Republica checa


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Republica checa

  2. 2. 1.Name and capital
  3. 3. 1. Name and capital <ul><li>The capital of Czech Republic is Praga: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the banks of the Vltava River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The historic part of the city has been World Heritage since 1992 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. 2. Year of entry in the EU <ul><li>2003 Cyprus, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland and Czech Republic signed the Treaty of Accession. </li></ul><ul><li>2004 The ten countries join the EU on May 1 . </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 6. 3. Political system <ul><li>Multi-party parliamentary representative democratic republic </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution of the Czech Republic since 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>President is the head of state while the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising supreme executive power. </li></ul><ul><li>Prime minister: Petr Nečas </li></ul><ul><li>President: Václav Klaus </li></ul>
  6. 7. 3. Political system <ul><li>Political parties </li></ul>Czech Social Democratic Party <ul><li>Social democratic political party </li></ul><ul><li>Leader: Bohuslav Sobotka </li></ul><ul><li>Last Government: 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Centre-left </li></ul>Civic Democratic Party <ul><li>Conservative political party </li></ul><ul><li>Leader: Petr Nečas </li></ul><ul><li>Last Government: 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Centre-right </li></ul>
  7. 8. 3. Political system Seat of Government in Prague Seat of Senate in Prague
  8. 9. 4. TOTAL AREA
  9. 10. 4. TOTAL AREA <ul><li>The Czech Republic lies mostly between latitudes 48°and 51°N (a small area lies north of 51°), and longitudes 12°and 19°E . </li></ul><ul><li>With a total area of almost 79,000 square kilometers, the Czech Republic is a medium-sized European country. Its size is comparable to Austria and Ireland and would fit inside France seven times. The country could fit 122 times within the area of the United </li></ul>
  10. 11. 5. POPULATION <ul><li>The population of the Czech Republic is around 11 million inhabitants  and 99% of the population is literate. </li></ul><ul><li>The 95% of the population of the Czech Republic belongs to the same country, Slavic, while 5% are Germans, Hungarians, Poles and Gypsies. </li></ul>
  11. 12. 5. POPULATION <ul><li>The distribution of population among the major cities of the Czech Republic: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Capital: Prague. 1.4 million inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Brno 400.000 that it is the second largest city. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Olomouc 100.000. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Pilsen 170.000. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Liberec 100.000. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Ostrava 350.000. </li></ul>
  12. 13. 5. POPULATION <ul><li>Religion in the Czech Republic: </li></ul><ul><li>39% of the population is Roman Catholic  </li></ul><ul><li>Protestant 6% </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovak Hussite 2% </li></ul><ul><li>There is also a small Jewish community (8%) </li></ul><ul><li>The rest is uncertain, with features of orthodoxy. </li></ul>
  13. 14. 5. POPULATION Population structure by age:  1.Under 14 years: 16%. 2.between 15 and 64 years old: 70%. 3.and over 65 years: 14%.
  14. 15. 6. Currency <ul><li>Czech crown is the name of the Czech Republic currency </li></ul><ul><li>The Czech Republic planned to adopt the euro in 2012, but its government suspended that plan in 2007 </li></ul>Subunit 1/100 haléř Symbol Haléř Kč h Coins Freq.used 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Kč Banknotes Freq. used 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 Kč
  15. 16. 6. Currency
  16. 17. 7. Official language <ul><li>The Czech language in Czech Republic is the only official language and is used by about 96% of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>A part of this language can be heard here, Slovak, German, Polishand Romany. </li></ul>
  17. 18. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Drink </li></ul><ul><li>- More important drinks are, Becherovka, Sekt and, of course, the world renowned Pilsner beer Pils or Pilsner </li></ul><ul><li>- In the Czech Republic the average beer consumption is 157 liters per inhabitant per year, the largest in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>-Pilsener or Pilsner beer is the type originally developed in the city of Pilsen, western Bohemia. Drink is a light color and alcohol content is half. </li></ul>
  18. 19. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Pilsner Urquell </li></ul>Gambrinus Staropramen
