NEED OF AWARENESS OF MEDICO-EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN INDIAN SOCIETY PROJECT SYNOPSISGUIDED BY: SUBMITTED BYPROF. (DR.) VIPIN KUKKAR VIJAY SINGHDIRECTOR/PRINCIPAL Batch-2007-08SETH G. L. BIHANI S.D COLLEGE Session-2010-11OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION B.Pharm. IV Year(IPSDR)SRI GANGANAGAR SETH G. L. BIHANI S.D COLLEGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION (INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES & DRUG RESEARCH) SRI GANGANAGR - 335001 (RAJ.) 2010-2011
NEED OF AWARENESS OF MEDICO-EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN SOCIETYINTRODUCTION :Pharmacists are health professionals who practice the science of pharmacy. Pharmacistsalso participate in disease-state management, where they optimize and monitor the drugtherapy or interpret medical laboratory results / in collaboration with physicians and/orother health professionals. Advances into prescribing medication and in providingmembers of the public with health advice and services are occurring in many countries.Pharmacists have many areas of expertise and are a critical source of medical knowledgein clinics, hospitals, medical laboratories and community pharmacies throughout theworld. Pharmacists also hold positions in the pharmaceutical industry as well as inpharmaceutical education and, research and development institutions.OVERVIEW :Pharmacists in the Society:The pharmacy professional has ability to create decorum in the present day society. Thereare numerous reasons, which are responsible for greater impact and penetration ofpharmacists into the societal network, irrespective of the geographical boundaries.Whether it is a metro city or a remotely located rural area, pharmacists are everywheredischarging their duties to serve the humanity.Pharmacists as members of the healthcare team could play a key role in ensuringaffordable access to quality essential medicines, dissemination of appropriate informationto patients, general public and other health professionals participating in health promotionand health education programmes like nutrition counseling, welfare of women, sexuallytransmitted diseases - HIV/AIDS, alcohol and drug abuse, smoking cessation, rational useof medicines, drug utilization, post-marketing surveillance towards monitoring andreporting of adverse drug reactions (pharmacovigilance) and pharmaceutical care. TheMinistry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India can use the pharmacists aswork force in meeting the targets under these programmes.
Pharmacists are often the first point-of-contact for patients with health inquiries. Thismeans that pharmacists have large roles in the assessing medication management inpatients, and in referring patients to physicians like : - • Clinical medication management • The assessment of patients with undiagnosed or diagnosed conditions and for decisions about the clinical medication management , • Specialized monitoring of disease states, • Review of medication regimens, • Monitoring of treatment regimens, • General health monitoring, • Compounding medicines, • General health advice , • Providing specific education to patients about disease states and medications, • Dispensing of medicines on prescription & sale of otc products, • Provision of non-prescription medicines, • Counseling and advice on optimal use of medicines, • Advice and treatment of common ailments, • Referrals to other health professionals, if necessary • Dosing drugs in renal and hepatic failure • Pharmacokinetic evaluation • Providing pharmaceutical information like in swine flu control in society & family planning • Promoting public health by administering immunizations
Education of physicians and other health care providers on medications and theirproper use : Medication errors are a big issue even in developed countries like USA and pharmacist has a central role in preventing medication errors and improving life expectancy of average consumers. It is estimated that in USA, injuries caused by medical management are 2.9 to 3.7%. Preventable adverse event is a leading cause of death in USA. When extrapolated to over 33.6 million admissions to US hospitals in 1997, it was observed that between 44000 - 98000 Americans die in hospitals each year as a result of medication errors. It is the eighth leading cause of death comparable to deaths caused by motor vehicles, breast cancer or AIDS. Medication errors can certainly be minimized with more and more involvement of pharmacists in the administration of drugs.4. Pharmacist In The Society: Traditional Vs. Modern RolePharmacy profession is in its transitional state. The health care delivery pattern has beencompletely transformed and has acquired an all-together different image presently. Thepresent of Pharmacy does not lie merely in dispensing of medication but in the provisionof relevant drug information and drug therapy recommendation to the people in thesociety.Over a period of time, the pharmacy profession has greatly changed , focused onmanaging the production and dispensing of drugs with the safe, effective and appropriateuse of medication with pharmacy services to patients.Refrences : -
1. <http://www.wikipedia.org> Pharmacist [Accessed 15-jan-2011]. 2. <http://www.whoindia.org> A report on challlenges & opportunities for pharmacist in health care in india [Accessed 16-jan-2011]. 3. <http://www.pharmainfo.net> Pharmacy profession :its impact & penetration into society >[ Accessed 17-jan-2011]. 4. Remingtons, the science and practice of pharmacy, 20th Edition, vol 2nd lippioncott William and willcins. pp. 1911-1931. SIGNATURE SIGNATURE ………………….. ……………………….. VIJAY SINGH Prof. (Dr.) Vipin Kukkar B.Pharm. IV Yr. Director / Principal (22/01/2011) (Project Supervisior) SUBMITTED TO - APPROVED BY - Signature Signature ……………………………………………………………. (Dr. Vikash Anand) Prof. (Dr.) Vipin Kukkar Library Assignment Director / Principal