Future Internet Visions: An Opportunity for Ireland
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A discussion of European Union Future Internet R&D funding and the TSSG\'s (a research centre in Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland) engagement in these programmes to date, and future ...

A discussion of European Union Future Internet R&D funding and the TSSG\'s (a research centre in Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland) engagement in these programmes to date, and future opportunities for Irish academia and industry. Presented at the Future Internet Event (http://www.future-internet.ie) Dublin, Wed 29th October 2008.

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Future Internet Visions: An Opportunity for Ireland Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Future Internet Visions: An Opportunity for Ireland Future Internet Visions: An Opportunity for Ireland Mícheál Ó Foghlú Executive Director Research TSSG Waterford Institute of Technology <mofoghlu@tssg.org> Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 2. Author / TSSG • Co-founder of TSSG with Willie Donnelly and Eamonn de Leastar in 1996, joined by Barry Downes in 2003. • TSSG Ethos is to support a critical mass of activity at all stages of the innovation lifecycle: basic and applied research, commercialisation, and spin-out/spin-in real commercial activity • TSSG metrics: – Size: 160 researchers – Funding: €50M 1996-2008 – Publications: 50 per annum (2006, 2007, 2008) – Projects: 45 active, 70 completed (October 2008) – No. 1 in Ireland for EU ICT Engagement (FP6 & FP7) – No. 1 in Ireland for EI Informatics Commercialisation (10 spin-out/spin-in companies, 60 new regional jobs created) – HEA PRTLI Cycle 3 and Cycle 4 Funding – SFI Development, PI Cluster and Research Frontiers Awards Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 3. Structure • Introduction • EU Future Internet • TSSG’s Engagement in EU Future Internet • Opportunities for Irish Companies and Researchers Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 4. SECTION • Introduction • EU Future Internet • TSSG’s Engagement in EU Future Internet • Opportunities for Irish Companies and Researchers Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 5. Introduction: Overview • What exactly is the Internet and why has it been successful? • What threatens this continued growth and success? • How can visions on the Future Internet address these threats? Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 6. Introduction: Generative Internet • [Zittrain 2006] of Oxford Internet Institute and Harvard Law School • Generative Internet = – Services/applications/middleware (Web/REST, other distributed software) – Inter-networking (TCP/IP suite) – Local networks (Ethernet) – Devices (end node PC, routers/switches) • You Need Network(s) & Services & Devices [Zittrain, 2006] http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/119/may06/zittrain.shtml Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 7. Introduction: Standards • Services/Middleware: – XML: W3C, OASIS, OMG, … • Inter-networking – TCP/IP, http: IETF, Internet Society • Networks: – Ethernet/WiFi/WiMAX: IEEE – Telecommunications: ITU-T, ETSI, 3GPP, … • Devices: – Equipment manufacturers’ de facto standards e.g. IBM PC compatible (arguably success of ICT driven by Moore’s Law) Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 8. Introduction: ISOC Internet Model Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 9. Introduction: Ownership • Who builds, maintains and owns networks? – Telecommunications operators/carriers • Who sells internet connectivity: – Internet Service Providers (ISPs) • But also important are: – Enterprise/corporate networks – Enterprise/government networks – Home networks Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 10. Introduction: Culture Clash • Internet-centric view – Everything is on “public” Internet using TCP/IP – All services are over this infrastructure – Many key software elements open source (bind, sendmail, apache, Linux, …) – Telecoms networks may enable some connectivity – Expectation of many “free” services (and use of “free” software) • Telecommunications view – Migration of private telecom networks to “private” TCP/IP – Allows same infrastructure to support fixed/mobile convergence – Backwards compatibility with existing voice service infrastructure – IMS as architecture to encapsulate this – Interface to “public” Internet problematic and insecure – Expectation that all services are billable Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 11. Introduction: Threat IPv4 Depletion • Internet-centric expect TCP/IP to be core to their view of the Future Internet – the Future Internet is just the Internet (promise more of the same, lots of free services with variable reliability) • Telecoms expect TCP/IP to be core to IMS – Future Internet is the Internet technologies deployed using added security/accounting/QoS (promise of no more spam, but fewer free services) • BUT availability of new IPv4 addresses due to dry up in 2010! One key enabling infrastructure has reached its capacity! Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 12. Introduction: IPv6 • Solution to IPv4 address depletion is adoption of IPv6 • One view of Future Internet is business as usual with IPv6 instead of IPv4 • No other new solution can be designed, agreed and deployed within the timeframe – so we all must move to IPv6 regardless of our longer term views Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 13. Introduction: Summary • The Internet is made up of networks, inter-connectivity (TCP/IP), services and devices • The core driver has been the cheap hardware for end- user devices and network devices • Many of the core software elements have been developed as open source • Hardware is cheaper than people, so over time generic networking (IP) and generic software (C/C++/Java) replace specialised vertical market segments (e.g. 3G networks use Unix servers) • The main inter-networking protocol IPv4 has now reached the end of its usefulness and we need to migrate to IPv6 Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 14. SECTION • Introduction • EU Future Internet • TSSG’s Engagement in EU Future Internet • Opportunities for Irish Companies and Researchers Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 15. EU Future Internet - Funding Programme • January 2007 – Launch of FP7 (2007-2013) – €50 billion over 7 years - largest research funding programme in the world • FP7 ICT calls so far – ICT Call 1 (deadline: May 2007) <- Call 1 was main relevant call – ICT Call 2 (deadline: Oct 2007) – ICT Call 3 (deadline: Apr 2008) • All funded activities that come under “Future Internet” banner have organised to cross-fertilise Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 16. EU Technology Platforms (Future Internet) • eMobility – Mobile & Wireless Communications • NEM – Networked Electronic Media • NESSI – Software Services • EPoSSS – Platform for Smart Systems Integration • ISI – Integral Satellite Communications http://cordis.europa.eu/technology-platforms/home_en.html Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 17. EU Future Internet: 1 Challenge, 6 Areas Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 18. EU Future Internet: Projects Calls 1, 2, 3 Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 19. EU Future Internet - FI Assembly • March/April 2008 (Slovenia: Bled) – Future Internet Assembly – Bled Declaration http://www.fi-bled.eu/Bled_declaration.pdf • December 2008 (Spain: Madrid) – Future Internet Assembly • May 2009 (Czech Republic: Prague) – Future Internet Assembly Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 20. SECTION • Introduction • EU Future Internet • TSSG’s Engagement in EU Future Internet • Opportunities for Irish Companies and Researchers Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 21. TSSG in FP7 FI (9 Projects; 3 EU-TPs) • Area 1: “Future Networks” – 4WARD – EFIPSANS – AUTOI – eMobility Technology Platform: board members • Area 2: “Services Architectures” – PERSIST – NESSI Technology Platform: members • Area 3: “Networked Media Systems” – NEM Technology Platform: board members • Area 4: “Internet of Things” – No involvement as yet - interest in sensor networks • Area 5: “Security” – Inco-Trust – THINK-TRUST – No Technology Platform, but TSSG play strategic role • Area 6: “Experimental Test Facilities” – PANLAB II – Perimeter – Vital++ Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 22. Irish Funding: HEA • HEA PRTLI Cy 3: M-Zones 2002-2007 – Partners: TCD, CIT – Managing smart spaces • HEA PRTLI Cy 4: FutureComm 2007-2011 – Partners: UL, NUIM – Managing future communications networks and services Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 23. Irish Funding: SFI • SFI Development Award 2003-2004 – TSSG • SFI PI Cluster: AMCNS 2004-2008 – Autonomic Management of Communications Networks and Services – Basic research into self-* approaches • Model-driven approaches to network management • Bio-inspired approaches to network management Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 24. Irish Funding: Enterprise Ireland • Commercialisation awards CF-TD, PoC • EI ILRP: IMS ARCS • EI Equipment Funding: Testbed for IMS • EI support funding for FP7 engagement Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 25. TSSG: Standards • W3C (mobile content initiatives, widgets) • JCP (widgets, mobile development) • TM Forum (telecom management) • ACF (autonomic management) • ETSI (telecom management) • IETF/Internet Society (mobility, SIP, SHIM6) • IEEE (cognitive radio, software defined radio) Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 26. SECTION • Introduction • EU Future Internet • TSSG’s Engagement in EU Future Internet • Opportunities for Irish Companies and Researchers Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 27. EU ICT thematic area: 7 Challenges Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 28. EU FP7 Calls 4 & 5 • The Future Internet is focused on the first of these challenges “Pervasive and Trustworthy Network and Service Infrastructures” • This was mainly open in Calls 1 and 2, and will be open again in Calls 4 and 5 • Work Programme to be launched in Lyon November 2008 http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/events/ict/2008/index_en.htm • Followed by an FP7-ICT Proposers' Day 2009 22 January 2009, Budapest, Hungary • Enterprise Ireland will organise local Irish events to promote the calls Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 29. Irish Advantages • English speaking - English is working language of nearly all projects • Globalised - open to external partnerships • Track record of Irish success stories in previous framework programmes • Strong indigenous and FDI ICT base • Opportunity to bridge North American knowledge with European knowledge • Opportunity to develop Asian links • Enterprise Ireland support structures for academic and industrial participation Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 30. Conclusion • The Internet is about more than networks – it is about networks, services and devices • The Internet is threatened by shortage of IPv4 addresses • The future of the Internet is a contested space, particularly between telecoms operators and those with an Internet-centric view • The future research has to go beyond these immediate issues and envision a new future • Some of this is clean slate (design from scratch) and some is evolutionary (grown from what we have) • There are many opportunities for Irish companies and researchers to engage in these debates • Irish IPv6 Summit, Dublin Castle, 28th Jan 2009 Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 31. Questions Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie
  • 32. Additional Information [Zittrain, 2006] “The Generative Internet” Harvard Law Review Vol 119 pp. 1974-- 2040. Wed 29th October 2008 Future Internet Event http://www.tssg.org http://www.future-internet.ie