Fractures

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types of fracture

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Fractures

  1. 1. <ul><li>Fracture by Jelilat Rasheed </li></ul>Biology 120
  2. 2. Fractures <ul><li>What is fracture? </li></ul><ul><li>Fracture is a broken bone as a result of excess pressure </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of fractures <ul><li>compound fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Impacted fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Simple fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Spiral fracture </li></ul>
  4. 4. Oblique fracture <ul><li>This is a fracture in the line of break runs obliquely to the axis of the bone </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of oblique fracture <ul><li>An oblique fracture is caused by a twisting force to the long axis of the bone and causes fracture along shear line </li></ul>
  6. 6. Compound fracture <ul><li>This is a type of fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>A compound fracture is also known as open fracture. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Compound fracture <ul><li>Risk of compound fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of compound fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Because compound fractures are open injuries to the outside world, there is significant risk of developing an infection around the fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Compound fracture are generally treated with surgery to clean the site of injury and stabilized the fracture </li></ul>
  8. 8. Impacted fracture <ul><li>This is a type of fracture in which the opposite sides of the broken bone are compressed together. </li></ul><ul><li>Impacted fractures are commonly associated with hip fractures and fractures that occur when a person attempts to break a fall with outstretched arms </li></ul>
  9. 9. Symptom of impacted fracture <ul><li>Pain is the most obvious symptom of impacted fracture. The pain can be excruciating depending upon the extent of the impacted fracture. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Diagnosis <ul><li>X-ray is the most common tool for diagnosing fractured bones. </li></ul><ul><li>In case of impacted fracture, an MRI or CT scan may provide more detailed images of the several broken fragments </li></ul>
  11. 11. Treatment <ul><li>Once the location and the extent of the fracture is detected, appropriate bone bruise treatment can be initiated. </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE END

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