  19. 20. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Becherovka </li></ul><ul><li>-Becherovka is a liquor of 32 herbs manufactured in the northern city of Bohemia </li></ul><ul><li>-Produced since 1807 and its manufacture is a big secret. </li></ul><ul><li>-And it is green to better protect the liquor from the sun </li></ul>
  20. 21. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>- The ingredients of the dishes are the fruits, vegetables, berries, mushrooms, fish and meat hunting </li></ul><ul><li>-The traditional cuisine of the Czech Republic has many mutual relations with the cuisine of southwestern Germany </li></ul>
  21. 22. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>The knedlíky </li></ul><ul><li>- The knedlíky is usually a very typical accompaniment Czech dishes can be made of potato or bread crumbs </li></ul>
  22. 23. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Vepřo-knedlo-zelo </li></ul><ul><li>- Is the most popular dish, is considered de National dish. </li></ul><ul><li>Svickova </li></ul>
  23. 24. 8. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Spanělský Ptacek </li></ul><ul><li> - Which literally translated means &quot;Spanish bird,&quot; although it is a meat roll </li></ul><ul><li>Kulajda </li></ul><ul><li>Koláče </li></ul>
  24. 25. 9. Traditions <ul><li>Kings Parade </li></ul><ul><li>Boys on a horse, which is adorned with colored ribbons, walk in the village and recite poems to celebrate their king, to ask for gifts for him. The king is represented by a boy of 10 to 12 years old who wears a folk female costume. </li></ul><ul><li>The burning of witches </li></ul><ul><li>The night of 30 April to 1 May. It is a superstition where it is believed that the devil can harm people through the witches. So people makes bonfires in order to protect themself the witches´s attacks. </li></ul>
  25. 26. 9. Traditions <ul><li>May 1 st - &quot;time of love” </li></ul><ul><li>The first of May every girl should be kissed under a cherry blossom to preserve its beauty. Prague lovers go to the Petrin Hill to put a flower at the monument of Karel Hynek Macha (1810-1836), who is Czech romantic poet. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbena </li></ul><ul><li>In autum, just after the harvest, comes the time for rest and fun. On the table was meat, poultry, cakes, bread. They eat, drink, dance and sing as well. Currently, in most towns where verbena is celebrate, they installed an atraction park. in addition, they prepare a special type of cake. </li></ul>
  26. 27. 9. Traditions <ul><li>Ánimas´s day </li></ul><ul><li>Since 998 Souls Day celebrated on 1 st and 2 st November. In some towns they prepared a special pasta called &quot;souls&quot; to be distributed among the beggars. </li></ul><ul><li>Today to remember the dead tombs are decorated with flowers, wreaths and candles. </li></ul><ul><li>Barborky </li></ul><ul><li>According to popular tradition, on 4th December with the first sunlight,a man cut a twig of cherry tree that was at least ten years and he brought it to a home where lived an unmarried girl. If the branch bloomed on Christmas Eve, it meant that she would find her boyfriend next year. If the flower out before, meant that married before, each day was one month. Currently barborky represent part of the Christmas decorations. </li></ul>
  27. 28. 10. Music and Anthem <ul><li>The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>- This is the principal symphony orchestra of the Czech Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Bedřich Smetana </li></ul><ul><li>- He was a Czech composer pioneer in the development of musical style. </li></ul><ul><li>- It is recogniz.ed as the father of Czech music. </li></ul><ul><li>- Ma Vlast </li></ul>
  28. 29. 10. Music and Anthem <ul><li>Ma Vlast </li></ul><ul><li>- Each poem represents a rural landscape, history and legends of Bohemia. </li></ul><ul><li>Folklore </li></ul>
  29. 30. 10. Music and Anthem <ul><li>Anthem </li></ul>
  30. 31. 11. Geographical features <ul><li>The Czech Republic is a European country, which border with Poland to the north, with Slovakia to the east, with Austria to the south, and with Germany to the west. </li></ul><ul><li> It is known locally as Cesko and officially as Ceska republika. It´s with Poland, Slovakia and Hungary a member of the Visegrad group of nations. </li></ul>
  31. 32. 12. WEATHER
  32. 33. 12. WEATHER <ul><li>The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate, with relatively hot summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. Most rain falls during the summer. The temperature difference between summer and winter is relatively high, due to the landlocked geographical position. </li></ul>
  33. 34. 13. Sports ice hockey   football
  34. 35. 13. Sports <ul><li>The Czech Republic has almost monopolized the decathlon at the last Olympics </li></ul>Roman Šebrle  
  35. 36. 13. Sports <ul><li>Other highlights are sports where tennis, netball and handball, among others </li></ul>