Large Marine Ecosystems Track 2


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Reaching Consensus on a Program of Action (reconciling local and national priorities with regional ones)

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  • Panelists from the following LMEs: Benguela Current, Guinea Current, Rio de la Plata (Patagonian Shelf and Brazilian Coastal LMEs), Balti Sea, Yellow Sea
  • The Large Marine Ecosystem Approach is consistent with this guidance and provides a framework for regional collaboration at a scale large enough to address threats to the sustainability of transboundary marine ecoystems, and the goods and services they provide. LMEs are large areas of the ocean (>200,000 km squared) characterized by distinct bathymetry, hydrography, productivity and trophic interactions. They annually produce 95% of the world’s fish catch and encompass the bulk of marine biodiversity. There are currently 65 LMEs in the World’s oceans, 21 of them eligible for GEF assistance. (insert map of LMEs).
  • 1. One should think in Program terms. Mandate for a particular Project may come from political process external to the project, as in the Peace Process in the Gulf of Aqaba, Environmental Program for Baltic and the Helsinki Commission, or other relevant conventions (such as Abidjan, Nairobi). One needs to take advantage of this for establishing the necessary Institutional Framework to implement the Project and ensuring the sustainability of the effort beyond the life of the individual project.
  • Large Marine Ecosystems Track 2

    1. 1. Large Marine Ecosystems Track 2 • Chairs: Ken Sherman, Mick O’Toole • Facilitators: David Laroche, Andy Hudson • Rapporteur: Marea Hatziolos • Panelists: Mick O’Toole, Edwin Barnes, Marcelo Hergo, Ricardo Medina, Nicole Glineur , Inesis Kis Kis, Jan Thulin, Tang Qisheng
    2. 2. WSSD Mandate for Coastal and Ocean Governance • Program of Action endorses ecosystem based approach to management • Sets targets for restoration of depleted fish stocks by 2015 and Representative Systems of MPAs by 2012 • Promotes Integrated Coastal Management
    3. 3. Large Marine Ecosystems • Large areas of the ocean (>200,000 km²) • Characterized by distinct bathymetry, hydrography, productivity and trophic interactions • Produce 95% of the world’s fish catch and encompass the highest concentration of marine biodiversity
    4. 4. Challenges and Experience in Applying LME Approach •Scale (Guinea Current, 15 countries, Baltic) •Scope (Assessing and Prioritizing Key Threats) •Pollution •Overfishing – Changes in trophic dynamics – and community structure •Pollution – Eutrophication – Toxic/Industrial Waste •Loss of Biodiversity •Loss of ecosystem goods and services loss of economic, social and environmental sustainability
    5. 5. Challenges (cont.) • Reaching Consensus on a Program of Action (reconciling local and national priorities with regional ones) • Creating a Governance Framework • Information-based Decision-making – Assessment and monitoring, economic valuation, cost/benefit analysis, benefit flows – Interpreting this to stakeholders
    6. 6. Key Lessons Learned LME approach: • requires endorsement at highest levels • can bring stakeholders together across socio-economic scales, cultural and governance traditions regional integration (“sustainability science”) – takes considerable time and effort • Should build capacity w/in region – for technical and financial sustainability • Has potential for strong synergy with other LME projects to maximize impact in area – East Asian Seas, West & East Coasts of Africa
    7. 7. Recommendations to GEF Family • Develop simple, concise handbook for LME approach; GEF/IAs to streamline procedures • Factor in appropriate time scales ~ 10 years --Organization/Implementation phase ~ 5 yrs --Operational phase ~ 5 yrs •Improve valuation of ecosystem goods and services •Strengthen incorporation of outcome indicators at LME project & program levels •Enhance synergies between LME Projects • Share information and best practice •Incorporate WSSD targets for ecosystem mg’t, restoration of depleted fish stocks, establishment of MPAs, adoption of ICM