Bone fractures

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Bone fractures

  1. 1. BONE FRACTURES By Peprah Apenteng
  2. 2. Introduction• Bone form skeleton of the body.• Bone support and protect body parts.• The bone marrow is the center for blood production.• Bones serve as reservoir for minerals most importantly calcium and phosphate.• Fat is stored in bone cavities and serve as energy for the body.
  3. 3. What causes bone Fracture ?• A broken bone and fracture mean the same thing.• A fracture occur when bone cannot withstand a force or truama.
  4. 4. • Fracture may be classified by:• Position of the bone after fracture.• Completeness of the break.• Orientation of the break relative to the long axis of the bone• Whether the bone end penetrate the skin.
  5. 5. Common Types of Fracture.• Simple Fracture (Closed Fracture) : It is a fracture that cause little or no damage to the surrounding tissues.• Symptoms Include :1 . Swelling2. Bruising3. Numbness4. Pale area surrounding the broken bone.
  6. 6. Impacted Fracture.• A fracture in which one fragment ends are driven into each other.• Treatment is by surgery to reconstruct the shattered bones.
  7. 7. Compound Fracture (Open Fracture)• Is a broken bone that penetrate the skin.• Symptoms include all of the symptoms of the simple fracture but the most obvious is the protruding broken bone that comes out of the skin.• Caused by high-energy impact injuries.• Treatment involve multiple surgeries and prolong antibiotic treatment.
  8. 8. • Other fractures include:• Greenstick• Commuted• Oblique• Spiral
  9. 9. Picture of some common Fractures.
  10. 10. Orthopedic Surgeon• Treat a number of conditions that affect the:• bones tumor• Fracture, Sprains, and strains.• Osteoporosis• Spine disorder• Dislocations
  11. 11. Reference• http://bonesfracture.com/simple-fracture- treatment-simple-bone-fracture-surgery- healing-time-recovery-symptoms/• http://www.medicinenet.com/fracture/article. htm• Medical Terminology, Fourth Edition By Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht.

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