For this exercise you should complete each of the following statements of strengths and
weaknesses. You will find a list of 15 words at the end that you should use to fill in the gaps
1.This approach shows how a part of society can work at two different
levels, both fulfilling the needs of each________________and meeting
the needs of the whole______________________at the same time.
2.It provides a very__________________________view of society.
3.Functionalists show how each of the parts of society are _____________
each contributing to the__________________of the whole.
4.Functionalism allows us to examine the possible functions
of__________________which might otherwise appear to be purposeless.
5.It provides a useful focus on the importance of social structure and
1.Functionalism overemphasises the__________________nature of society.
2.It therefore tends to ignore the________________and________________
stressed by Marxists.
3.Similarly, functionalism fails to recognise the importance of power and
the_________________________of those who have power.
4.It takes a politically___________________position, appearing to support
the status quo.
5.Functions are assumed to exist because the institutions that provide them
exist. But an effect cannot explain a cause – therefore this explanation
6.Interactionist sociologists have accused functionalism of being
too____________________seeing people as programmed and
__________________ by the social system, with little choice of action.