Travels Of Ibn Battuta


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Travels Of Ibn Battuta

  1. 1. Travels of Ibn Battuta A 75,000 mile travel of 44 countries. By: Caleb Cisneros
  2. 2. Travel maps Battuta was born in Tangier and left for his long journey at twenty- one years old. He set off for the pilgrimage to Mecca. He crossed the continent Africa and reached Cairo the capital of Egypt. Battuta travel’s included crossing through the Mamluk Empire. Battuta left from Cairo down to ‘Aydhab to go sightseeing, then came back up to Damascus then down to Mecca where he made his pilgrimage. Instead of going home he thought of adventure and headed to Persia for an even longer tourist travel.
  3. 3. Dangers of the African Desert Some of the dangers that Battuta encountered were: • Camel robbers- Battuta said, “The Divine Will diverted them and prevented them from doing us harm.” • Disease • Lack of food and water • Heat flashes during the day and severe cold during the night.
  4. 4. Amazing sights on Battuta’s travels One of the things he saw was the Pharaoh’s Lighthouse. It is one of the ancient wonders of the world. He also saw the pyramids in Egypt, which is another wonder of the ancient world. Battuta was amazed with these pyramids. The Dome of the Rock is considered to be the third holiest place in Islam. One prayer here is equivalent to 500 times the prayers in any other mosque except for the Haram Mosque in Mecca and the Prophet's (An-Nabawi) Mosque in Medina. It was built in 687 A.C. by Caliph Abd al-Malik.
  5. 5. Ibn Battuta travel summary • Ibn Battuta travels overland from Algiers to Tunis • Ibn Battuta leaves Tunis with the annual pilgrim caravan to Mecca • He arrives at Alexandria • He leaves for Cairo via Damietta • He leaves Cairo to Syria and Jerusalem • He leaves Jerusalem to Damascus • He leaves Damascus with caravan to Mecca • He visits Medina’s holy sites. • He made his travel from Medina to Mecca • Instead of going home Battuta heads for a life of adventure, so he starts his new travel into Baghdad to Persia, though he will return to Mecca three more times. • He returns to Mecca with the Baghdad pilgrim’s caravan. • Ibn Battuta leaves Mecca for the port of Jedda and a voyage down the Red Sea to Yemen • Ibn Battuta travels on to Ta'izz and San'a • Ibn Battuta sails along the east coast of Africa • Then he sails to Mombasa • Ibn Battuta returns to Yemen • He arrives in Oman • Ibn Battuta Came into the city of Hormuz, then by land and crossed a desert to get to Khunjubal
  6. 6. Travel summary continued • Ibn Battuta arrives in Jedda then leaves for Mecca to escape from the Bubonic plague. • He stayed in Mecca for four months. With death all around him he felt that he should go home. • He left from Mecca to Egypt then took a small boat and went to Tunisia, where he traveled over land. • He arrived at Tenes and he went overland to Morocco, here he learned that his mother had died several months earlier. • He arrived in Tangier and visited his mother’s grave. But restless again he went to the city of Ceuta. • Sailing from Morocco, Ibn Battuta lands in Gibraltar and travels to Ronda • Ibn Battuta arrives in Granada • Ibn Battuta leaves Andalusia and returns to Morocco • Ibn Battuta prepares to cross the Sahara • Ibn Battuta reaches the Niger river, which he mistakenly believes to be the Nile • Ibn Battuta arrives at the city of Mali and spends eight months their to make observations. • He leaves Mali and arrives in Timbuktu • He leaves Timbuktu for Gogo • The sultan of Morocco ordered him to come back to Morocco • He last arrived in Fez ending his 29 year journey.
  7. 7. Timeline _____________________________________________________________________ 1304 1325 1327 1331 ______________________________________________________________________ 1333 1350 1351-3 1368(or1369) Ibn Battuta is born in Tangier Battuta makes pilgrimage to Mecca Battuta travels through Persia Battuta travels Africa's east cost Battuta visits Anatolia Battuta travels to Al-Andalus and through Morocco Battuta travels through the Sahara Desert and moves on to Mali Battuta dies; he is believed to be buried in Tangier.
  8. 8. Important people on Battuta’s journey • Sultan of Tabriz, Persia. • Sultan of Yemen • Sultan of Somalia • Abu'l-Muzaffar Hasan, the sultan of Kulwa • Abu Muhammad, the sultan of Oman • Sultan of Birgi, who shows him an asteroid • Sultan of Bursa, Orkhan Bek • Uzbeg Khan
  9. 9. Foods that he ate on his travels • Millet • Dates • Figs • Prunes • Raisins • Apricots • Bananas • Fish • Sheep • Goats • Buffalo milk • Sea fowl • Grapes • Fried chickens • Bread • Meat • Sweetmeats • Cherries • Oranges • Chickpeas • Fava beans • Onions • Garlic • Lettuce • Eggplant • Cucumbers
  10. 10. Main conclusion • Ibn Battuta traveled 75,000 miles, three times longer than Marco Polo. • He spent 29 years on this journey • He met many rulers • He faced death many times yet he still lived • In my opinion he was the greatest traveler in the world.
  11. 11. Credits • -ibnbattuta.html • ibn_battuta • /Ibn_Battuta_Rihla.html • • Google Images