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Travels Of Ibn Battuta

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    Travels Of Ibn Battuta Travels Of Ibn Battuta Presentation Transcript

    • Travels of Ibn Battuta
      A 75,000 mile travel of 44 countries.
      By: Caleb Cisneros
    • Travel maps
      Battuta was born in Tangier and left for his long journey at twenty-one years old. He set off for the pilgrimage to Mecca. He crossed the continent Africa and reached Cairo the capital of Egypt.
      Battuta travel’s included crossing through the Mamluk
      Empire.
      Battuta left from Cairo down to ‘Aydhab to go sightseeing, then came back up to Damascus then down to Mecca where he made his pilgrimage. Instead of going home he thought of adventure and headed to Persia for an even longer tourist travel.
    • Dangers of the African Desert
      Some of the dangers that Battuta encountered
      were:
      Camel robbers- Battuta said, “The Divine Will diverted them and prevented them from doing us harm.”
      Disease
      Lack of food and water
      Heat flashes during the day and severe cold during the night.
    • Amazing sights on Battuta’s travels
      One of the things he saw was the Pharaoh’s
      Lighthouse. It is one of the ancient wonders of the world.
      The Dome of the Rock is considered to be the third holiest place in Islam. One prayer here is equivalent to 500 times the prayers in any other mosque except for the Haram Mosque in Mecca and the Prophet's (An-Nabawi) Mosque in Medina. It was built in 687 A.C. by Caliph Abd al-Malik.
      He also saw the pyramids in Egypt, which is another wonder of the ancient world. Battuta was amazed with these pyramids.
    • Ibn Battuta travel summary
      Ibn Battuta travels overland from Algiers to Tunis
      Ibn Battuta leaves Tunis with the annual pilgrim caravan to Mecca
      He arrives at Alexandria
      He leaves for Cairo via Damietta
      He leaves Cairo to Syria and Jerusalem
      He leaves Jerusalem to Damascus
      He leaves Damascus with caravan to Mecca
      He visits Medina’s holy sites.
      He made his travel from Medina to Mecca
      Instead of going home Battuta heads for a life of adventure, so he starts his new travel into Baghdad to Persia, though he will return to Mecca three more times.
      He returns to Mecca with the Baghdad pilgrim’s caravan.
      Ibn Battuta leaves Mecca for the port of Jedda and a voyage down the Red Sea to Yemen
      Ibn Battuta travels on to Ta'izz and San'a
      Ibn Battuta sails along the east coast of Africa
      Then he sails to Mombasa
      Ibn Battuta returns to Yemen
      He arrives in Oman
      Ibn Battuta Came into the city of Hormuz, then by land and crossed a desert to get to Khunjubal
    • Travel summary continued
      Ibn Battuta arrives in Jedda then leaves for Mecca to escape from the Bubonic plague.
      He stayed in Mecca for four months. With death all around him he felt that he should go home.
      He left from Mecca to Egypt then took a small boat and went to Tunisia, where he traveled over land.
      He arrived at Tenes and he went overland to Morocco, here he learned that his mother had died several months earlier.
      He arrived in Tangier and visited his mother’s grave. But restless again he went to the city of Ceuta.
      Sailing from Morocco, Ibn Battuta lands in Gibraltar and travels to Ronda
      Ibn Battuta arrives in Granada
      Ibn Battuta leaves Andalusia and returns to Morocco
      Ibn Battuta prepares to cross the Sahara
      Ibn Battuta reaches the Niger river, which he mistakenly believes to be the Nile
      Ibn Battuta arrives at the city of Mali and spends eight months their to make observations.
      He leaves Mali and arrives in Timbuktu
      He leaves Timbuktu for Gogo
      The sultan of Morocco ordered him to come back to Morocco
      He last arrived in Fez ending his 29 year journey.
    • Timeline
      Battuta travels through Persia
      Battuta travels Africa's east cost
      Ibn Battuta is born in Tangier
      Battuta makes pilgrimage to Mecca
      _____________________________________________________________________
      1304 1325 1327 1331
      Battuta dies; he is believed to be buried in Tangier.
      Battuta travels through the Sahara Desert and moves on to Mali
      Battuta travels to Al-Andalus and through Morocco
      Battuta visits Anatolia
      ______________________________________________________________________
      1333 1350 1351-3 1368(or1369)
    • Important people on Battuta’s journey
      Sultan of Tabriz, Persia.
      Sultan of Yemen
      Sultan of Somalia
      Abu'l-MuzaffarHasan, the sultan of Kulwa
      Abu Muhammad, the sultan of Oman
      Sultan of Birgi, who shows him an asteroid
      Sultan of Bursa, OrkhanBek
      Uzbeg Khan
    • Foods that he ate on his travels
      Millet
      Dates
      Figs
      Prunes
      Raisins
      Apricots
      Bananas
      Fish
      Sheep
      Goats
      Buffalo milk
      Sea fowl
      Grapes
      Fried chickens
      Bread
      Meat
      Sweetmeats
      Cherries
      Oranges
      Chickpeas
      Fava beans
      Onions
      Garlic
      Lettuce
      Eggplant
      Cucumbers
    • Main conclusion
      Ibn Battuta traveled 75,000 miles, three times longer than Marco Polo.
      He spent 29 years on this journey
      He met many rulers
      He faced death many times yet he still lived
      In my opinion he was the greatest traveler in the world.
    • Credits
      http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/1354-ibnbattuta.html
      http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/ibn_battuta
      /Ibn_Battuta_Rihla.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mamluk_Empire
      Google Images