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Central and Eastern Europe - Selected Topics
 

Central and Eastern Europe - Selected Topics

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  • www.cee-portal.at

Central and Eastern Europe - Selected Topics Central and Eastern Europe - Selected Topics Presentation Transcript

  • CEE FOCUS The Black Sea The Balkans Czech Republic PolandEuropean Economic IntegrationMetropolitan University PragueMartin Kolmhofer www.cee-portal.at2011/2012
  • Intersection of South East Europe, Western Asia and Southern Russia.
  • As recently as 17,000 years ago, the black sea was a freshwater lake.
  • The Black Sea is a transport rout for oil coming from Russia and the Caucasus tothe Mediterranean and from there into the Atlantic.
  • Byzantium ruled the southern and the eastern shore for almost 1000 years,.
  • From 18 century Russia began to show interest for the black sea. Both Peter theGreat and Catherine the Great tried to get the Russian navy access to the warmerwaters in the South.
  • At the end of the 18th century Russia led two wars against the Ottoman Empire andtook control of the north shore of the Black Sea. They established the military port ofSebastopol and the commercial port of Odessa.
  • However, the UK prevented Russia in Crimean War of 1853 - 1856 from conqueringthe Turkish Straits.In the nearly 50 years of the Cold War, the Black Sea belonged to the front linebetween the two power blocs.
  • The U.S. is trying to push back Russian influence in the region.European is also beginning to show interest in the region, since Romania andBulgaria joined the EU in January 2007.
  • Position of Russia:Black Sea Fleet in Sebastopol - Ukraine leases the naval base until 2017 to Russia
  • Moscow, now supports the independence of Georgian provinces South Ossetia andAbchazia2014 Winter Olympics Sochi
  • CEE FOCUS The Black Sea The Balkans Czech Republic PolandEuropean Economic IntegrationMetropolitan University PragueMartin Kolmhofer2011/2012 www.cee-portal.at
  • The Balkan region owes its name to a mountain range
  • With the exception of Albania and Bulgaria, the countries of the region from 1945to 1991 formed a federation, the former Yugoslavia, the country of southern Slavs.
  • When Yugoslavia broke up in 1991, 5 new countries were created
  • CEE FOCUS The Black Sea The Balkans Czech Republic PolandEuropean Economic IntegrationMetropolitan University PragueMartin Kolmhofer2011/2012 www.cee-portal.at
  • Czechs remained under the domination of the Austrian Habsburgs until 1918.
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia
  • 1938:According to the Munich Agreement the Sudetenland is annexed by Germany
  • Slovakia became independent and Bohemia and Moravia a German Protectorate.
  • Skoda: Mlada BoleslavKolin: Toyota-Peugeot-CitroenNosovice: Hyundai
  • Russia does not believe that the U.S. wants to defend itself against Iran. Moscow isconvinced that the radar system is directed against Russia.
  • CEE FOCUS The Black Sea The Balkans Czech Republic PolandEuropean Economic IntegrationMetropolitan University PragueMartin Kolmhofer2011/2012 www.cee-portal.at
  • Poland is an agricultural country
  • The mining industry also includes iron, zinc, copper, sulfur, and natural gas -mainly in the Carpathians.
  • 97 percent of Poles are Catholic, therefore the country has often felt as a Catholicoutpost against the Orthodox Eastern Europe.
  • Concern 1: Before WWII one third of the territory belonged to Germany. Therefore,there is concern in Poland that Germans expelled from Poland will try to buy backthe land of their ancestors after the EU enlargement.
  • Concern 2: In Warsaw, people are afraid of competition on the European market.And Brussels is worried about the rising cost of the common agricultural policy.
  • Concern 3: The three eastern borders with the neighboring states of Russia,Belarus and Ukraine are the new external border of the European Union.
  • Poland has hardly any natural boundaries and therefore was almost alwaysunprotected against military attacks.
  • Poland has twice disappeared from the maps of Europe:For 123 years from 1795 to 1918
  • …and then again in the Second World War when it was swallowed up by the Sovietand the German neighbors.