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Nations assignment egypt

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  • 1. By:
    Kaitlyn Glenn
    Egypt:A Central Nation
  • 2. Geography – Statistics & Facts
    World’s 38th largest country
    1,001,450 square ft
    Nile Valley and Delta contain
    99% of population
    Borders:
    Libya – West
    Sudan – South
    Gaza Strip & Israel – East
    The Nile –
    World’s second-longest river
    Flows south to north
    The Nile
  • 3. Rainfall:
    Averages 2 – 5 mm per year (south of Cairo)
    Up to 410 mm per year on small strip of northern coast
    Snow:
    Sinai mountains
    Some northern cities (such as Damietta, Baltim…etc)
    Temperature:
    80 °F – 90 °F in summer (up to 109 °F on Red Sea Coast)
    55 °F – 70 °F in winter
    The Khamaseen (wind blowing from the south) can raise the temperature in the desert to above 100 °F in the spring
    Geography - Climate
  • 4. People – Demographics
    Most populated country in the Middle East
    78,866,635 people (July 2009 est.)
    Religion:
    90% Islam
    The rest are mostly Christian (Coptic Orthodox)
    Ethnicity:
    91% Egyptian
    Minorities include:
    Abazas, Turks, Greeks, Bedouin Arab tribes of Sinai Peninsula, the Siwis of the Siwa Oasis, Nubian communities that live along the Nile, and the tribal communities of Beja
  • 5. People - Economy
    Depends on:
    Agriculture
    Media
    Petroleum exports
    Tourism
    Energy production:
    Coal
    Oil
    Natural gas
    Hydro power
    Third largest receiver of post-Iraq war funds given by United States
    Cairo – The Capital of Egypt
  • 6. Among the earliest civilizations
    Influenced European, Middle Eastern, and some African cultures
    One of the first Arab-speaking nations
    Egypt’s ancient culture influenced:
    Modern Western culture
    Arab culture
    Literature
    Music
    Film
    Television
    Egyptian civilization is renowned for its architecture:
    The Temples of Abu Simbel
    Valley of the Kings
    The Great Sphinx of Giza
    …etc
    Ancient Culture
  • 7. Cairo (“Hollywood of the Middle East”)
    Cairo Opera House:
    Main performing arts venue in Cairo
    Cairo International Film Festival
    One of eleven festivals with a top class rating
    Literature
    Egyptian novelists & poets were among the first to use the modern styles of Arabic literature
    Vernacular poetry is most popular genre
    Music
    Mixture of indigenous, Mediterranean, African, and Western elements
    Modern Culture
  • 8. History – Ancient Egypt
    6,000 years of recorded history
    Old Kingdom
    2700-2200 BC
    Famous for pyramids
    Pyramid of Djoser
    Giza Pyramids
    Middle Kingdom
    2040 BC
    Stronger Nile floods and stabilization of government
    New Kingdom
    1550-1070 BC
    Began with Eighteenth Dynasty
    Marked the rise of Egypt as an international power
    Noted for well-known Pharaoh's:
    Hatshepsut
    Thutmose III
    Akhenaten& Nefertiti
    Tutankhamun (King Tut)
    Ramesses II
  • 9. History – Modern History
    Invaded by Napoleon in 1798
    Invaded by Ottoman, Mamluk, and British forces in 1801
    Muhammad Ali became the Sultan in Istanbul’s viceroy of Egypt in 1805
    Military focus
    “Modernizer of Egypt”
    Built a system of canals for irrigation & transport
    In 1820, Egypt was introduced to long-staple cotton (‘Egyptian’ cotton)
    Agriculture became a cash-crop monoculture
    Muhammad succeeded by:
    Ibrahim (September 1848)
    Abbas I (November 1848)
    Said (1854)
    Isma’il (1863)
    Dissatisfaction of people led to formation of first nationalist groupings in 1879
  • 10. Sources
    Wikipedia: Egypt
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt
    Wikipedia: Geography of Egypt
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt#Geography
    Wikipedia: Demographics of Egypt
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt#Demographics
    Wikipedia: Economy of Egypt
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt#Economy
    Wikipedia: Culture of Egypt
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt#Culture
    Wikipedia: History of Egypt
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt#History
    Book: The Second World
    Khanna, Parag. The Second World. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2008