Gathering And Processing Model Answers
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Gathering And Processing Model Answers

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    Gathering And Processing Model Answers Gathering And Processing Model Answers Presentation Transcript

      • Gathering techniques - settlement G2002
      • Describe two techniques you could use to gather information in urban areas to show the differences in the quality of environment.
      Pie charts could be drawn for each year and the urban population shaded or given a colour (2). The differences in segment size would clearly bring out the changes in the proportion of the population living in urban areas. Four horizontal bar charts set one about the other. The percentage of the population for each year to be shown as shaded (2). Changes can be seen and easily compared (1).
      • Gathering techniques:
      • Questionnaires
      • and interviews
      • Observing
      • and recording
      • Measuring
      • sketching
      • Gathering techniques - settlement C2002
      • Describe the gathering techniques which could have been used to identify the sphere of influence of Inverness.
      • Justify you choice of techniques.
      You could do interviews of people asking where they have come from (2). You could write to a store manager or a shop owner to tell you where they do deliveries (2). These are good choices as they will represent the distance that people travel to shop in Inverness (1) and the number of times they visit (1), the way they travel (1) and the types of goods and services they use (1).
      • Gathering techniques - Rivers - G2002
      • Describe two techniques which could be used to gather information about the physical characteristics of the River Wye.
      • Why are these techniques suitable?
      You could measure the width of the river by stretching a metre tape across it (1). You could also measure the depth by using a metre stick at fixed intervals across the river (1). Finally, you could measure the speed using a flowmeter (1). You could take photos (1) or draw field sketches (1). You can then compare the river either at different stages (upper, middle or lower) (1) or with other rivers to look for similarities and differences (1). Photographs could be compared with older photos of the river to see how it’s changed (1).
      • Gathering techniques:
      • Questionnaires
      • and interviews
      • Observing
      • and recording
      • Measuring
      • sketching
      • Gathering techniques C2003
      • A group of geography students is researching the effects of the opening of the Millennium Link on the communities along its route.
      • Describe two gathering techniques they could use to do this.
      • Give reasons for your choice.
      You could do a questionnaire of local people/businesses or the tourist office (1). Photographs could be taken along the route (1) or you could count the number of people using the route (1). Questionnaires are good as they could find out if tourist numbers have risen since the opening of the link (1) and whether hotels are busier (1). Photographs could be compared with older ones to see how the landscape has changed with the link (1). Finally counting people would also tell you how popular the link is (1).
      • Processing techniques - farming C2002
      • Give two other processing techniques which could be used to show this information. Give reasons for your choice.
      Two possible techniques might be pie charts and divided bar graphs (2). Pie charts are good as they are a clear way to show the information (1) and comparisons can be easily made (1) especially if you use colour (1). Divided bar graphs are good as you would be able to easily read the land use and compare them (1).
      • Processing techniques:
      • Line graph
      • Pie chart
      • Bar graph
      • Table
      • Drawing a cross- section
      • Labelling a map/graph etc
      • Drawing a map
      • Processing techniques G2004
      • Give two processing techniques which could be used to present the information shown in Reference Diagram Q7B.
      • Give reasons for your choice.
      Two possible techniques would be line graphs and bar graphs. Line graphs show trends over time (1) and can show the rates of change by the steepness of the line (1). Different colours can be used for employment category (1). Bar graphs can show proportions (1) and can make comparison easier (1) especially if they are shaded (1).
      • Processing techniques C2003
      • Look at reference Table Q9.
      • Identify other techniques that could be used to process the data shown above.
      • Give reasons for your choice.
      You could draw a series of pie charts (1) or a bar graph (1) or a series of divided bar graphs (1). Pie charts allow you to see the worldwide significance of south african minerals (1). Also colour can be used to improve the visual impact of South Africa’s proportion (1). A bar graph can allow for visual comparison (1) and if coloured, you could highlight the differences (1).
      • Processing techniques G2005
      • Suggest two other techniques which could be used to process the information in Reference Table Q8B.
      • Give reasons for your answers.
      You could use pie charts (1) or put the information on a divided bar graph (1). The pie chart is good as it clearly shows percentages (1) and can be coloured to allow for comparisons (1). The divided bar graph is good at showing differences (1) and can be easier to draw than a divided bar graph (1).
      • Processing techniques C2005
      • Which other processing techniques could be used to display the export percentage figures shown in Reference Diagram Q8?
      • Give reasons for your choice of techniques.
      You could use pie charts (1) or draw a table (1). The pie chart would be easy to do as the information is already in percentages (1) and drawing it would allow for easy comparison (1) and colour could be used to highlight the segments (1). A table could be drawn so that countries could be put in order (1) and it could also be divided in to groups (1) with colour to enhance differences (1).
      • Processing techniques - population G2002
      • Give one processing technique which could be used to show the information in Table 8.
      • Give reasons for your choice.
      Pie charts could be drawn for each year and urban population segment shaded or coloured (2). The differences in segment size would clearly bring out the changes in the proportion of the population living in urban areas (2). Four horizontal bar graphs could be set one above the other (1). Changes in the urban share of total population can be seen and compared (1).
      • Processing techniques:
      • Line graph
      • Pie chart
      • Bar graph
      • Table
      • Drawing a cross- section
      • Labelling a map/graph etc
      • Drawing a map