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1.2 branches of government_overview_website

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2013

2013


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  • 1. The Three Branches of Canadian Government •Legislative •Executive •Judicial
  • 2. You Will Need to Know 1. The role of each branch 2. The positions in each branch 3. Who decides who will be in each position and how they decide who will be in that position. 4. The work of each branch
  • 3. Legislative branch 1. Role: To create laws 2. Positions in this branch: • • • • • House of Commons (H of C) Senate The Monarch: King/Queen Governor General (GG) Lieutenant Governor (LG) Judith Guichon B.C. Lieutenant Governor
  • 4. Legislative Branch Continued 3. Who selects and how? A. H of C: People by voting B. Senate: PM by appointment C. GG: PM and appointment by the Queen
  • 5. Legislative Branch (Cont’d) 4. The work of this branch • To pass laws (from bills) This involves the H of C and Senate Committees • Origins of Bills: - Cabinet - Private Members Bill • GG provides Royal Assent
  • 6. Executive Branch 1. Roles: Carries out (implements) the country’s laws Operates the administration of government  Parliament
  • 7. Executive Branch (continued) 2. Positions in this branch: • The Monarch • Governor General (GG) Queen Elizabeth 2  (Monarch) • Lieutenant General (LG) • Prime Minister (PM) David Johnston • Cabinet • Bureaucracy • • • • Departments/ ministries Crown corporations Regulatory agencies Advisory bodies (GG) Stephen Harper  (PM)
  • 8. Executive Branch (Cont’d) 3. Who selects and how: • GG: PM with appointment by the Queen • PM: chosen by the political party • Cabinet: Appointed by PM • Bureaucracy: Appointed by Gov’t and hired (cabinet circa 2008)
  • 9. Executive Branch (cont’d) 4. The work of this branch: • GG: ceremonial • PM: • Selects GG, Cabinet • Management of Political Party • Power of Organizing the Government: Departments, PMO • Power of Dissolution
  • 10. Still more Executive Branch Cabinet: • Operates by Order-in-Council • An Order in Council is a type of legislation. • Two principal types of Order in Council exist: Orders in Council exercising the Royal Prerogative or • Orders in Council made in accordance with an Act of Parliament. • In Canada they are made in the name of the Governor General by the Queen's Privy Council for Canada (or in the case of provincial orders-in-council, orders are by the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council) • An Order in Council made under the Royal Prerogative is primary legislation, and does not depend on any statute for its authority. This includes things like: the standing orders for civil servants and appointing heads of Crown corporations or Overseas Gov’t Departments • Traditionally, Orders in Council are used as a way for the Prime Minister to make political appointments, but they can also be used to issue simple laws as a sort of decree. • Cabinet includes: • Ministers of permanent departments – Ministers of State: small subordinated departments
  • 11. Executive Branch, I bet you thought it was over Bureaucracy and Government Dept’s: • To administer Gov’t • To provide Gov’t services – A. – – Departments B. Crown Corporations C. Regulatory Agencies: set rules for business Ex. CRTC – D. Advisory Bodies • Royal commissions • Tax forces
  • 12. Judicial Branch 1. Role: • Interprets the law • Adjudicates legal disputes 2. Positions in this branch: • Judges • Courts Supreme Court of Canada  *Note no relation to Santa Clause
  • 13. Judicial Branch Cont’d 3. Who selects and how: Superior Court Judges: – Appointed by PM Provincial Court Judges: – Appointed by provincial Government
  • 14. Judicial Branch Cont’d 4. The work of this branch: Judges: • Interpret the law • Adjudicated disputes over rights