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優化土地供應策略專題討論 3︰在維港以外填海 Enhancing Land Supply Strategy Topical Discussion 3: Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour
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優化土地供應策略專題討論 3︰在維港以外填海 Enhancing Land Supply Strategy Topical Discussion 3: Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour

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Enhancing Land Supply Strategy - Stage 1 Public Engagement …

Enhancing Land Supply Strategy - Stage 1 Public Engagement
優化土地供應策略 - 第一階段公眾參與
Topical Discussion 3: Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour - A Land Supply Option
專題討論 3︰在維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式
Date: 7 Jan 2012 (Saturday)
日期︰2012年1月7日(星期六)
Time: 2:30pm - 5:30pm
時間︰下午2:30至下午5:30
Venue: Chamber 3, InnoCentre, 72 Tat Chee Ave, Kowloon Tong
地點︰九龍塘達之路72號九龍塘創新中心展覽廳三


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  • 1. Enhancing Land Supply Strategy:Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour and Rock Cavern Development 優化土地供應策略: 維港以外填海及發展岩洞 3rd Topical Discussion (7 January 2012): Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour - A Land Supply Option 第三場專題討論(2012年1月7日): 在維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式
  • 2.  Land Demand and Supply Options 土地需求及供應方案 Land Reserve 土地儲備 Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour – A Land Supply Option 維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式 Possible Reclamation Sites 可考慮的填海地點 Guiding Principles and Initial Site Selection Criteria 指導原則及初步選址準則
  • 3. Housing and Development Needs – Increased Population 房屋及發展需要 - 人口增長 By 2039: • Population estimated to grow by 25%, reaching 8.9 million • number of households increase almost by 30% to 3.1 million during the same period. 至2039年: • 香港人口估計會有25%的增長, 達890萬 • 住戶數目會有接近3成的增幅至 Population growth 2011 7.1M 人口增長 310萬戶。 2030 8.4M 2039 8.9M Household growth 2011 2.4M 住戶增長 2030 2.9M Housing demand 2039 3.1M 房屋需求3
  • 4. Housing and Development Needs – Economic Development 房屋及發展需要 - 經濟發展 Economic Development •Four Pillar Industries: financial services, trading and logistics, tourism, and professional services have been the drivers of HK’s economic growth and jobs creation. •Six industries actively promoted by the Government: medical services, environmental industries, testing and certification services, education services, innovation and technology, and cultural and creative industries, also require land for development. •To enhance our competitiveness, adequate land should be provided for infrastructure and business use. 經濟發展 •四大支柱行業:金融、貿易及物流、旅遊,以及專業服務 一直是香港經濟增長動力及工作職位來源。 •政府正積極推動的六大產業 : 醫療、環保、檢測及認證、 教育、創新科技,以及文化及創意,亦需要土地供應配合 發展。 •為提升香港的競爭力,我們需要提供足夠商業用地及其他 土地進行基礎建設。4
  • 5. Housing and Development Needs – Social Needs 房屋及發展需要 - 社會需求 Quality of Life Public’s aspiration to improve the living environment by •lowering building density •having more open space •conserving the natural environment •preserving culture and heritage 生活質素 大眾對改善生活環境的期望,包括: •降低建築密度 •增加活動空間 •保護自然環境 •保存文化和文物5
  • 6. Existing Land Supply Options 土地供應方案 Existing land supply options: 種現有土地供應模式: 1.Redevelopment 重建 2.Rezoning Land 更改土地用途 3.Land Resumption 收地 4.Reclamation 填海 5.Rock Cavern Development 發展岩洞 6.Reuse of ex-quarry sites 利用前石礦場6
  • 7. Options and challenges 模式與挑戰7
  • 8. Land Supply by Different Options in the Past Decade 過去十年不同方案供應的土地8
