Orchestra is an old Greek word which means ‘a dancing place’.
In Greece, during the 5th century B.C., orchestra was the name given to the space in front of the main acting area which was used by the chorus, who danced as well as sang, and by the instrumentalists of open air theatres.
Today we use the word orchestra to mean a reasonably large clooection of instruments playing together as a group.
The orchestra has grown up gradually from early 17th century and is now a very wonderful and varied combination of instruments, which falls into four group. The Orchestra
As the name ‘woodwind’ suggests, the instruments of this section of the orchestra are mostly made of wood, though flutes are now often made of metal istead.
In each woodwind instruments there is a series of holes bored along the length of the tube. When alll the holes are covered, the instrument sounds its lowest note. But if the player uncovers the bottom hole, a higer note is sounded.
The violins of the orchestra are divided into two groups: first vioins and second violins. The difference is not in the music they play -- the first vilins usually playing higher notes than the seconds.
These consist of little wooden clappers moved by the thumb and forefinger of the player.
In the orchestra, they are placed on a stick.
Seating Plan Because of their family likenesses, the instruments of each section are grouped together. The platform is usually terraced, and the sections are positioned in such instrumental sounds and tone-colors.
Woodwind Flute Oboe Clarinet Bassoon Brass Trumpet French Horn Trombone Tuba Strings Violin Viola Cello Double Bass Percussion With pitch Without pitch Timpani Xylophone Tambourine Castanets Instruments Orchestra
The Chinese University of Hong Kong Faculty of Education EDD5161S Educational Communication & Technology Lecturer: Dr. Lee Fong Lok Lee Chui Ling (97029520) Cheung Kwan Fu (96077630) Students: