Open Source CMS Playroom

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  • 1. Open Source Content Management Systems Karen A. Coombs Amanda Hollister
  • 2. What is Open Source Software • “free” software • source code is available for you to examine • Source code can be modified • Modifications can be redistributed • Typically developed in a collaborative fashion by many people
  • 3. What is a CMS • Content Management System • System for creating, organizing and publishing web content • Create web content without knowing any code • Content stored in database back-end and edited/ create with web-programming language
  • 4. Why use a CMS • Can focus on site organization not content management • Can give others ability to update their own content • One install can manage 10,000,000 html pages • Easy off-site access
  • 5. What are some OSS CMS? • Wordpress • Joomla • Drupal • ModX • Concrete5 • Plone
  • 6. What will we cover? • Joomla • Wordpress • Drupal
  • 7. Wordpress as CMS • PHP and MySQL Backend • Used by many libraries for blogging • Some libraries are using it for some CMS functions: • Atchison Public Library, California State University East Bay, Dartmouth Public Libraries, Millsaps College Library, Park County Library, Patagonia Public Library, Stevens Memorial Library
  • 8. Wordpress Pages • Outside the normal “sequence” of blog • Typically, content input via a WYSIWYG editor • Can be hierarchical • Can use different templates • Page order
  • 9. Making a Page Your Homepage • Settings • Reading • Front page displays • Choose the page you want to be your homepage from the drop down • Make another page your “news” page
  • 10. Themes • In choosing a theme you should consider the following: • what kind of banner do you want? • where do you want your site navigation to appear? • what kinds of layouts do you want to use, one column, two column, three column? • do you want a fixed or scalable layout? • Sources for Themes • http://wordpress.org/extend/themes/ • http://www.templatesbrowser.com/wordpress-themes/
  • 11. Basic Theme Structure • index.php • style.css • header.php • footer.php • sidebar.php • comments.php • comments-popup.php
  • 12. Customizing Your Theme • Widgets • Template Tags • Conditional Tags
  • 13. Widgets • What is a widget? • Default Widgets • Archives, Calendar, Categories, Links, Meta, Pages, Recent Comments, Recent Posts, RSS, Search, Tag Cloud, and Text
  • 14. Widgets • Where to get other widgets • http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/tags/widget • Other widgets to consider • Flexi Pages Widget, Category Posts Widget
  • 15. Key Template Tags • wp_list_pages() • Post tags - need to sit in the Loop • the_title() • the_content() • the_meta() • the_category() • the_tags() • wp_list_bookmarks()
  • 16. Helpful Conditional Tags • is_front_page() • is_page() • can include or exclude pages • no conditional tag to test for subpages • is_page_template() • can check to see if a specific page template is being used • is_home() - posts page, which is typically the site home
  • 17. Custom Fields • Allows you to add additional fields to pages or posts • Key - Value pairs • Stored as text in database • Can be displayed using <?php the_meta(); ?> • Better way is to code to display each field <?php $key="mykey"; echo get_post_meta($post->ID, $key, true); ?>
  • 18. Useful Plugins • Blogroll Links • Google Maps for Wordpress • Inline Feed • OpenBook Book Data • Widget Logic • Event Calendar 3
  • 19. Advanced Techniques and Tricks • MeeboMe in your sidebar • Creating a Photo Gallery • NexGen Gallery plugin • Scriblio plugin
  • 20. Scriblio • Plugin for Wordpress • Import MARC records • Use as NextGen Catalog • Catalog digital library objects
  • 21. Wordpress Strengths • Easy to use • Lots of plugins available • Easy to create new themes of modify existing themes • Large user base
  • 22. Wordpress Issues • Can’t easily create custom content types • Contact Info • Lacks flexibility to deal with complex types of objects with different types of fields out of the box • Customizing display of group of page/posts requires knowledge of PHP
  • 23. Drupal as CMS • PHP and MySQL backend • Strongly recommend using PHP5 • Used by a variety of libraries including • Darien Public Library, Athens County Public Library, McMasters University Library, University of Prince Edward Island
  • 24. Making a Page Your Homepage • By default Drupal displays the most recent “nodes” added as the homepage • You can override this by going to • Administer > Site configuration > Site Information • Change the “Default front page” field to be the node you want to be your homepage
  • 25. Themes • http://drupal.org/project/Themes • http://drupal2u.com • http://mydrupal.com/downloads
  • 26. Modules to Add • FCKEditor • IMCE • Image • Event
  • 27. Modules to Add • CCK • Date, URL, Email • Contact Form • MultiBlock • Token • Views • View Reference
  • 28. Content Types • Pages • Stories • Image
  • 29. Blocks • Default Blocks • Can be made to display on certain page • include • exclude • PHP
  • 30. Blocks • Custom Blocks • HTML • PHP code • Views
  • 31. Menus • Primary Links • Secondary Links • Navigation • Menus you create
  • 32. Taxonomies • Used to organize content on your site • Categories • Tags • Can be hierarchical, or free-form • Different taxonomies can be used for different content types
  • 33. Feed Aggregator • Does more than aggregate feeds • Creates a block for every feed • Allows you to embed feed in a node • Need to give Anonymous user permission to access feeds
  • 34. Image gallery • Create Galleries • Uploaded Images can be associated with a gallery
  • 35. CCK • Add new fields to any Content Type • Control the type of field added • Text, Number • Date, Email, URL • CCK fields can be used in views • Remember to give Anonymous user permission to access fields you create
  • 36. Create Your Own Content Type • Links • URL field • Staff • Email field
  • 37. Views • Types • Page • Block • Feed • Display • Node or Fields • Limit criteria • Sort Criteria
  • 38. Filters • Default filters • Other filters often classified as “Modules” • insert_view
  • 39. Drupal Strengths • Exceptional Flexibility • Easy to create new content types • Substantial user base particularly in libraries • Drupal4Lib • SOPAC • Drupal + Fedora • Drupal for Digital Libraries - McMasters
  • 40. Drupal Issues • Some modules are buggy and problematic • High learning curve • Not as many modules and filters developed as one would like • library-related modules in particular missing in some areas
  • 41. Choices, choices • Wordpress is best for small sites; has an easy start up • Joomla is best for medium sites, average complexity, relatively easy UI • Drupal can handle multiple, large, complex sites
  • 42. Lessons Learned • Learning a CMS takes time • Important to map out your site’s content to know what modules, widgets need to be installed • Need to decide how you want your site to look in order to choose an appropriate theme • Understand each CMS’s strengths and limitations