In the autumn of 1879, Spanish nobleman and amateur archeologist Marcelino Sanz de Sautuloa and his young daughter, Maria, set out to explore a cave in the hillside of Altamira, not far from the family estate in northern Spain. As a gentleman scholar, De Sautuola took a serious interest in finding out more about the prehistoric past.
Little Maria was small enough to see into the narrow opening of the cave in their backyard. What she saw changed history…
These Paleolithic artists made paint out of natural substances such as red and yellow earth, different colored minerals, and black charcoal. They would grind these into a powder and mix with water (scientists have found cave water works really well for this).
Subjects of Paintings Aurochs- an ancient bull Horses Fish(rare) Rhinoceroses and bison Also- ibex goats hyenas turtles people human hands marks that represent a calendar
Lascaux Caves 15,000-13,000BCE Researchers think that this horse was part of a magic hunting ritual. They believe that the artists threw spears at the horse because there are marks on the walls of the cave.
Las Cuevas de Las Piletas 28,000-8,000 BC Located in Southern Spain One of the caves still open to the public. I went there!!
Prehistoric Sculpture These bison were carved out of rock. Each one is about two feet long. 12,000 BCE This bison was carved out Of a reindeer horn. It’s About four inches long. 12,000BCE Much more difficult than painting!
Stonehenge A prehistoric rock monument. Made of monoliths - large rocks. Very mysterious-align with the sun- cast shadows during solstices and may have been a type of calendar.
Created over time Around 2000 BCE. There are other Stones circles but This is the most famous.