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Types Of Musical Instruments


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Trabalhos realizados pela turma EFA - Ano Lectivo 2006/2008 -
Escola Básica 2, 3 de São Vicente - Vila do Bispo

Types Of Musical Instruments

  1. 1. Escola Básica 2.3 São Vicente Curso EFA/ B3 Linguagem e comunicação estrangeira <ul><li>Presentation done by : </li></ul><ul><li>Teresa Silva </li></ul><ul><li>Tânia Soares </li></ul><ul><li>Marisa Pedro </li></ul>TYPES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
  2. 2. STRING INSTRUMENTS Characteristics : their sound is made by a vibrating strings. Strings can be made of metal, synthetic or natural materials. <ul><li>Cello </li></ul><ul><li>The cello is still bigger than the violin and viola. It has a beautiful, mellow sound. The cello must rest on the floor because it si too big to be held like the violin ora viola. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Violin </li></ul><ul><li>The violin is by far the most common orchestral instrumental. It is also the smallest out of all the strings and has the highest pitch. This is usually the first choice of musicians who want to learn a string instrumental (unless they have viola, cello, ora bass friends). </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Viola </li></ul><ul><li>The viola is slightly larger than the violin and has a deeper pitch in comparision. It is also in the &quot;middle register&quot; of the string family. Although not as popular as the violin, it si still a vital part of the orchestra. </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Bass The bass is the biggest instrumental in the string section. It also plays the widest assortment of music from classical to broadway to jazz. Although it appears the same size as the cello in the picture, it actually about 1 1/2 to 2 times taller. </li></ul>
  6. 10. Wind instruments Characteristics: The sound from wind instruments is made by air vibrating in a pipe or tube. <ul><li>Saxophone </li></ul><ul><li>The saxophone is a single reed instrumental. Depending on the player it can sound mellow or strong. It does everything from pop to big band to jazz but also has its place in classical music. </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>Flute </li></ul><ul><li>The flute really isn't a woodwind anymore, and si normally made of metal now. It produces very bright and joyful notes. </li></ul>
  8. 14. <ul><li>Piccolo </li></ul><ul><li>The piccolo is the smaller relative of the flute. It is exactly the same in all respects -- notes and fingerings -- but is a lot smaller than the flute and it has a higher pitch. </li></ul>
  9. 16. <ul><li>Clarinet </li></ul><ul><li>The clarinet is a single reed instrumental. It plays a wide range of music from classical to jazz. It also has a very wide range of notes that can be played. </li></ul>
  10. 18. <ul><li>Oboe </li></ul><ul><li>The oboe looks very similiar to the clarinet except for the fact that it has a double reed. The oboe is widely used in classical compositions. </li></ul>
  11. 20. <ul><li>Bassoon </li></ul><ul><li>The bassoon is a double reed instrumental. Because of its size, it plays very low notes and is often the backbone of the orchestra. </li></ul>
  12. 22. Brass instruments Characteristics : Are made of the metal brass. The sound is a result of a musican blowing into them. <ul><li>French Horn </li></ul><ul><li>The French Horn is often played with the right hand inside the bell. It is also said to be the most difficult instrumental to play. </li></ul>
  13. 24. <ul><li>Trumpet </li></ul><ul><li>The trumpet plays high brassy notes. An optional mute can make the trumpet sound completely different. Many great jazz players have been trumpet players. </li></ul>
  14. 26. <ul><li>Tuba </li></ul><ul><li>The tuba is the lowest instrumenta in the whole brass section. The tuba is used a lot in marches and other compositions where it is important to have a strong beat </li></ul>
  15. 28. <ul><li>Trombone </li></ul><ul><li>The trombone has the the greatest note range out of all the brass because of its slide. The 'bone is a essential part of any big band group </li></ul>
  16. 30. Percussion Characteristics: The sound is made by vibrating hitting or shaken the instrument. Different types of materials, such as metal, wood or vibrating membrane like on the drum, make different types of sounds. A different thickness or size of material can also make different sounds. <ul><li>Timpani </li></ul><ul><li>The timpanis are also commonly used in rolls. They can, however, be tuned to a certain note and have a deeper sound. </li></ul>
  17. 32. <ul><li>Cymbals </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone pretty much knows what the cymbals do. You hit them together and they produce a crashing sound. </li></ul>
  18. 34. <ul><li>Snare Drum </li></ul><ul><li>The snare drum is primarily used for rolls in a classical setting or for adding accents to music. </li></ul>
  19. 36. <ul><li>BassDrum </li></ul><ul><li>The bass drum is mainly used to keep a pulse in music. They are extensively used in marches. </li></ul>
  20. 38. The End