Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens: A multicentric study. Nasim Sabir*, B.J.Far...
Introduction <ul><li>Blood Borne Pathogens:  Preventable Occupational  Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Universal precautions  </...
Objectives <ul><li>To determine the level of awareness among HCW regarding Blood borne pathogens. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess...
Methods <ul><li>Pre- tested structured  questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Four centers in Karachi ( Ziauddin  & PNS Shifa Ka...
Results ( epidemiology) <ul><li>A total of 200 HCWs participated  </li></ul><ul><li>40 (20%) doctors, 98 (49%) nurses, and...
Hepatitis B & C (Sources) P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Hepatitis B & C (Sources) P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Hepatitis A & E (Sources) P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Hepatitis A & E (Sources) P value * = p<0.05,  ** = p < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
HIV (Sources) P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
HIV (Sources) P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Availability of Vaccines P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Blood Borne Pathogens P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Transmission of Blood Borne Pathogens P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Sources of  BBP infections P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Procedures that can spread BBP P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Prevention for BBP P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Precautions with Needles P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001 yes Hollow bore continuous 3 or more
Knowledge for needle stick injuries P value * = p<0.05,  ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
Conclusion <ul><li>Overall Knowledge comparable in  three groups </li></ul><ul><li>Misconceptions prevalent in HCW’s </li>...
“  Real knowledge is to know  the extent of one's ignorance.”   Confucius  Thank You
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Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens

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Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens

  1. 1. Knowledge and attitude of health care workers regarding blood borne pathogens: A multicentric study. Nasim Sabir*, B.J.Farooqui*, Gohar Zaman**, R. Shaheen* * Department of Microbiology, Ziauddin University, Karachi ** Microbiology section, PNS Shifa , Karachi.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Blood Borne Pathogens: Preventable Occupational Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Universal precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic assessment of knowledge and attitude of health care workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous training and monitoring </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>To determine the level of awareness among HCW regarding Blood borne pathogens. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of awareness of risk factors and possible strategies following needle stick injuries. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Methods <ul><li>Pre- tested structured questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Four centers in Karachi ( Ziauddin & PNS Shifa Karachi) </li></ul><ul><li>20 questions (15 close ended and 5 open ended ) </li></ul><ul><li>Variables assessed Knowledge, Etiology, Transmission mode, Prevention etc </li></ul><ul><li>Risks and follow up of needle prick </li></ul>
  5. 5. Results ( epidemiology) <ul><li>A total of 200 HCWs participated </li></ul><ul><li>40 (20%) doctors, 98 (49%) nurses, and 62 (31%) Paramedical staff </li></ul><ul><li>42% were males </li></ul><ul><li>Mean age of respondents was 28.57 ± 6.8 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of Hepatitis viruses 54% (5) 17.5% (4) & 28% (3 or less) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hepatitis B & C (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  7. 7. Hepatitis B & C (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  8. 8. Hepatitis A & E (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  9. 9. Hepatitis A & E (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = p < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  10. 10. HIV (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  11. 11. HIV (Sources) P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  12. 12. Availability of Vaccines P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  13. 13. Blood Borne Pathogens P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  14. 14. Transmission of Blood Borne Pathogens P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  15. 15. Sources of BBP infections P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  16. 16. Procedures that can spread BBP P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  17. 17. Prevention for BBP P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  18. 18. Precautions with Needles P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001 yes Hollow bore continuous 3 or more
  19. 19. Knowledge for needle stick injuries P value * = p<0.05, ** = P < 0.01, *** = p< 0.001
  20. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>Overall Knowledge comparable in three groups </li></ul><ul><li>Misconceptions prevalent in HCW’s </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate Knowledge regarding risk factors for needle stick injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute lack of knowledge regarding follow up of needle stick injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey a good opportunity to assess situation </li></ul>
  21. 21. “ Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.”   Confucius Thank You

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