Hyperbole An extreme exaggerationEx: “ I have a ton ofhomework!”
Euphemisma word or series of words whichreplaces sad, unpleasant or shockingideas with softer and nicerexpressionsEx: “Someone borrowedmoney without asking from mypurse.”
Oxymorona figure of speech that combinescontradictory terms Ex: “That joke was seriouslyfunny ” .
Alliteration Repetition of SoundsEx: “Peter Piper picked apeck of pickled peppers.How many peppers did PeterPiper pick?”
Simile A comparison using “like” or “as” The flower was as bright as the sun.
Metaphor A comparison that does not use “like” or “as”Ex: John is a real pigwhen he eats.
Onomatopoeia Words that imitate sounds“Buzz” “Zoom” “Clack” “Boom” “Smack” “Baa” “Woof” “ Swoosh” “Crunch” “Slurp” “Moo” “Pop” “Snap”
pun A play on wordsEx: “The best way tocommunicate with a fish is todrop them a line.”
IdiomsAn expression, word,or phrase that have afigurative meaning. Ex: It’s raining catsand dogs outside.
ImageryVividly descriptive wordusage that helps the readercreate pictures within theirminds Ex: I walked through the lush, green forest at dawn. I could see the golden rays of light peaking through the leaves and hear the sounds of the singing birds.