Experimental method
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Experimental method

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Experimental method Experimental method Presentation Transcript

  • Izk;ksxkRed fof/kIzk;ksxkRed fof/kvk/kkjHkwr oSKkfud fof/kgSA bldk euksfoKku rFkk vU;foKkuksa esa dsUnh; LFkkugSA tkWap iMrky dh lHkhfof/k;ksa esa izks;ksxkRedfof/k dks O;ogkj dk v/;;udjus dh lcls vf/kdfodlhr]vkSipkfjd] kq)]fo oluh;]oS’ ’
  • iz;ksxkRed fof/k dkvFkZ• iz;ksxkRed fof/k dh ifjHkk"kkdl iz;ksx dh ifjHkk"kk esafufgr gSA iz;ksx ds vxzsthkCn Experiment dh mRifr ykrhuhkCn experimentstion ls gqbZ gS ftldk vFkZ gS ^ifj{k.k* ;k tWakpA
  • ifjHkk"kk• ,Q-,l- pSifyu dk fopkj]^^ iz;ksxfu;fU=r ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa fd;k x;kvoyksdu gSA**• tgksMk dk fopkj]^^ iz;ksx izkddYiukds ijh{k.k djua dh ,d fof/k gSA• QSfLVxj dk fopkj]^^iz;ksx ds lkjdks ,d fuHkZj pj ij ,d LorU= pj dsizHkko dk voyksdu djus ds #i esaof.kZr fd;kk tk ldrk gSA**
  • m)s ;’• dk;Z rFkk dkj.k dk lEcU/kns[kukA• O;ogkj rFkk mlds mu fl)kUrksdk v/;;u djuk ftudh lgk;rk lsO;ogkj dks le>k tk ldsA• Izk.kh ds vkrfjd ifjorZuks dkv/;;u djukA• rF;ks dh O;k[;k rFkk ekin.MdjukA• euksfoKkfud rF;ka dss Kku
  • iz;ksxkRed fof/k dspj.k• leL;k1igys fd, dk;Z dh iqujko`frZ djdA2orZeku dk;Z dk xgu v/;;u djdsA3fo ks"kKksa ls fopkj foe kZ’ ’djds A4lEcf/kr lkfgR; dk v/;;u djdsA5vius vuqHkoks ds vk/kkj ij A• lEcfU/kr lkfgR; dk v/;;u&
  • •ifjdYiuk dk fuekZ.k&ifdYiuk nks ;k vf/kd pjks dsdk;Z{ke lEcU/kksa dk ijh{k.kdjus ;ksX; dFku gSA ifjdYiuk cukysus ls iz;ksx dh leL;k lqfuf pr’gks tkrh gSA• i;ksT; fo"k;h@iz;ksT; og yksx gS ftu ij iz;ksaxfd;k tkrk gSA iz;ksx esa lHkhiz;ksT; fofHkUu kkjhfjd ,aoekufld ;ksX;rkvksa dh nqf"V lekugksrs gSA
  • pj1LorU pj=2vkfJr pjiz;ksxkRed fMtkbZupjks ds izfjHkkf"kr djus dsckn iz;ksaxdrkZ iz;ksx dsfy, ;kstuk rS;kj djrk gSAiz;ksx ds fy, dbZ izdkj dsfMtkbZuksa vFkok;kstukvksa dk iz;ksx fd;k
