Peter Hans Z. Tejada
Eirene Vernice O. Go
Instructional Strategies Specifications
Strategy: Problem Solving
Topic: Logical and Analytical Thinking through IQ Tests and Logical Games
Description of the Activity: In the activity, several logical games and tests will be
given to students and be answered individually and eventually as a whole in a
systematic and detailed manner.
Activity Objectives: The activity will challenge the students’ discrete and logical
thinking and reasoning through the use of games and tests that will be answered step-
Estimated Duration: 5 – 10 minutes
Materials Needed: Dice – provided by the pair; Papers
1. Approach the issue with clarity. This is the first and most important component to
problem solving. While action and energy can often assist you in overcoming challenges,
this effort is a waste if misguided or misplaced. The first step is always to approach any
issue in a clear and logical manner, even if under time constraints or pressure.
2. Understand the issue. Once you're appropriately focused, you need to run through the
problem. What are the components of the issue? What aspects are vital to a solution and
which are extraneous? Once you've broken down a problem into its vital aspects, sort
through any cause and effect relationships or patterns and cycles at work. Basically, you
want have a good grasp of what is going on.
3. Plan a strategy. After you have a good grasp of the problem, begin to plan out a
solution. In most cases this is a simple relationship of cause and effect. In dealing with a
problem, you desire to achieve a particular result. Consider what steps must be taken to
achieve said result, given the parameters posed by the problem.
4. Execute your strategy. Once you've outlined logical steps toward your desired result,
execute! If you are dealing with an issue such that conditions change upon execution,
don't be afraid to reevaluate your strategy. Is something going vastly awry? Approach
any new developments in the same logical manner in which you approached the original
problem. This is important. You must make a critical decision as to whether or not your
plan warrants alteration. Remember, changes in parameters of the issue do not
necessarily mean the steps you've outlined will fail! In addition, it is sometimes necessary
to execute your original plan fully to gain more insight into the problem. Unless this is a
one shot deal, trial-and-error is often an excellent approach.
5. Evaluate the results. Upon seeing your plan through, consider the result. Optimally,
you successfully tackled the dilemma. However, if the results you expect were not
achieved, consider your approach. Was there an error in planning or execution? Did new
parameters present themselves? Reevaluate in light of these discoveries and approach
the problem again. Sometimes you can repeat your original plan if the error was in
execution. However, if the parameters have changed then a new strategy is often
6. Continue to evaluate and execute. Several attempts may be necessary to solve the
issue. Each time, however, keep in mind logic, clarity, and focus. These are the elements
that ultimately lead to resolution. Even if you are checked by failure, clear thinking
usually leads to a successful resolution.