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  • Hello class! Today we will be learning about identifying the theme of a story. Click through the slides at your own pace using the forward and backward arrows.
  • A theme in a story is what the author is trying to teach you about life or human nature. The topic, on the other hand, is the main idea or the gist of what the story is about. Write the definition in your reading response journal.
  • Themes are usually not stated in a story. You must infer based on the story plot and what you know. It doesn’t just apply to what is happening in the story, but the world or mankind as a whole.
  • Listen to the following story and read along. Then identify what you think the topic and the theme of the story is. Remember- the topic is what the story is about, but the theme is the lesson that the main character learns. Take a minute to discuss it with a partner and write down your thoughts.
  • If you picked something like “Hard work pays off” or “Work hard and you can achieve anything,” you’re on the right track! The topic is about Michael Jordan playing basketball. It is the small world of the story, but the lesson you can learn from him is that with hard work, you can accomplish your dreams too. The evidence that supports the theme is that Michael didn’t give up when he was cut from the team. He worked even harder than he did before to become great.
  • We can find several common themes throughout literature. In Charlotte’s web, Charlotte the spider weaves words such as “Some Pig” into her web to help save her friend Wilbur, a pig, from being made into bacon. She sacrifices being able to see her children hatch from the egg sac to ensure his safety. This evidence points to the themes of friendship, self-sacrifice and perseverance.
  • Now we are going to listen to Enemy Pie by Derek Munson. Read along and take notes about the main character’s actions and words. Think about the lesson he learns throughout the course of the story. Write down 3 things that the boy does that make you think he is learning a lesson.
  • Think about the lesson the boy in the story learned. How can you apply this to your life? Use that knowledge to choose your answer.
  • The answer is “C” the best way to get rid of an enemy is to make him your friend. We know this because The boy thinks Jeremy Ross is his enemy at first. Then, his dad makes him spend a whole day with Jeremy. The boy has fun and decides to take Jeremy Ross off of his enemy list. Because of all of these things, he learns that getting to know your enemies is a good way to get rid of them- in the process, they become your friend.
  • Think about stories you have read or movies you have watched. What are some of the lessons you have learned from them? Did you learn about true friendship? Being honest is always the best, even when it’s hard? Be kind and compassionate to those who need it most? Take a few minutes a talk to your friends about what books or movies you have seen with these themes. Write down three themes you have read in a book or movie and the book or movie title you found it in.
  • Remember- theme is the message the author wants you to learn. It goes beyond the characters and plot of the story and applies to the world in general.
  • Transcript

    • 1. IDENTIFYING THEME
    • 2. Learning Objectives  At the end of this Module, you’ll be able to:  Tell the difference between the topic of a story and the theme of a story.
    • 3. What is THEME?
    • 4. What is Theme? [THE ME]ssage,  Theme is the lesson or the moral of the story.  The of the story is the main idea or gist of the story. topic
    • 5. What is Theme? Story THEME
    • 6. Identifying Theme  In his 10th grade year of high school, Michael Jordan tried out for the varsity basketball team at Laney High School in Wilmington, North Carolina. But at five feet and eleven inches tall, the coach believed that Jordan was too short to play at that level, so Jordan was cut from the team.
    • 7. Identifying Theme  Jordan didn’t let this obstacle defeat him. In fact, it pushed him to work even harder. He trained vigorously and grew another four inches the following summer. When he finally made the varsity squad, Jordan averaged 25 points a game and went on to become one of the greatest basketball players in history.
    • 8. Think about it… W is the topic? W hat hat is the theme?
    • 9. Identifying Theme  In his 10th grade year of high school, Michael Jordan tried out for the varsity basketball team at Laney High School in Wilmington, North Carolina. But at five feet and eleven inches tall, the coach believed that Jordan was too short to play at that level, so Jordan was cut from the team.
    • 10. Identifying Theme  Jordan didn’t let this obstacle defeat him. In fact, it pushed him to work even harder. He trained vigorously and grew another four inches the following summer. When he finally made the varsity squad, Jordan averaged 25 points a game and went on to become one of the greatest basketball players in history.
    • 11. Identifying Theme W is the topic? W hat hat is the theme? Michael Jordan worked hard to become a professional basketball player. Hard work pays off.
    • 12. Identifying Theme Hard work pays off. Michael Jordan works hard to become a great basketball player.
    • 13. Themes in Literature
    • 14. Themes in Literature  At the end of this module, you’ll be able to:  Identify common themes found in literature.  Identify a theme of a story and use text evidence to support it.
    • 15. Charlotte’s Web Topic A talking spider  helps save a pig. Theme friendship, self sacrifice, perseverance
    • 16. The Ugly Duckling Topic An ugly duckling  grows up to be a beautiful swan. Theme Self-Confidence,  individuality, don’t judge a book by its cover
    • 17. Now you Try   Click the Link to read along with Ene m y Pie by Derek Munson. http://safeshare.tv/w/vTDYoAJXAT
    • 18. Ene m y Pie Theme      W hat is the theme? A. A boy makes friends with his enemy. B. Making enemy pie will make enemies go away. C. The best way to get rid of an enemy is to make him your friend. D. Making pie for people will always make them your friend.
    • 19. Ene m y Pie Theme  W is the theme? hat A. A boy makes friends with his enemy.  B. Making enemy pie will make enemies go away.    C. The best way to get rid of an enemy is to make him your friend. D. Making pie for people will always make them your friend.
    • 20. Text Evidence The boy thinks Jeremy Ross is his enemy.  His dad makes him spend a day with Jeremy Ross.  The boy doesn’t want to give him the enemy pie because he had fun.  He takes Jeremy Ross off of his enemy list. 
    • 21. Common Themes          What other common themes have you seen in stories you have read? Friendship? Honesty? Loyalty? Courage? Cooperation? Kindness? Perseverance? Compassion?
    • 22. Theme  Remember: [THE ME]ssage The boy makes friends with his enemy. The best way to get rid of an enemy is to make him your friend.

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