Hyperbole An extreme exaggerationEx: “ I have a ton ofhomework!”
Euphemisma word or series of words whichreplaces sad, unpleasant or shockingideas with softer and nicerexpressionsEx: “Som...
Oxymorona figure of speech that combinescontradictory terms Ex: “That joke was seriouslyfunny ”     .
Alliteration Repetition of SoundsEx: “Peter Piper picked apeck of pickled peppers.How many peppers did PeterPiper pick?”
Simile  A comparison using     “like” or “as”   The flower was as  bright as the sun.
Metaphor A comparison that does not use “like” or “as”Ex: John is a real pigwhen he eats.
Onomatopoeia   Words that imitate sounds“Buzz”     “Zoom” “Clack”     “Boom”     “Smack” “Baa” “Woof” “ Swoosh”      “Crun...
pun        A play on wordsEx: “The best way tocommunicate with a fish is todrop them a line.”
IdiomsAn expression, word,or phrase that have afigurative meaning. Ex: It’s raining catsand dogs outside.
ImageryVividly descriptive wordusage that helps the readercreate pictures within theirminds  Ex: I walked through the lush...
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Literature Elements

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Literature Elements

  1. 1. Hyperbole An extreme exaggerationEx: “ I have a ton ofhomework!”
  2. 2. Euphemisma word or series of words whichreplaces sad, unpleasant or shockingideas with softer and nicerexpressionsEx: “Someone borrowedmoney without asking from mypurse.”
  3. 3. Oxymorona figure of speech that combinescontradictory terms Ex: “That joke was seriouslyfunny ” .
  4. 4. Alliteration Repetition of SoundsEx: “Peter Piper picked apeck of pickled peppers.How many peppers did PeterPiper pick?”
  5. 5. Simile A comparison using “like” or “as” The flower was as bright as the sun.
  6. 6. Metaphor A comparison that does not use “like” or “as”Ex: John is a real pigwhen he eats.
  7. 7. Onomatopoeia Words that imitate sounds“Buzz” “Zoom” “Clack” “Boom” “Smack” “Baa” “Woof” “ Swoosh” “Crunch” “Slurp” “Moo” “Pop” “Snap”
  8. 8. pun A play on wordsEx: “The best way tocommunicate with a fish is todrop them a line.”
  9. 9. IdiomsAn expression, word,or phrase that have afigurative meaning. Ex: It’s raining catsand dogs outside.
  10. 10. ImageryVividly descriptive wordusage that helps the readercreate pictures within theirminds Ex: I walked through the lush, green forest at dawn. I could see the golden rays of light peaking through the leaves and hear the sounds of the singing birds.

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