Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

10 03 ancient egypt history

1,327 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

10 03 ancient egypt history

  1. 1. Rivers <ul><li>Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Niger </li></ul><ul><li>Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Zambezi </li></ul><ul><li>Cataracts </li></ul>
  2. 2. Climate Zones <ul><li>Tropical Wet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rainforest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tropical Wet & Dry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Savannah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Semi-Arid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sahel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kalahari </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Namib </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sahara </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. North Africa <ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Aksum </li></ul><ul><li>Kush </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ancient Egypt
  5. 5. Pre-Dynastic Period 3200-2600 BC <ul><li>Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt separate kingdoms united </li></ul><ul><li>Dynastic System develops </li></ul><ul><li>Ruler (Pharoah) considered divine </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation projects lead to an abundance of food and population explosion </li></ul>
  6. 6. Location <ul><li>Egypt was located in the Nile River Floodplain </li></ul><ul><li>Predictable flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile farmland </li></ul><ul><li>Three Seasons of the Nile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Season of Going Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Floodwaters receded exposing fertile land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers planted and tended crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Season of Harvest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers harvested crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All crops belonged to Pharaoh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Huge surplus lasted the entire year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Season of Flood Spring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mineral rich silt was carried down stream from mountains </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provided very fertile soil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers spent these months working for the Pharaoh </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Old Kingdom Egypt The Pyramid Age 2600 BC – 2150 BC <ul><li>Era of Relative Peace and Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Major construction projects </li></ul><ul><li>2600 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Pyramid Building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tombs of Pharaohs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2500 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Pyramids & Sphinx constructed at Giza </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hieroglyphics standardized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence of graffiti at tombs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2100 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional nobles competed for control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynasty loses control </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Middle Kingdom Egypt World Trading Power 2100 BC – 1700 BC <ul><li>2000 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong Pharaohs from Thebes gain control of the kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentuhotep II regains control over all of Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New capital in Lisht </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt becomes an international power by reconquering Nubia and expanding trade routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreigners called Hyksos from eastern Mediterranean settle in Egypt during good times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1500 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyksos eventually gain control of Lower Egypt. Native Egyptians still control Upper Egypt from Thebes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1550 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rulers from Thebes reassert control and drive out Hyksos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand borders of Egypt in military campaign designed to strengthen the empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take control of Nubia and the Levant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Force tribute from Babylon, Assyria and other neighbors top the East </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1400 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) attempts to impose monotheism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1320 Ramses II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong, warrior Pharaoh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed treaty w/ Hittites </li></ul></ul>New Kingdom Egypt The Age of Empire 1550 BC – 1075 BC
  10. 10. Ancient Egypt <ul><li>Three Kingdoms </li></ul>Old Middle New
  11. 11. Government <ul><li>Bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaoh a living god </li></ul><ul><li>Vizier chief administrator of Pharaoh’s government </li></ul><ul><li>Local nobility and priests administer government responsibilities </li></ul>
  12. 12. Religion <ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Fair & predictable gods </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaoh was divine </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptians belief in an afterlife led to mummification </li></ul><ul><li>“ Book of the Dead” outlines requirements for afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramids represent importance of afterlife in Egyptian thought </li></ul>
  13. 13. Economics <ul><li>Nile river the foundation of a strong, stable economy </li></ul><ul><li>Silt provided enough fertile land to produce enough crops for the entire population for a full year </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus used for trade and to support the less fortunate </li></ul><ul><li>Season of Flood provide a huge urban work force </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Kingdom began to become a world trade power </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hieroglyphics Chart <ul><li>Use this chart to write your name and a secret message using Egyptian Hieroglyphics! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hieroglyphics A (cat) A (make) B C CH D E (pet) E (be) F G (gym) G (girl) H I J K L M N O (dog) O (sew) P Q/U R S S (rays) SH T V Y Z
  16. 16. Reasons for Decline <ul><li>Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disunity / greed of local nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle Kingdom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyksos Conquer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assyrians Conquer </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Geography Government Economics Religion Social Structure Isolated River Valley Regular Flooding Plentiful Food & Water Theocratic Dynastic Bureaucratic Agrarian Stable Strong Surplus Polytheistic Animistic Positive Predictable Hierarchical

×