Mnemonic learning - League of Nations failure

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Mnemonic learning - League of Nations failure

  1. 1. Mnemonic Learning VIIIThe League of Nations What were the main failures of the LON?
  2. 2. WAS DUMB W – Weak A - Abyssinia S - Structure D - Depression U - Unsuccessful M - Manchuria B - Bullies
  3. 3. W – Weak Without America, Russia and Germany the League of Nations was weak. The League’s ‘powers’ (HERMEM remember) were little more than going ‘tut-tut’. Sanctions did not work. It had no army to back it up. A - Abyssinia Mussolini got ready to invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935. Britain and France didn’t shut the SUEZ CANAL. The League talked to Mussolini but he ignored them and sent in his army. He also ignored sanctions (which countries didn’t follow through properly anyway). Britain and France secretly arranged the Hoare and Laval Pact to give Mussolini Abyssinia. This undermined the League’s authority.
  4. 4. S - Structure The League was muddled, so it took ages to do anything. Members couldn’t agree – but decisions had to be unanimous. The four permanent members had the power of VETO (the ability to cancel any law they didn’t like). This paralysed the League. D - Depression The world-wide Depression made countries try to get more land and power. They were worried about themselves, not about world peace. In some cases they did not enforce sanctions so they could still trade.
  5. 5. U - Unsuccessful The more the League failed, the less people trusted it. In the end, everybody just ignored it. Its failures gave Hitler the confidence to challenge the TOV. M - Manchuria In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria after the bombing of the S. Manchurian Railway at Mukden. The League sent Lord Lytton to study the problem (this took a year). Japan refused to leave Manchuria. Instead, Japan left the League. Many countries had important trading links with Japan. Britain and France did not want a war, so nothing was done.
  6. 6. B - Bullies In the 1920s, the League had dealt with weak countries (e.g. Finland & Sweden – Aaland Islands). In the 1930s, powerful countries like Germany, Italy and Japan attacked weaker countries. They were too strong for the League to stop them. REMEMBER – WAS DUMB Why the League of Nations failed!

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