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HEALTHY DWELLING HEALTHY COMMUNITY
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HEALTHY DWELLING HEALTHY COMMUNITY

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Lecture on Healthy Dwelling by Dr. Abid Mahmood during the 6th International Infection Control Conference 2006

Lecture on Healthy Dwelling by Dr. Abid Mahmood during the 6th International Infection Control Conference 2006

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HEALTHY DWELLING HEALTHY COMMUNITY HEALTHY DWELLING HEALTHY COMMUNITY Presentation Transcript

  • HEALTHY DWELLING HEALTHY COMMUNITY BDS, MCPS, FICS, PGDPA, MAS DEPARTMENT OF DENTISTRY JINNAH POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL CENTRE KARACHI
  •  
  • Basic Human Needs
    • Food
    • Reproduction
    • Shelter
  • Housing means health
    • Protection against hazards to health
      • Physical
      • Mental
      • Psychological
      • Socioeconomic
      • Social
      • Cultural
  • Constraints
    • Poverty
    • Growth of population
    • Access to land
    • Urbanization
    • Policies
    • Lack of popular knowledge
    • Social development
    • Unstable political and military conditions
  •  
  • Principles related to health needs
    • Protection against communicable diseases
    • Protection against injuries, poisoning and chronic diseases
    • Reducing psychological and social stresses to a minimum
    • Improving the housing environments
    • Making informed use of housing
    • Protecting populations at special risk
  •  
  • Protection against communicable diseases
    • Safe and adequate water supply
      • Sources of water
        • Ocean 96%
        • Glacier 1.8%
        • Ground 1.8%
        • Fresh water 0.2% of all water
      • Harmful microorganisms
        • Shigellae
        • Salmonellae
        • Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
        • Enteroviruses
        • Protozoal and helminthic parasites
      • Water borne diseases
        • Diarrhoea
        • Malaria
        • Cholera
        • Dysenteries
        • Hepatitis A
        • Ascariasis
        • Typhoid
        • Various dermatological disorders
    • Sanitary disposal of excreta
      • Prime source of biological contamination of
        • Water
        • Food
        • Soil
    • Disposal of solid wastes
      • Solid wastes can cause
        • Physical injuries
        • Insect, pests and rodent vectors
        • Special population at special risk
    • Drainage of surface water
      • Inefficient drainage leads to
        • Communicable diseases
        • Safety hazards
        • Damage to property and storage
    • Personal and domestic hygiene
      • Easily and conveniently promoted if water supply and sanitary disposal are efficient
    • Special hazards due to in-house animal husbandry
    • Structural safeguard against disease transmission
      • Design to avoid over crowding
      • Space and structural characteristics
      • Maintenance
      • Roominess
      • Flooring
    • Disease transmission
      • Tuberculosis
      • Pneumonia
      • Bronchitis
      • Meningitis
      • Measles
      • Pertussis
      • Rheumatic fever
      • Influenza
      • Rubella
  • Protection against injuries, poisoning and chronic diseases
    • Structural features and furnishing
      • Use of toxic materials
        • Lead paints
        • Asbestos
        • Creosote
        • Plastics and polymers
        • Poisonous synthetic materials
      • Faulty methods of electrification and natural gas fixtures
    • Indoor air pollution
      • Common air pollutants
        • Nitric oxide
        • Carbon monoxide
        • Carbon dioxide
        • Sulphur dioxide
        • Formaldehyde
        • Smoke, arising from combustion of firewood, charcoal, tobacco
        • Other organic compounds
      • Diseases resulting from air pollutants
        • Upper and lower respiratory tract infections
        • Malignancy
        • Dermatological disorders
        • Sick building syndrome
        • Allergies
    • Chemical safety
      • Safety from household poisonous products
      • Pesticides
      • Agricultural chemicals
      • Chemicals used in home industries
    • Home as work place
  •  
  • Reducing psychological and social stresses to a minimum
    • Housing environments reduce the psychological, physical and social stresses
      • Adequate living space
      • Reasonable privacy and comfort
      • Children’s safe play area
      • Sports and recreation area
      • Reduced exposure to noise
      • Accessible community amenities
  •  
  • Improving the housing environment
    • Urban problems
      • Over crowding
      • Noise
      • Air pollution
      • Street crimes
      • Isolation
    • Rural problems
      • Poverty
      • Socioeconomic problems
      • Financial viability
      • Lack of education
      • Lack of roads and communication
  • Making informed use of housing
    • Realization of health needs
      • Provision and education
      • Motivation for optimum use of such facilities
  • Protecting population at special risk
    • Women
      • Prone to loss of vitality and resistance
    • Children
      • Susceptible to injuries
      • Nutritional deficiency
    • Old, aged, chronically ill and disabled
      • Mentally tormented due to lack of attention
      • Foci of infection spread
      • Malnourishment
  •  
  • Conclusion
    • Housing: intimately related to health
    • Appropriate housing
      • Promotes physical and mental health
      • Provides psychological security
      • Creates physical ties with community and culture
      • Yield means of identity expression
      • Produces healthy individuals leading to healthy community
  •  
  • THANX FOR BEING ATTENTIVE