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認識莫氏硬度表及生活中常見礦物 …

認識莫氏硬度表及生活中常見礦物

(礦物在生活中的應用)

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  • 1. 莫氏硬度表及常見礦物
    鎂礦
  • 2. 硬度測試
    硬度,易磨損程度的測量。一個世紀前Friedrich Mohs設計出一個1到10等級的莫氏硬度表。比如說硬度7的石英就很容在硬度3的方解石表面刮出刻痕。
  • 3. 莫氏硬度表(1):滑石
    滑石,有時也被稱為雞血石,是莫氏硬度規模最柔軟的礦物。
  • 4. 莫氏硬度表(1):滑石
    1910年滑石爽身粉的廣告
  • 5. 莫氏硬度表(2):石膏
    電子顯微鏡下的無毒塗料石膏;它包含了粘土、滑石粉、白堊等成份。
  • 6. 莫氏硬度表(2):石膏
    1792年Etching的畫作:販賣石膏的商人
  • 7. 莫氏硬度表(3):方解石
    近拍方解石
  • 8. 莫氏硬度表(3):方解石
    四川省黃龍寺黃龍國家公園,因為方解石沈積於底部而形成的七彩池。
  • 9. 莫氏硬度表(4):螢石
    螢石標本
  • 10. 莫氏硬度表(5):磷灰石
    磷灰石是磷酸鹽所組成的礦物
  • 11. 莫氏硬度表(6):長石
    長石標本
  • 12. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    石英礫石特寫
  • 13. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    由二氧化矽組成的石英結晶
  • 14. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    兩個完美晶形的石英結晶
  • 15. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    在電荷下以穩定速率振動的合成石英,用於手錶以維持時間準確。
  • 16. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    石英錶的典型組件
  • 17. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    TIMEX石英手錶,20世紀70年代。
  • 18. 莫氏硬度表(7):石英
    鹵素燈,鎢絲封閉在石英燈泡內,使得燈絲可在更高的溫度下工作,燈泡會有更高的亮度及更長的壽命。
  • 19. 莫氏硬度表(8):黃玉
    黃玉的晶體
  • 20. 莫氏硬度表(9):剛玉
    多種顏色的剛玉,是目前所知硬度第二高的礦物。
  • 21. 莫氏硬度表(10):金剛石
    鑽石是在地球內部高溫高壓的狀態下形成的碳化合物。
  • 22. 莫氏硬度表(10):金剛石
    顯微鏡下的裸鑽,是自然界中硬度最高的礦物。
  • 23. 莫氏硬度表(10):金剛石
    切割和打磨過後的鑽石,質量較差的則應用於工業的切割和研磨工具。
  • 24. 石墨
    石墨礦石
  • 25. 石墨
    利用石墨製成鉛筆。
  • 26. 石墨
    含碳量99%以上的碳纖維就是石墨纖維。
  • 27. 黃鐵礦
    黃鐵礦又叫愚人金
  • 28. 黃鐵礦
    19世紀中葉的版畫,圖中黃金礦工以燒紅的鏟子測試黃鐵礦。
  • 29. 雲母
    雲母標本
  • 30. 石棉
    蛇紋石石棉
  • 31. 石棉
    經常運用於建築材料的石棉
  • 32. 石棉
    顯微鏡下的石棉纖維,石棉常應用於防火和絕緣的用途。
  • 33. 石棉
    1942年利用石棉製成的防火衣進行防火測試。
  • 34. 硫磺
    硫磺標本
  • 35. 硫磺
    在氧氣中燃燒的硫磺。
  • 36. 圖片來源(大英百科quest.ebBritannica Image Quest大英百科珍藏教育應用圖庫):
    1.Magnesite - Minerals. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Oct
    2011.http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=126_485017
    2.Hardness Test: Quartz Scratches Calcite. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul
    2011. http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1990486
    3.Talc (soapstone). Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1932338
    4.Advertisement For 'Mennen's Borated Talcum Toilet Powder', From 'Theatre Magazine', 1904. Fine Art. Encyclopædia
    Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011. http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=108_244228
    5.Non-Toxic Clay Plaster (SEM). Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_2014569
    6.Plaster Figure Merchant / Etching / 1792. Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=109_108084
    7.Minerals: Calcite (Calcium Carbonate). Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=126_469699
    8.Colourful Pools Of Calcite Deposits Formed At Huanglong Temple, Huanglong National Park, UNESCO World
    Heritage Site, Sichuan Province, China, Asia. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=151_2506512
    9..luorite. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1783911
    10. Apatite. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1893057
    11. Feldspar. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1779598
    12.Quartz Conglomerate. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=118_832378
  • 37. 13. Quartz. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1912645
    14.Quartz Crystals. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1778437
    15. Quartz. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1813169
    16. Quartz Watch. Illustration. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=309_366731
    17.Timex Quartz Watch, C 1970s.. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=102_517010
    18.Halogen Light Bulb. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=132_1301484
    19. Topaz. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1937778
    20. Many Colours Of Corundum. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1801303
    21. Diamond. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1808091
    22. Raw Diamonds. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1959325
    23.Diamond. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=132_1232069
    24. Graphite. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1890270
  • 38. 25. Graphite Pencil. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=132_1219274 26. GRAPHITE TENNIS RACKET. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=131_1420119
    27. Pyrite. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=119_1786660
    28. GOLD MINERS. - Testing For Pyrites (Fool's Gold) By The Red-hot Shovel. Wood Engraving, Mid 19th Century..
    Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=140_1703871
    29. Mica. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1936946
    30.Asbestos. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1896688
    31. Asbestos Sheeting. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=132_1230040
    32. Asbestos Fibres. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=132_1184386
    33. Asbestos Suits. Photographer. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=115_879733
    34. Sulfur. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=131_1431413
    35. Sulfur Burning In Oxygen. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 27 Jul 2011.
    http://quest.eb.com/media/image.htm?mediaId=139_1898956