  • midj.k rFkk lexzhiz;ksx drkZ iz;ksx esa ftumidj.kksa dk iz;ksx drkZ gS mudk l ksi esa fooj.k nsrk gSA{fu;U .k=lHkh izdkj ds dkjdks dksfu;U .k esa djds tc iz;ksx drkZ=leL;k ls lEcfU kr vkdM ksa/ +dk ladyu djrk gSA rc kq)oSKkfud vkdM sa izkIr gksrs+gSA fu;U .k djus ds fy,=fofHkUu izdkj dh fof k;ka/miyC k gS ftudh lgk;rk ls/ ]
  • funsZuiz;ksxdrkZ iz;ksT;ks ds fy,funsZ’k fuf’pr djrk gS dhiz;ksT; ds iz;ksx ls lEcfU kr/dk;Z usus ds fy, D;k&D;kfunsZ’ku nsus gSAfof k/tc iz;ksxdrkZ mijksDr lHkhckrs fuf’pr dj ysrk gSvkdM sa ,df r dj ysus ds ckn+ =mudk lkj.kh;u djrk gSA
  • Ifj.kkefMtkbZu ds vuqlkj mPp lkfjR;dh;fof k;ksa kjk vkdM ksa dk/ } +fo’ys"k.k djrs gSA ckSj lkf ;dh;[fo’ys"k.k ds vk kkj ij ifj.kke Kkr dj/ysrs gSAppkZ ,ao lkekU;hdj.kIfj.kkeksa ds vk kkj ij ifjdYiuk dh/tkap djrs gS vkSj fu"d"kZ fudkyysrs gS leL;k ls lEcf kr dkjdksa/ij Hkh izdk’k Mkyrs gSA vUresa lekU;dj.k esa ;g ns krs gS fd[izkIr ifj.kke dgk rd lkekU; turk ijykxq gksrs gSA
  • iz;ksxkRed fjiksZVfy kus fd fof k[ /• kh"kZd• lkfgR;d losZ k.k{• leL;k• ifjdYiuk• pj• midj.k• O;ogkj• pjksa dk fu;U .k=• fMtkbZu• iz;ksT;• Izk;ksfxd izfd;k• Ifj.kke• vUr n’kZuh; fjiksZV%• vkdM ksa dk eqY;kdu+• fu"d"kZ ,ao lkekU;hdj.k• lnZHk
  • ykHk vFkok egRo• fo’oluh; ,ao lR;• cgqeq kh ,ao oSKkfud[• lkoZHkkSfedrk O;kid mi;ksx• l ;kRed ekiu[• iwoZ ;kstuk• Nksgjkuk• Tkap• Hfo";ok.kh• ifjdYiuk ijh k.k dh LoksZre fof k{ /• izrh k dh vko’;drk ugh{• le; dh cpr• fu;U .k ifjfLFkfr;ka=• leL;kvksa dk lek kku/• f’k kk esa mi;ksfxrk{
  • iz;ksxkRed fof k dh/qfV;ka=• yEch gS vkSj le; Hkh v khd yxrk gSA/• ;g fof k cgqr egxh gSA/• pjksa dks fu;U r ugh fd;k tk ldrkA=• iz;ks’kkyk dh voLFkkvksa esa cukoVhiugksrk gSA• dqN voLFkkvksa dks iz;ksx’kkyk esamRiu djuk dfBu gSA• ,d O;fdr dk nqljs kjk v.;;u fd;k tkrk)gSA• vUrfuZjh k.k vkSj voyksdu esa le; vkSj{LFkku dh dksbZ ck kk ughA/• bl fof k dh O;ogkfjdrk lhfer gSA/• dHkh&2 vjkspDrk ds dkj.k iz;ksT;iz;ksxdrkZ ds dk;Z esa ph ugh ysrkA#• bl fof k ds dkj.k iz;ksfxd izfd;k tfVy/gks tkrh gSA• pjks dk Lo i thou fLFkfr;ksa ij#
  • fu"d"kZ;|kfi iz;ksxkRed fof/k esa cgqrlh =qVh;k gSA ijUrq fQj Hkh ;gf k{kk euksfoKku dh lHkh’kk[kkvksa rFkk f k{kk ds’fofHkUu igyqvksa esa cgqrykHkizn gSAfVpuj us dgk gS&^iz;ksxkRedvUrnZ ku loksZRe euksfoKku’fof/k gSSA
  • /kU;koknA