What is a fracture?• Commonly called a broken bone• An injury to the bone that causes it to break• The name of a fracture describes the kind of damage to the bone• Usually caused by an injury, either due to trauma or underlying disease
Symptoms• Severe pain• Swelling• Tenderness• Bruising• Deformity in the location of the break
Types of Fractures• Comminuted—fracture type in which the bone is shattered or crushed into many pieces• Simple—fracture that does not break the skin• Impacted—fracture in which bone fragments push into one another• Oblique—fracture that occurs at an angle to the bone• Spiral—fracture type where the fracture line winds around the bone
Transverse Fracture• A fracture that occurs across the bone at a right angle• Usually due to traumadirectly to the bone
Greenstick Fracture• A fracture type in which the break is incomplete; the bone may be broken on one side and bent on the other• Often occurs in children as their bones are softer
Compound Fracture• Fracture in which the skin has been broken• Risk of infection is higher in these types of fractures as there is an open wound
Treatment• Treatment depends on the location and severity of the fracture• Treatments can vary from simple immobilization and rest to surgery for a more complicated break
References• Medical Terminology: A Living Language. Fregman, Bonnie F. and Suzanne S. Frucht. Pearson, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 2009.• www.mayoclinic.com• Pictures courtesy Sinew Theraputics, University of Maryland Medical Center, 3Dscience.com, and Mayo Clinic
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