BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT• governments do three basic things:• Make laws• Ensure laws are followed• Judge laws• All are directly related to government’scentral purpose - LAWS
BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENT• In democracies no one person [or group ofpersons] performs all three functions• In autocratic states, one individual [or asmall group] is in control of all threefunctions• he/she plays the role of maker, enforcerand judge of laws
Legislative Branch of Government• Powers:• Create, change and repeallaws and regulations• Members:• Parliament• Senators• Members of the House ofCommons (MPs)• Example:• Change the laws definingmarriage in Canada.
Executive Branch ofGovernment• Powers:• Administer and carry out(enforce) laws and plans of thegovernment• Members:• Monarch• Prime Minister• Cabinet• Bureaucrats (or Civil Servants)• Example:• Prime Minister declares a stateof emergency and directs theCanadian Armed Forces to assistin snow removal.
Judicial Branch ofGovernment• Powers:• Interpret the laws• decide who has broken the law• assign appropriate penalties• Members:• Courts (Supreme, Provincial,Small Claims, Family, etc.)• Judges• Example: Should Hutterites inAlberta be required to havephotos on their drivers’licenses?
BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENT• NOTE: The Queen ofCanada, through theGovernor-General,plays a key role withinALL three branches ofCanadian government
Canadas Parliamentary SystemBranches of Government DiagramQueenGovernorGeneralPrimeMinisterCabinetHouse ofCommonsSenateSupremeCourt ofCanadaFederalCourtsProvincialCourtsCourtsExecutive Branch Judicial BranchLegislative BranchParliament
Prime Minister and Governor General•Use the Text Book (38-45) and YellowBook (20-23) to answer the followingfor each role:•What are the job requirements?•What are the job responsibilities?•How are they compensated?