agriculture </li></ul>

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