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Week 6:The Invasion ofAbyssinia
This week• We will cover two basic things:– What was the impact of the Invasion of Abyssinia?– Who was Mussolini, and how ...
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Mussolini’s motives for invading Abyssinia– 1896 – Italy tried ...
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Weaknesses in the Stresa Front– Britain was the first to “weake...
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Response from the League Council– First, there were tradesancti...
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Response from the League Council– Hoare-Laval Pact – asecret de...
I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Response from the League Council– In March 1936, Britainand Fra...
Look at Source D on page 55. Compare it tothe cartoon below. Does it make sense now?
1. Impact of Abyssinia on the League of Nations– Haillie Selassie’s famous speech in Geneva, June1936– The next major even...
Bombing of Guernica, April 26 1937
2. Benefits of Abyssinia for Hitlera. Opportunity – in 1936, Hitler quietly started sendingGerman troops and military equi...
II. Who was Mussolini, and howdid he manage Italy?A. Italy’s challenges in the 1920s1. Italy had been promised land in exc...
II. Who was Mussolini, and howdid he manage Italy?B. The Fascist take-over1. 1922 - Fascists (ex-military, extremely natio...
II. Who was Mussolini, and howdid he manage Italy?C. Mussolini goes to war1. 1936 – Italy invaded and conquered Abyssinia–...
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia
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Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia

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This lesson presentation covers 2 things:
1 - the impact of the Invasion of Abyssinia, and
2 - how Mussolini took over Italy in the 1920s

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  • http://www.custermen.com/ItalyWW2/ILDUCE/Mussolini.htm
  • Transcript of "Week 7 - The Invasion of Abyssinia"

    1. 1. Week 6:The Invasion ofAbyssinia
    2. 2. This week• We will cover two basic things:– What was the impact of the Invasion of Abyssinia?– Who was Mussolini, and how did he manage Italy?• For a quick review up to this point,– Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931, the LoN wrotea report and did nothing, and Japan left the LoN– Hitler took “emergency control” of Germany in1933, and re-armed the military and withdrewGermany from the LoN
    3. 3. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
    4. 4. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
    5. 5. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
    6. 6. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia?
    7. 7. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Mussolini’s motives for invading Abyssinia– 1896 – Italy tried and failed to conquer Abyssinia– Hitler was ready to expand already IN EUROPE– STRESA FRONT – Britain and France weredepending on Italy for help against Hitler, soMussolini expected no resistance fromBritain/France to invade Abyssinia in return
    8. 8. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Weaknesses in the Stresa Front– Britain was the first to “weaken” the alliance,because Britain entered into a private agreementwith Hitler in 1935 to fix the ratio of German-to-British warships (1 to 3)– This agreement broke the Treaty of Versailles, andBritain did not communicate with France or Italybefore signing the agreement with Germany– Italy invaded Abyssinia (a League member state)without consulting Britain or France, on October3, 1935
    9. 9. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Response from the League Council– First, there were tradesanctions – but not onpetrol, so Italycontinued to advance– The Suez Canal(separatingMediterranean Seafrom Red Sea) wasnever closed to Italy bythe British
    10. 10. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Response from the League Council– Hoare-Laval Pact – asecret deal wascreated by Britain andFrance to give Italy ½of Abyssinia ifMussolini would stop– When the Britishpublic heard about theplan, they were furiousand the plan collapsed
    11. 11. I. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?• Response from the League Council– In March 1936, Britainand France finallybanned sales of petrolto Italy, but it was toolate– May 1936 – Italyconquered the capitalof Abyssinia, and allresistance ended. Italyhad won
    12. 12. Look at Source D on page 55. Compare it tothe cartoon below. Does it make sense now?
    13. 13. 1. Impact of Abyssinia on the League of Nations– Haillie Selassie’s famous speech in Geneva, June1936– The next major event in the world – the SpanishCivil War – passed without the League evenoffering an opinion as Italian and German planesbombed Spanish cities like GuernicaI. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?
    14. 14. Bombing of Guernica, April 26 1937
    15. 15. 2. Benefits of Abyssinia for Hitlera. Opportunity – in 1936, Hitler quietly started sendingGerman troops and military equipment into theRhineland – a clear violation of the T. of Versaillesb. Lack of Resistance – the League of Nations was nownot going to stop Hitler if it could not stop Mussolinic. Allies – instead of a Stresa Front, Italy signed a newagreement with Germany in November 1936 – theRome-Berlin Axis. Japan, Italy and Germany signed ananti-USSR agreement called the Anti-Comintern PactI. What was the impact of theInvasion of Abyssinia, 1936?
    16. 16. II. Who was Mussolini, and howdid he manage Italy?A. Italy’s challenges in the 1920s1. Italy had been promised land in exchange forfighting with Britain/France in WWI, but didn’treceive all of it2. Communism was rising in popularity3. Most people did not think that the Italianparliament (democracy) could protect Italy fromCommunism
    17. 17. II. Who was Mussolini, and howdid he manage Italy?B. The Fascist take-over1. 1922 - Fascists (ex-military, extremely nationalisticItalians) marched to Rome, Mussolini took control ofgovernment2. 1924 – Mussolini rigged elections, Fascists wonmajority of seats in Italian Parliament3. 1926 – all other political parties were made illegal4. Posters appeared in Italy saying, “Mussolini is alwaysright!”5. 1929 – Mussolini made a deal with the CatholicChurch to guarantee no interference
    18. 18. II. Who was Mussolini, and howdid he manage Italy?C. Mussolini goes to war1. 1936 – Italy invaded and conquered Abyssinia– Italy formed alliance with Germany(Rome – Berlin Axis)2. 1940 – Italy declared war on France/Britain3. 1943 – Italy was invaded by USA/Britain,Mussolini was captured, then rescued byGerman troops4. 1945 – Mussolini was murdered by anti-FascistItalians
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