  • 9. Broad Land Usage Distribution 概括土地用途的分布情況 (2010) Area面積Land Use Categories類別 % (sq.km.平方公里)Residential 住宅 76 6.9% Private Residential 私人住宅 25 Public Residential 公營房屋 16 Rural Settlement 鄉郊居所 35Commercial 商業 4 0.4%Industrial (incl open storage) 26 2.3%工業(包括露天貯物用地)Institutional / Open Space 機構/休憩用地 49 4.4% Government, Institutional & Community Facilities 25 政府、機構和社區設施 Open Space 休憩用地 24Transportation 運輸 56 5.1% Roads 道路 40 Railways 鐵路 3 Airport 機場 13Other Urban or Built-up Land (incl Cemeteries and crematoriums, Utilities, etc) 52 4.7%其他都市或已建設土地 (包括墳場和火葬場、公用事業設施等等)Sub-total (Built- Up Areas) 小計 (都市或已建設土地) 263 ≈ 24%Agricultural Land 農業 68 6.1%Woodland/Shrubland/Grassland/Wetland 740 66.8%林地/灌叢/草地/濕地Barren Land (incl badland, rocky shore, quarries) 7 0.6%荒地(包括劣地,岩岸,石礦場)Water Bodies 水體 30 2.7%TOTAL 總計 1108 100% 9
  • 10. Future Land Demand 未來土地需求 (2039) 2010 In 2010, for Hong Kong’s 7M population: Ratio of land for residential to supporting infrastructure is • 76km2 residential land 76:99 = 1:1.3 • 99km2 land for supporting infrastructure* 住宅用地和配套基礎設施用地比例為76:99 = 1:1.3 在2010年,香港700萬人口需要: • 76平方公里住宅用地 • 99平方公里配套基礎設施用地* *Land for supporting infrastructure includes 79km2 land for economic activities, community facilities and 20km2 land for major roads but excluding strategic transport infrastructure, e.g. railways Every 1M population need 11km2 residential land and and airport 14km2 land for supporting infrastructure 配套基礎設施用地包括79平方公里土地作經濟用途、公共配套設施, 每1百萬人口需要11平方公里住宅用地 和20平方公里土地作主要道路但不包括策略性運輸基建設施,如鐵 及14平方公里配套基礎設施用地 路或機場 2039 It will need 20km2 residential land Assuming in 2039: and 25km2 land for supporting infrastructure 1. additional population of 1.8M, and 2. similar development density adopted i.e. 45km2 (or 4,500 ha) 假設在2039年: 額外土地需要為20平方公里住宅用地 1. 新增人口為180萬,及 及25平方公里配套基礎設施用地 2. 以相約發展密度計算 即共需 45平方公里 (或 4,500 公頃)10
  • 11. Major Land Supply Sources 主要土地供應來源 (1):Development Projects 發展項目 Site Area Land Supply Options 供地模式 發展面積 Rezoning Land Redevelopment Resumption Reuse of Ex- Reclamation (latest est. 更改土地 重建 收地 quarry Sites 填海 最近估算) 用途 重用前石礦場West Kowloon Cultural District 40 ha Land development completed 開拓土地工作完成西九龍文化區Kai Tak Development 320 ha Land development completed 開拓土地工作完成啟德發展區Tseung Kwan O South 60 ha Land development largely completed 開拓土地大致工作完成將軍澳南Tung Chung Remaining Area 250 ha   東涌餘下發展區New Development Areas in NT 1050 ha  新界新發展區Ex-quarry sites (4 nos.) 160 ha  前石礦場 (4個地點)Other Housing Projects 870 ha   其他房屋發展項目11
  • 12. Major Land Supply Sources 主要土地供應來源 (2):Rezoning and redevelopment 更改土地用途及重建 Site Area Land Supply Options 供地模式 發展面積 Rezoning Land Redevelopment Resumption Reuse of Ex- Reclamation (latest est. 更改土地 重建 收地 quarry Sites 填海 最近估算) 用途 重用前石礦場As pursued in 2011 PolicyAddress, rezoning part ofindustrial land, green belt,agricultural land for non-industrial and housing use 260 ha   按2011年施政報告所推動的,將部分工業用地、綠化地帶和農業用地改劃作非工業發展用途及房屋用地Known redevelopment projectsURA and private developersunder consideration (as at Dec 30 ha  2011) Total land can be正被考慮的政府及私營 provided is about 3040 ha發展商重建項目 總共提供約3040公頃(截至2011年12月) 可發展土地12
  • 13. Uncertainties in estimate of land supply and demand 估算土地供需所牽涉的變數 For Example 例如 : • Population growth 人口增長 • Transport infrastructures 道路運輸基建 • Aspiration for development density and community facilities 對發展密度及社區設施的期望 • Rezoning 更改土地用途 • To create a land reserve 要建立土地儲備 • To speed up implementation of practicable supply options 要加快推行實際可行的供地模式To have a more flexible and resilient mix of land supply options 務求有一個更靈活及具彈性的土地供應模式組合 1313
  • 14. Limitation of Developing Remaining Area 餘下土地的發展局限Remaining Area Key Limitations on Development餘下土地主要分區 主要發展局限1. Green Belt 綠化地帶 • Buffer zone between developed area and country park, etc. • Protection of vegetation, PlanD is reviewing some green belt areas • 已開發地區和郊野公園之間的緩衝地帶 • 保護植被、規劃署正檢討部份綠化地帶2. Rural Area 鄉郊地方 Scattered ownership, conservation of rural character, insufficient infrastructure 業權分散、保育鄉郊特色、基建不足3. In Proximity to Boundary Area Conservation, mangroves, government does not have the leading role 靠近邊境禁區 in development 保育、紅樹林等、政府沒有發展主導權4. