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Branches of Canadian Government

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A brief introduction into the Branches of Canadian Government

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Branches of Canadian Government

  1. 1. BRANCHESOFGOVERNMENT
  2. 2. BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT• governments do three basic things:• Make laws• Ensure laws are followed• Judge laws• All are directly related to government’scentral purpose - LAWS
  3. 3. BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENT• In democracies no one person [or group ofpersons] performs all three functions• In autocratic states, one individual [or asmall group] is in control of all threefunctions• he/she plays the role of maker, enforcerand judge of laws
  4. 4. Legislative Branch of Government• Powers:• Create, change and repeallaws and regulations• Members:• Parliament• Senators• Members of the House ofCommons (MPs)• Example:• Change the laws definingmarriage in Canada.
  5. 5. Executive Branch ofGovernment• Powers:• Administer and carry out(enforce) laws and plans of thegovernment• Members:• Monarch• Prime Minister• Cabinet• Bureaucrats (or Civil Servants)• Example:• Prime Minister declares a stateof emergency and directs theCanadian Armed Forces to assistin snow removal.
  6. 6. Judicial Branch ofGovernment• Powers:• Interpret the laws• decide who has broken the law• assign appropriate penalties• Members:• Courts (Supreme, Provincial,Small Claims, Family, etc.)• Judges• Example: Should Hutterites inAlberta be required to havephotos on their drivers’licenses?
  7. 7. BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENT• NOTE: The Queen ofCanada, through theGovernor-General,plays a key role withinALL three branches ofCanadian government
  8. 8. Canadas Parliamentary SystemBranches of Government DiagramQueenGovernorGeneralPrimeMinisterCabinetHouse ofCommonsSenateSupremeCourt ofCanadaFederalCourtsProvincialCourtsCourtsExecutive Branch Judicial BranchLegislative BranchParliament
  9. 9. Prime Minister and Governor General•Use the Text Book (38-45) and YellowBook (20-23) to answer the followingfor each role:•What are the job requirements?•What are the job responsibilities?•How are they compensated?
  10. 10. BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENTSourceswww2.clarku.edu/research/images/government/cansupct.jpgwww.nationmaster.com/wikimir/images/upload.wikimedia.org/wikpedia/en/thumb/7/78/250px-Queen_of_canada.jpgwww.stephentaylor.ca/archives/parliament-hill-protest.jpgwww.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2004/12/images/20041201-4_w9w7821-515h.jpghttp://206.47.170.43/channels/images/harper-obama-456-sept16.jpg

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