Introduction to computer in Hindi By Pawan Thakur

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Introduction to computer in Hindi By Pawan Thakur

  1. 1. Lakx.kd dh ljapuk dk;Z ,oa 'kks/k esa vuqiz;ksx dh foospuk
  2. 2.  euq"; esa lwfu;ksftr dk;Z laiknu] thou’kSyh vkSj fujarj [kkst o vfo’dkj djus dh izo`fr vf/kd rhoz gksrh gSA  blh dkj.k euq"; us fofHkUu ;qxksa esa u;s&u;s vfo"dkj djrs gq;s ekuo tkfr dks ,d fodflr :Ik fn;k gSaA bu lHkh esa ls ,d gS dEI;wVj e’khu vkSj blls lacaf/kr lHkh rduhdksa ds fodkl us fodkl nj dks mRizsfjr fd;k gS vkSj fodkl dks ,d bZdkbZ ,oa vfr rhoz xfr iznku dh gSA
  3. 3.  dEI;wVj ,d bysDVªkfud e'khu gS tks funsZs'kksa ds fua;=.k esa MkVk ij Process dj ifj.kke izLrqr djrh gSA  dEI;wVj esa MkVk Lohdkj djus ds fy;s Input Device gksrh gS tcfd ifj.kke dks izLrqr djus ds fy;s Output device gksrh gS A  Processing dk dk;Z ftl Device eas gksrk gS mls CPU dgrs gS A dEI;wVj ,d bysDVªkfud ;qfDr gS tks xf.krh; x.kuk dj ldrh gS ,oa rkfdZd QSlyss ldrh gS A
  4. 4. daI;wVj ds fo’ks"krk,sa 1 xfr 2 'kq)rk 3 laxzg.k 4 fo’olfu;rk daI;wVj dh lhek,a 1 cqf)erk dh deh 2 vuqHko dh deh 3 Lo;a dh =qfV dks ugh lq/kkj ldrk gS
  5. 5. 'kks/k ds vuqiz;ksx 1 'kks/k dk lexz dk;Z ,e ,l vkWfQl ds }kjk gksrk gS A 2 'kks/k esa lexz fooj.k dk o.kZu ,e ,l vkWfQl ds }kjk gksrk gSA 3 'kks/k isij ok dk;Z dk Vad.k ,e ,l oMZ ij fd;k tkrk gSaA 4 'kks/k ls lacaf/kr fnukad le; Vscy vkfn cukus dk dk;Z ,e ,l ,Dlsy esa fd;k tkrk gSA 5 ,e ,l ,Dlsy ds }kjk xf.krh; fu;e laca/kh dk;Z gy fd;s tkrs gSA 6 fdlh Hkh izdkj dh x.kuk dk dk;Z ,e ,l ,Dlsy esa fd;k tkrk gS rFkk blesa Vscy cukus dk dk;Z Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA 7 ikWoj IokbaV esa iztsUVs’ku izLrqr fd;k tkrk gS ftlesa lexz lkexzh dks LykbM ds ek/;e ls izLrqr fd;k tkrk gSa
  6. 6. ;fn vklku :i esa lkspk tk, rks dEI;wVj dks fuEu pkj Hkkxksa esa ckaV ldrs gSA  buiqV midj.k  lsUVªsy izkslsfalax ;wfuV  vkmViqV midj.k  eseksjh buiqV ;qfuV. ;g unit MkVk vkSj instruction dks dEI;wVj ds vanj ys tkus ds dk;Z dks laiUu djrh gSA buiqV ;qfuV ds }kjk gh MkVk vkSj instruction command e'khu ds le>us yk;d Hkk"kk esa convert gksrs gSA blesa data computer dh eseksjh ls electric pulses ds :i esa transmit gksrs gSA
  7. 7. lsUVªsy izkslsfalax ;wfuV. lsUVªy izkslsflax ;wfuV dEI;wVj dk fnekx gksrk gS bldk eq[; dk;Z izksxke dks execute djuk gSA CPU dEI;wVj ds lHkh Hkkxksa tSls & memory, input or output device ds dk;ksZ dks fu;af=r djrk gS A Program vkSj Data blds fu;a=.k esa eseksjh esa LVksj gksrs gSA blh ds fu;a=.k esa output screen ij fn[kkbZ nsrk gS ;k printer ij print gS A vkmViqV ;qfuV. bldk dk;Z buiqV ;qfuV ds fcYdqy foijhr gSA ;g ifj.kke nsrk gSA ;g CPU }kjk Hksts x;s ifj.kke dks accept djrk gSA vkSj ;g ifj.kke dks euq"; ds le>us yk;d Hkk"kk esa ifjofrZr djrk gSA Storage memory computer dk dk;Zdkjh laxzg (working storage) gSA

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