Structure of parliament

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Structure of parliament

  1. 1. The Structure of Parliament
  2. 2. Parliament is comprised of three parts <ul><li>The Queen </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Commons </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Government has three branches <ul><li>The Executive (the “ Crown ” ) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legislative Branch (Parliament) </li></ul><ul><li>The Judicial Branch (the courts) </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Queen <ul><li>The Queen (Queen Elizabeth II) is Canada ’ s Head of State </li></ul><ul><li>All laws are made in her name </li></ul><ul><li>In Canada she is represented by the Governor General </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Governor General <ul><li>The Governor General is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Serves for 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures there is always a government </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Senate
  7. 8. The Red Chamber in Quotes “ Under the BNA Act, the Senate was envisioned as a house of sober second thought. It has become a house of Frankenstein, with indexed pensions. ” --Laura Sabia, 1978 “ It ’ s a taskless thanks. ” --Mike Duffy on appointments to the Senate
  8. 9. In the Senate <ul><li>Members are appointed by... </li></ul><ul><li>They serve until age 75 </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate passes all bills from the House of Commons; it can introduce its own bills, except for money bills </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to represent the regions, minority groups and provinces and territories </li></ul>
  9. 10. Seats are distributed by region <ul><li>Which region has the most? </li></ul>
  10. 11. Why have there been calls to reform the Senate? <ul><li>It ’ s unelected </li></ul>
  11. 12. What are some of the reform options? <ul><li>Burn it down! (just kidding!) </li></ul><ul><li>Abolish it </li></ul><ul><li>Triple E Senate (Elected, Equal, Effective) </li></ul><ul><li>Various others, including term limits and limited elections </li></ul>

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