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2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper
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2012 GCSE Options Unit 2 Foundation Paper

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  • 1. 4232010001INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATESUse black ink or black ball-point pen.Write your name, centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page.Answer one question from Section A, one from Section B and one other.Answer no more than three questions.Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATESThe number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part-question.You are reminded that assessment will take into account the quality of written communicationused in your answers that involve extended writing.CJ*(S12-4232-01)SurnameOther NamesCandidateNumber0CentreNumberGCSE4232/01GEOGRAPHY(Specification A)FOUNDATION TIERUNIT 2 Options GeographyA.M. MONDAY, 18 June 20121 hour 15 minutesFor Examiner’s Use OnlySection ATheme 7Theme 8Theme 9Section BTheme 10Theme 11Theme 12TOTAL© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 2. 2(4232-01)ExamineronlySECTION A - PHYSICAL OPTIONSAnswer at least one question from this section, but no more than two.Theme 7 – Our Changing Coastline1. (a) Study the OS map extract below. A full key appears at the back of the booklet.Source: © Crown copyright and/or database right.All rights reserved. Licence number 100020034(i) In which of the following grid squares would you find the Dock?Underline the correct answer below. [1]3283 3184 3384(ii) Give two other examples of land uses shown on the map. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 3. (4232-01)(iii) Give three pieces of map evidence which show that there is a high risk of coastalflooding in the area. [3]1. .......................................................................................................................................................................................2. .......................................................................................................................................................................................3. .......................................................................................................................................................................................(b) Sea-levels are predicted to rise in many parts of the world which increases the risk ofcoastal flooding.Describe two ways in which sea-level rise may affect people. [4]1. .....................................................................................................................................................................................................2. .....................................................................................................................................................................................................Turn over.42320100033 Examineronly© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 4. 4(4232-01)Examineronly(c) Study the photograph below.(i) Put one of the following words in each box to identify the correct coastallandform. [4]bay arch cave headland cliff stack© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 5. (4232-01) Turn over.42320100055 Examineronly(ii) Explain, using named processes, how one of these landforms has been formed.You must draw diagram(s) to help your answer. [6]Name of landform .................................................................................End of Theme 7 question© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 6. 6(4232-01)ExamineronlyTheme 8 – Weather and Climate2. (a) Study the weather map below which shows a depression in March 2011.976980984988992996100010041008512876445Warm frontCold frontKeyno cloudsky half coveredby cloudsky fully coveredby cloudrainrain showerswind blowingfrom the NWwind blowingfrom the SW(i) Give the pressure at the centre of the depression.Underline the correct answer below. [1]below 976 976 above 976(ii) Give two weather conditions associated with a depression. [2](iii) Explain how one of these weather conditions can affect businesses in the UK. [3]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 7. (4232-01) Turn over.42320100077 Examineronly(b) Study the map below which shows the storm track of Hurricane Earl between August 28and September 3, 2010.0 500United StatesMexicoColombiaVenezuelaCuba Haiti DominicanRepublicBrazilGuyanaSurinamPanamaPA C I F I CO C E A NC A R I B B E A NS E AAT L A N T I CO C E A N1000 kmNLeeward IslandsWindward IslandsBahamas90°W10°N10°N20°N30°N20°N30°N80°W 70°W 60°W60°W70°W80°W90°WHurricane Earl as it moved awayfrom The Leeward Islands onAugust 30th 2010©NOAATrack ofHurricane EarlKey(i) Use the map and the satellite image to complete the following paragraph.Choose from the words below. [4]Hurricane Earl moved away from the Leeward Islands which are at a latitudeof ......................................................... on August 30.It moved in a ......................................................... direction towards the DominicanRepublic and the ................................................................. . The storm then moved northeasterly along the ................................................................. coastline of the USA causing manyproblems to local people.Bahamas Atlantic south westerly 10°N Pacific CaribbeanWindward Islands 19°N north westerly Guyana 60°W south easterly© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 8. 8(4232-01)Examineronly(ii) Describe two hazards associated with tropical storms. [4]1. ..............................................................................................................................................................................................2. ..............................................................................................................................................................................................(iii) Using one or more examples explain ways in which the effects of tropical stormscan be reduced. [6]End of Theme 8 question© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 9. (4232-01) Turn over.42320100099 ExamineronlyTheme 9 – Living Things3. (a) Study the graph and the map below.Map showing some large scale global ecosystems (biomes)KeyTropic of CancerEquatorTropic of CapricornTropical RainforestHot DesertTundraPolar Ice capJ–40–30–20–100102030Temp°CF M A M J J A S O N DArctic Circle(i) In which ecosystem would you find the annual temperature pattern shown on thegraph?Underline the correct answer below. [1]Tundra Hot Desert Tropical Rainforest(ii) Describe the pattern shown by the graph.Use figures in your answer. [2](iii) Describe the global distribution of the tundra ecosystem. [3]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 10. 10(4232-01)Examineronly(b) Complete the following paragraph using words from the list below. [4]An ecosystem contains both living and non-living parts. The living part includes suchthings as plants, insects and ......................................................... . The non-living part of an ecosystemincludes solar energy and ......................................................... . Solar energy is taken in by plantsthrough the process of ......................................................... and nutrients from the soil are taken up bythe ......................................................... of plants.