Indigenous Peoples and Development

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Indigenous Peoples and Development

  1. 1. Indigenous Peoples & Development Judith Morrison Speaker Notes November 19, 2009 Diversity Conference Roundtable 3
  2. 2. Indigenous Peoples <ul><li>40 – 50 million people </li></ul><ul><li>8 - 10% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult socio-economic conditions – poorest of the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Represent 50%+ of the population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolivia, Guatemala, Peru </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Countries: Large Populations <ul><li>Percentage of Indigenous Peoples by country – percentage of the total national population </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia – 71% </li></ul><ul><li>Guatemala – 66% </li></ul><ul><li>Peru – 47% </li></ul><ul><li>Ecuador – 43% </li></ul><ul><li>Belize – 19% </li></ul><ul><li>Honduras – 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico – 14% </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gaps <ul><li>Poverty rates for indigenous peoples above 80% in countries such as Guatemala, Mexico, Ecuador </li></ul><ul><li>Education gaps of 2-4 years in Bolivia, Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador (represents some improvement from previous data sets) </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous women highest illiteracy rates and lowest enrollment rates </li></ul><ul><li>Economies could expand their GDPs by as much as 36.7 % with the elimination of indigenous and African descendent labor market exclusion – Bolivia, Guatemala, Peru, Brazil </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Project Design Considerations <ul><li>Local community processes and governance structures – may impact implementation and planning because of requirements that may be unfamiliar to donors & local communities that are less experienced with international donors </li></ul><ul><li>Project cycle and notions of time – communities may be thinking about much longer or shorter time frames for implementation and planning based on traditional knowledge and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Language – use of indigenous language, concepts, and terminologies – may be needed to share information with the broader community and guarantee quality implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Often indigenous communities focus on the minimization of production surplus – and emphasize subsistence – very different from standard development goals </li></ul>
  6. 6. Project Design Considerations (continued) <ul><li>Rapid responses to outside factors and some flexibility needed – because of extreme poverty in indigenous communities external factors may profoundly impact a project during the approval and implementation stages (impact of natural disasters disproportionate, land invasions=displacement, extreme poverty=migration) </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with other donors intervening in a community to coordinate actions can identify synergies between projects and strengthen outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider working directly with indigenous communities when possible, and when not possible consider capacity building opportunities for indigenous peoples during project implementation. Some concerns about dependency on second-tier civil society organizations – increasing local capacity is a way of establishing a long-term pipeline of potential projects and partners </li></ul><ul><li>END </li></ul>

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