Government andElection Review!
Foundation of Government• British roots• Representative Democracy– elected representatives makedecisions on our behalf• Co...
Federal System• National government + Provincial andTerritorial governments = Canada
Division of Power• Federal Responsibilities• Provincial Responsibilities• Shared Responsibilities• See p. 224• Residual Po...
Municipal Government• Responsibilities– Garbage collection, sewagetreatment, fire protection, watersupply and the establis...
Branches of GovernmentExecutive Branchmake decisions and administer them(through the civil service)Legislative Branchmake ...
Executive Branch• Makes decisions and administersthem (through the civil service)• Federal– Governor General, Prime Minist...
Executive Branch• Cabinet – MPs chosen by PM tolead government ministries– Cabinet shuffle– Cabinet solidarity– Party whip...
Legislative Branch• Makes laws• Federal– Governor General, House ofCommons, Senate• House of Commons – 308 MPs– Constituen...
Legislative Branch• Senate– Appointed by GG on PM’srecommendation• Patronage• Selected regionally– “sober second thought”
Provincial GovernmentFederal British ColumbiaGovernor General Lieutenant GovernorPrime Minister PremierCabinet CabinetHous...
How a Bill Becomes a Law• See p. 237• Bill Drafted – by MP or Senator,but usually Cabinet• First Reading - bill is introdu...
Elections• Eligibility Requirements– 18 years old and a Canadian citizen• Three Stages: Campaigning, Voting,and Tabulating...
Elections• First Past the Post – whoever has themost votes wins– Pros: simple, easy to understand– Cons: all or nothing, f...
Types of Governments• Majority Government – more than50% of seats from the same party– Pros: stable, consistent, efficient...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Government review

2,209 views

Published on

BC Social Studies 11 curriculum

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,209
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,479
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • GG represents Queen in Ottawa (Michaëlle Jean) , LG in Victoria (Steven Point), Queen Head of State of not in
  • F: Defence, Foreign policy, Criminal Law P: Education, Provincial Courts S: Immigration, Health Care; Supreme Court resolves conflicts
  • Dan Rogers
  • Levels? Federal, Prov, Municipal; Judicial separate
  • Prov: LG, Premier, Cabinet; PM leader of party with most MPs
  • Public service: not elected politicians
  • Mun: by-laws; Prov: LG, Legislative Assembly; constituency = riding; Speaker: referee (rules)
  • Prov: Exec, Legis, Judic as well
  • Government review

    1. 1. Government andElection Review!
    2. 2. Foundation of Government• British roots• Representative Democracy– elected representatives makedecisions on our behalf• Constitutional Monarchy– monarch has only the powers laidout in the nation’s constitution andlaws
    3. 3. Federal System• National government + Provincial andTerritorial governments = Canada
    4. 4. Division of Power• Federal Responsibilities• Provincial Responsibilities• Shared Responsibilities• See p. 224• Residual Powers• areas that did not exist or were notlisted in 1867 are assigned to thefederal government
    5. 5. Municipal Government• Responsibilities– Garbage collection, sewagetreatment, fire protection, watersupply and the establishment ofschools• Powers given and taken away byProvince
    6. 6. Branches of GovernmentExecutive Branchmake decisions and administer them(through the civil service)Legislative Branchmake lawsJudicial Branchinterpret and administer the law
    7. 7. Executive Branch• Makes decisions and administersthem (through the civil service)• Federal– Governor General, Prime Minister,Cabinet, Civil/Public Service• Governor General – mostlyceremonial, Royal Assent• Prime Minister – head ofgovernment, nation, political party
    8. 8. Executive Branch• Cabinet – MPs chosen by PM tolead government ministries– Cabinet shuffle– Cabinet solidarity– Party whip• Public Service– employees who perform the on-going business of government
    9. 9. Legislative Branch• Makes laws• Federal– Governor General, House ofCommons, Senate• House of Commons – 308 MPs– Constituency– Caucus– Speaker of the House– Free Vote
    10. 10. Legislative Branch• Senate– Appointed by GG on PM’srecommendation• Patronage• Selected regionally– “sober second thought”
    11. 11. Provincial GovernmentFederal British ColumbiaGovernor General Lieutenant GovernorPrime Minister PremierCabinet CabinetHouse of Commons Legislative AssemblyMember ofParliament (MP)Member ofLegislative Assembly(MLA)Senate No Equivalent
    12. 12. How a Bill Becomes a Law• See p. 237• Bill Drafted – by MP or Senator,but usually Cabinet• First Reading - bill is introduced• Second Reading - bill is debatedand possibly changed• multi-party committee studies bill(Committee Stage)• Third Reading - bill is acceptedor rejected (vote)• Senate – may suggest changes• Royal Assent – GG signs it; billis now law
    13. 13. Elections• Eligibility Requirements– 18 years old and a Canadian citizen• Three Stages: Campaigning, Voting,and Tabulating• PM asks GG to call an election– At least once every five years– Reasons: government is popular, test forsupport, catch the opposition at a bad time,vote of non-confidence, or budget defeated
    14. 14. Elections• First Past the Post – whoever has themost votes wins– Pros: simple, easy to understand– Cons: all or nothing, fewer people may havevoted for winner than others• Proportional Representation– % of votes = % of seats– Pros: more representation from other parties– Cons: little local representation, minoritygovernments
    15. 15. Types of Governments• Majority Government – more than50% of seats from the same party– Pros: stable, consistent, efficient• Minority Government – ruling partyhas less than 50% of the seats– Pros: responsive, accountable,transparent

    ×