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Finland
 

Finland

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Ella!

Ella!
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    Finland Finland Presentation Transcript

    • Suomi Finland
    • Geography
      The northernmost country on the European continent
      Seventh largest country in Europe
      Between Sweden and Russia, also border with Norway
      No high mountains
      Forests and woodland: 76%
      188 000 lakes of over 500 square meters
    • Basics
      population 5 325 208
      17peoplepersquare kilometer
      77 %lives in the provinces of South and West Finland
      Beautiful nature
      Sauna, sisu, Sibelius
      Official languages: Finnish and Swedish
    • History
      The new republic
      Turning towards Western Europe
      Trade withBritain
      Military trained in France
      World War II
      Finland foughtthreewars:
      the Winter War alone against the Soviet Union
      the Continuation War with Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union
      the Lapland War against Germany
    • In World War II, only three European
      capitals were never occupied:
      Moscow, London and Helsinki.
    • History
      Post-war
      Unique position in the Cold War
      the country was heavily influenced by the Soviet Union, but retained democracy and a market economy
      The reparations to the Soviet Union caused Finland to transform itself from a primarily agrarian economy to an industrialised one
    • History
      RapideconomicGrowth
      By 1975 GDP per capita was the 15th highest in the world
      Various industries benefited from trade privileges with the Soviets
      • Early 1990s recession
      -- Miscalculated macroeconomic decisions, a banking crisis, the collapse of a primary trading partner (the Soviet Union) and a global economic downturn
    • EconomyNow
      Highlyindustrialised
      Free-marketeconomy
      Services 2/3 of the economy
      Key part of foreigntrade is manufacturing;
      Electronics
      Machinery
      Metal, forest, chemicalproducts
    • EconomyNow
      Main companies
      (a quarter of Finland's exports in 2003)
      (elevators)
      (airline)
      (largestpapermanufacturer in the world)
    • EconomyNow
      Exports 2005
      Russia 11,0 %
      Sweden 10,8 %
      Germany 10,6 %
      UK 6,7 %
      USA 5,8 %
      Netherlands 4,8 %
      France 3,4 %
      • Imports 2005
      Germany 14,9 %
      Russia 14,0 %
      Sweden 10,5 %
      China 6,0 %
      UK 4,5 %
      USA 4,2 %
      Netherlands 4,0 %
    • Taxation
      The middle income worker suffers from a nearly 60% tax wedge
      Capital gains tax and corporate tax are 26%, about the EU median
      Those with capital holdings are able to exploit the gap between 60% and 26%  increasing inequality
      Alcoholic beverages are separately taxed and highly restricted
       Much of the taxes are spent on public sector employees, many of which are jobs-for-life and amount to 124,000 state employees and 430,000 municipal employees  sustainable? (Finland’s population only 5,2m)
    • Demographics
      PopulationStructureForecast
    • Demographics
      Foreigners in Finland
    • Employment
      Workforcecurrently67,5% of the population
      Unemploymentrate 7,3% (192 000)
      Unemployedbetweenages 15-24: ~40 000
      Baby boomers (bornafter WWII) willretire in the nextfewyears, whichshouldease the situation
    • GenderEquality
      Finland a pioneer
      In 1906, Finland became the first country in Europe to give women the right to vote in national elections and the first country in the world to give them right to be electoral candidates
      Most women (83%) mainly work full time
      Extensive system of public childcare
      The pay gap between men and women in Finland (20%) is, however, above the OECD average
      The president since 2000 has been a woman
    • Media Usage
      Conclusions: Total timespent on media similaracross
      generationssimilar, buttype of medium useddifferrent
      - e.g. internet vs. radio
    • Internet Usage (2008)
      Daily Internet users 66 % (16-74y)
      70 % read online magazines
      87 % of Internet users used online banking services
      80 % of even the 60-74 age group banked online!
      Young, well-educated persons living in the capital region or large towns most likely to follow politics online
      Conclusions:
      Elderlyuse Internet but for conveniencereasons, not for entertainment orcommunication. Willtheyfollow the younger in Internet habits?
      2. Young have
      a new way of becomingpolitical: theystillhaveopinions
      but a different forum to express themselvesthanthosepreviousgenerationsareused to.
    • Education
      Egalitarian Nordic system, no tuition fees for full-time students
      However, there are plans to introduce tuition fees to students from outside the European Union
      In the OECD's international assessment of student performance Finland has consistently been among the highest scorers worldwide
      Over 45% of 25-34 year olds have higher education
      - On average, ittakes 13 years for someonewithhighereducation to achieveworker’saveragesalary Is itworthstudying?
      - Toomanyacademicallyeducated?
    • Status Symbols
      Professional competence
      Building yourownwealth
      Good general knowledge, inc. languageskills
      Stablerelationship to closestfamilymembers
      Personalstyle
       NOTimportant:
      • Leadership
      • Bought beauty (plasticsurgeries, furs etc.)
      • Having a youngerpartner
      • Going to church
    • ”Exceptional” ConsumpitonPatterns
      Coffee
       10 kg per annum per capita consumption level, the highest in the world.
      Ice Cream
      annual ice cream consumption is the highest in Europe: 13.5 litres per capita
      Alcohol
      High consumption of strong spirits compared to wine 
       the tendency in Finnish drinking culture to maximiseintoxication.
    • Otherculturalcuriosities
      Tradition of Violence
      Finns have fourth most firearms in the world per capita (right after US, Yemen, Switzerland)
      High level of domestic violence
      Twoschoolshootings in oneyear (’07-’08), 19 killed
      Twice the Western average of manslaughters
      2,000 Finns died of alcohol-related causes in 2005
       Leading cause of death
    • References
      Wikipedia
      http://www.saarijarvi.fi/en/tourist_information/sights_and_attractions/stone-age_village/?id=2046
      http://www.stat.fi/tup/suoluk/suoluk_vaesto.html
      http://www.stat.fi/til/tyti/2009/09/tyti_2009_09_2009-10-20_tie_001_fi.html
      http://www.stat.fi/til/jvie/2008/jvie_2008_2009-05-11_tie_001_en.html
      http://www.wikigender.org/index.php/Gender_Equality_in_Finland
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_in_Finland
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7630969.stm
      http://www.uusisuomi.fi/nakokulmat/jarmovirmavirta/vakivallan-perinne
      http://www.tieke.fi/?x10915=25881
      http://www.hs.fi/english/article/Nordic+alcohol+survey+Sales+of+strong+spirits+highest+in+Finland/1076153389122
      http://www.tieke.fi/?x10915=25881