Singapore Overview
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Singapore Overview

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Brief introduction to Singapore. Includes food, language, religion, Michael Fay, Singlish, political quotes, location, statistics.

Brief introduction to Singapore. Includes food, language, religion, Michael Fay, Singlish, political quotes, location, statistics.

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  • Great to see the activity on this slide deck, I will be updating the economic stats to reflect a new article that just appeared in Business Week that ranks Singapore as #1 for Innovation.

    This is strictly something I put together as a private individual and does not reflect the opinions of any Singapore company or government body.
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    Singapore Overview Singapore Overview Presentation Transcript

    • Republic of Singapore Island/Nation/City
    • Singapore: Location in SE Asia Size of Rhode Island
    • Location and Population
      • Island/Nation/City at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 3 degrees north of the Equator, tropical climate
      • Near Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand at the crossroads of trade, navigation
      • Population of 3.8 million on area the size of Rhode Island
      • Diverse, multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-cultural populace
    • Government
      • Former British Colony, separated from Malaysia in 1965
      • Member of the United Nations, currently a non-voting member of the UN Security Council
      • Parliamentary system of government based on the West, Prime Minister, Supreme Court, President
      • Government and Business use English
    • Media - Asian hub for foreign tv, newspapers, magazines, newswires which relocated from Hong Kong after 1997. - Most of MTV’s viewers are in Asia (over 500 million)
    • Singapore Consumer Culture
    • Laws
      • Strict laws, little drugs, no guns, low crime
      • Death penalty for dealing drugs
      • Chewing gum sales banned for years, now allowed.
      • Strict laws make Singapore the safest city in Asia
      • Strict laws make Singapore attractive to 30,000 Americans and over 400,000 expatriates
    • Do Strict Laws = Quality of Life?
      • Rated as the #1 Quality of Life in Asia ahead of Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, and Hong Kong
      • Ranked ahead of London and New York in Quality of Life ( Economist )
      • Top rated infrastructure in air, sea, telecommunications
      • K-12 Education System ranked #1 or #2 in international math and science testing
    • Business Environment
    • Profitable Place for Investors
    • World Competitiveness
    • Other world rankings
    • Michael Fay
      • Michael Fay was given 4 months jail and 6 strokes of the cane
      • President Clinton requested concern so Fay was given a 33% discount
      • Ed Koch, Mayor of New York “Bring back caning in US”
      • Usual stereotypes about “Oriental Torture”
    • Michael Fay - what the US media left out
      • 9 foreign students arrested for vandalizing 67 cars, one which belonged to a member of Singapore’s Supreme Court
      • A student from Hong Kong got 8 months jail and 12 strokes of the cane)
      • Singapore laws allow caning for vandalism (there is little vandalism in Singapore)
    • Michael Fay - the inside story
      • The Hong Kong student kept his mouth shut, did his jail time, got in good physical shape, and went to study law in England
      • Michael Fay went back to America, punched his father, and was arrested for drug possession
    • Why is Singapore Relevant to the USA?
      • U.S.-Singapore trade supports over 220,000 export-related American jobs
      • Singapore is the 11th largest U.S. export market worldwide
      • Gateway to 500 million consumers in ASEAN (nations of Southeast Asia)
    • Relevance to USA continued
      • Over 1500 American companies operate in Singapore today, with over 300 of these having made Singapore their regional Asia Pacific headquarters.
    • Understanding Singapore
      • Diverse, multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-cultural populace developed as a result of Singapore’s free trade status since the 1800’s which attracted immigrants
      • No natural resources, information economy
      • Singapore is run like a corporation and depends on global trade
    • US Chamber of Commerce
      • “ Singapore operates the world’s busiest port. Singapore’s participation in free trade agreements allow US companies to effectively use Singapore as a regional hub and manufacturing center.”
    • 2003 Free Trade Agreement
      • “ The US-Singapore Free Trade Agreement will be America’s first free trade agreement with an Asian country. It will have historical ramifications and it will send a strong signal that the United States intends to remain heavily engaged in Asia for a long time to come in business, economics, security and international politics.”
    • Media - No censorship of foreign media but circulation requires a license and can be restricted. - Domestic media is government owned, local newspapers tend to “self-censor”
    • Singapore: Ethnic Groups
      • Chinese - majority; 76%, largest Chinese city outside China [but not part of China!]
      • Malay, 14% - indigenous islanders
      • Indian, 8% - traders, merchants
      • Others - mixed Asian-European ancestry
    •  
    • Singapore: 4 Official Languages
      • English: Standard and Colloquial/Singlish
      • Mandarin , various dialects: Cantonese,
      • Hokkien, Teochewz
      • Malay: Bahasa, Arabic (Islamic Studies)
      • Tamil
    • Singlish: Features
      • Pragmatic particles - ah, lah, what. example: Prisoners also go on tour, ah?
      • Verb groups with out subjects - example: Fall down, got then blood!
    • Non-English Root Words
      • Singapura - Malay name for Singapore - Singa = Lion and pura = city
      • Ice Kachang - Malay dessert of shaved ice topped with syrup, nuts (kachang), sweet corn and bits of jello
      • Ketchup - from Malay word kecap
    • When is Singlish Used?
      • Taxi from airport - possibly Singlish
      • Arrive at the Ritz - Standard English
      • Government office – Standard English
      • TV - local; imported – American, British,
      • & Singlish
    • Phua Chu Kang Pte. Ltd.
    • Description of PCK
      • Local caricature--verges on being a hick by Singapore standards
      • Stereotype -- high-school educated and in remodelling (contracting) business
      • Appearance: permed hair, pinkie nail, dress
      • Situations portrayed mirror social, cultural life of large segment of population
    • Singlish Usage: Controversy
      • Use widens in mainstream television, radio broadcasts - example PCK Pte. Ltd.
      • Becomes defining thread of Singapore identity
      • Government cracks down on Singlish use
    • Singlish or Standard English?
      • College-educated individuals can switch seamlessly between Standard English and Colloquial English
      • The average ‘man in the street’ cannot determine proper use of these two varieties of English
      • Worrisome trend of low proficiency in command of English, speak Good English campaign
    • Singapore Food
      • Chinese (Hong Kong, Taiwan, South China)
      • Malaysian
      • Indian (north and south)
      • Indonesian
      • Thai
      • Japanese, Korean
    • Chicken Rice - Chinese
    • Bee Hoon - rice noodles, veggies, shrimp, eggs (shiok!)
    • Steamboat - fish, shrimp, tofu, vegetables, ginger, hot pepper
    • Ice Kachang - shaved ice, sweet condensed milk, jello bits, corn, beans
    • Laksa - (Malay-Straits Chinese dish) spicy noodle soup, eggs, lime
    • Satay - Malay (meat on a stick), peanut sauce
    • Lee Kuan Yew
      • Senior Prime Minister and founder of modern Singapore
      • Respected for modernizing Singapore
    • Lee Kuan Yew
      • “ You think, or you say, that we are too authoritarian. We … say this excessive respect for the individual, at the expense of the community, has brought a great deal of social disruption, pain on the public, insecurity, loss of a sense of well-being”
    • Lee Kuan Yew on Michael Fay
      • “ We don’t deal with criminal behavior the way Americans do. We don’t have the concept of ‘victim of society’ either in the Chinese, Malay, or Tamil language.”