(c) Look at the line A-B on the map and the diagram below.RainforestRain all year2 monthswithout rainSummer rain,winter dry7 monthswithout rainDry allyearSemi-desert(scrub)DesertBAABA F R I C ASuggest how the changes in vegetation across Africa are influenced by climate. [4]birds evaporation recycling photosynthesisrocks food chain litter roots leaves© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 11. (4232-01) Turn over.423201001111 Examineronly(d) Describe and explain ways in which people use ecosystems.Use one or more examples to help your answer. [6]End of Theme 9 question© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 12. 12(4232-01)ExamineronlySECTION B – HUMAN OPTIONSAnswer at least one question from this section, but no more than two.Theme 10 – Tourism4. (a) Study the map below which shows Greece, a popular tourist destination.0 100 200ZakynthosCephaloniaIthacaLefkadaCorfuCytheraThessaloniki300KilometresAthensNC R E T EG R E E C EIONIANSEAAEGEANSEA(i) Give the distance between Athens and Cythera.Underline the correct answer below. [1]100km 200km 300km(ii) Describe the location of the island of Lefkada. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 13. (4232-01)(b) Study the photograph below which shows the village of Syvota on the island of Lefkada.Turn over.13 ExamineronlySource: © Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy(i) Suggest why the natural landscape of this area attracts tourists. [3](ii) Suggest reasons why tourism is important to places such as Lefkada. [4]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 14. 14(4232-01)Examineronly(iii) At present this part of Greece does not attract large numbers of tourists.Give two ways in which large numbers of tourists could have negative effects on:[4]People1. .......................................................................................................................................................................................2. .......................................................................................................................................................................................The environment1. .......................................................................................................................................................................................2. .......................................................................................................................................................................................© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 15. (4232-01)(c) Study the information below which shows some of the ways in which the nature oftourism is changing.Turn over.15 ExamineronlyUse these headings or your own examples to explain two ways in which the nature oftourism is changing. [6]End of Theme 10 questionLong Haul Flights Ecotourism More Short Breaks© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 16. 16(4232-01)ExamineronlyTheme 11 – Retail and Urban Change5. (a) Study the information and the photographs below.Percentage of different types of stores of one supermarket chain in a large city.‘Extra’ Stores ‘Superstores’ ‘Metro’ Stores ‘Express’ Stores29% 11% 50%Largest stores Smallest storesA B(i) Give the percentage of ‘extra’ stores in this city.Underline the correct answer below. [1]5% 10% 15%(ii) Give two ways in which photograph A shows that this store is located on theoutskirts of the city. [2]Source: ©Dead Shot Keen/Alamy Source: ©Bernd Tschakert Ltd/Alamy© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 17. (4232-01)(iii) Explain why the store in photograph B is likely to sell a much smaller range ofgoods. [3](b) Study the graph below.people of different ages who use the InternetTurn over.17 Examineronly100908070605040302010016 - 24 25 - 44Within the last 3 monthsMore than 3 months agoNever used45 - 54Age groupKeyPercent55 - 64 65+(i) Use information from the graph to complete the following description. [4]Circle the correct answers.In the UK the internet is used by large numbers of people. The most frequent usersare in the 16-24 / 45-54 / 65+ age group.In the 16-24 age group 92 / 96 / 99 percent used the internet in the last 3 months.In the 65+ age group 25 / 29 / 35 percent of people used the internet in the last3 months and 60 / 65 / 70 percent never used the internet.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 18. 18(4232-01)Examineronly(ii) Suggest why the growth of internet shopping can be both a benefit and aproblem. [4]BenefitProblem© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 19. (4232-01)(c) People in the UK have more and more choice of goods to buy.Many of these goods come from developing countries (LEDCs).Explain two effects of this on people in LEDCs. [6]End of Theme 11 questionTurn over.19 Examineronly© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 20. 20(4232-01)ExamineronlyTheme 12 – Economic Change and Wales6. (a) Study the map below.Map of large power stations in Wales in 2011Power stationsKeyNcoal firedsettlementpumped storage(HEP)nuclearBarryCardiffUskmouthBaglan BayFfestiniogDinorwigWylfaDeesideConnah’s QuayAberthaw B0 50kmgas firedWALESENGLANDNewportWrexhamSwanseaSource: Atlas of Wales(i) How many power stations shown on the map burn fossil fuels?Underline the correct answer below. [1]2 6 8 9(ii) Fossil fuels are non-renewable sources of energy. [2]What does non-renewable mean.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 21. (4232-01)(iii) Nuclear energy is also used in Wales.Describe the location of the nuclear power station in Wales. [3](iv) Complete the following paragraph using words from the list below. [4]The physical geography of Wales with its mountains, rivers and coastline make itsuitable for the development of several types of ............................................................... energysuch as wind, ............................................................... and hydro. There are many small hydro-electric power stations in Wales and two bigger schemes, one of which is located at........................................................... . Wales also aims to plant more ...........................................................and grasses so as to increase the use of biomass energy.Turn over.21 Examineronlywaste Dinorwig non-renewable tidal coalrenewable Deeside trees Wylfa cattle© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 22. 22(4232-01)Examineronly(b) Study the photograph below which shows an area of Mid Wales.Use evidence from the photograph and your own knowledge to suggest why some peoplewere against the building of this wind farm. [4]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 23. (4232-01) Turn over.23 Examineronly(c) What are the arguments for using non-renewable energy? [6]End of Theme 12 question© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  • 24. (4232-01)24© WJEC CBAC Ltd.

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