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  • 1. Prehistoric Art 35,000 B.C.E. to 1,500 B.C.E.
  • 2. The Beginning of Art Prehistory - before writing.
  • 3. Who were the artists?
    • Cro-Magnon peoples from 30,000 BCE are currently known as the world’s first artists.
    • They lived in caves when it was cold.
    • Hunted animals for food, clothing, tools, and shelter.
  • 4. The First Discovery…
    • In the autumn of 1879, Spanish nobleman and amateur archeologist Marcelino Sanz de Sautuloa and his young daughter, Maria, set out to explore a cave in the hillside of Altamira, not far from the family estate in northern Spain. As a gentleman scholar, De Sautuola took a serious interest in finding out more about the prehistoric past.
  • 5. Little Maria was small enough to see into the narrow opening of the cave in their backyard. What she saw changed history…
  • 6. Making history…
    • Maria had just become the first modern human to set eyes on the first gallery of prehistoric paintings ever to be discovered.
  • 7. The Altamira Cave
  • 8. Cave paintings
    • Cave Paintings are found all over the world. Western Europe, primarily Southern France and Northern Spain, are rich with caves containing Stone Age wall paintings.
  • 9. The Art
    • Rock paintings have been found to include line drawings in charcoal and red ochre, painted images, and negative images, which are formed by painting the rock area around an object, such as a hand.
  • 10. How were they made?
    • These Paleolithic artists made paint out of natural substances such as red and yellow earth, different colored minerals, and black charcoal. They would grind these into a powder and mix with water (scientists have found cave water works really well for this).   
  • 11. Subjects of Paintings Aurochs- an ancient bull Horses Fish(rare) Rhinoceroses and bison Also- ibex goats hyenas turtles people human hands marks that represent a calendar
  • 12. Why were they made?
    • We don't know why the painters made cave paintings. The theories include: -Hunting "magic" -Part of their spiritual beliefs -Ceremonial - coming of age -As an aid to memory and pass on
    This one is from Lascaux, France.
  • 13. The Lascaux Caves
  • 14. Lascaux Caves 15,000-13,000BCE Researchers think that this horse was part of a magic hunting ritual. They believe that the artists threw spears at the horse because there are marks on the walls of the cave.
  • 15. Hall of the Bulls Many rooms with paintings…
  • 16.
    • To explore online go to:
    • http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/#/en/00.xml
    • An amazing interactive site!!!
  • 17. Las Cuevas de Las Piletas 28,000-8,000 BC Located in Southern Spain One of the caves still open to the public. I went there!!
  • 18. Prehistoric Sculpture These bison were carved out of rock. Each one is about two feet long. 12,000 BCE This bison was carved out Of a reindeer horn. It’s About four inches long. 12,000BCE Much more difficult than painting!
  • 19. Stonehenge A prehistoric rock monument. Made of monoliths - large rocks. Very mysterious-align with the sun- cast shadows during solstices and may have been a type of calendar.
  • 20. Created over time Around 2000 BCE. There are other Stones circles but This is the most famous.