Local community processes and governance structures – may impact implementation and planning because of requirements that may be unfamiliar to donors & local communities that are less experienced with international donors
Project cycle and notions of time – communities may be thinking about much longer or shorter time frames for implementation and planning based on traditional knowledge and beliefs
Language – use of indigenous language, concepts, and terminologies – may be needed to share information with the broader community and guarantee quality implementation
Often indigenous communities focus on the minimization of production surplus – and emphasize subsistence – very different from standard development goals
Rapid responses to outside factors and some flexibility needed – because of extreme poverty in indigenous communities external factors may profoundly impact a project during the approval and implementation stages (impact of natural disasters disproportionate, land invasions=displacement, extreme poverty=migration)
Collaboration with other donors intervening in a community to coordinate actions can identify synergies between projects and strengthen outcomes.
Consider working directly with indigenous communities when possible, and when not possible consider capacity building opportunities for indigenous peoples during project implementation. Some concerns about dependency on second-tier civil society organizations – increasing local capacity is a way of establishing a long-term pipeline of potential projects and partners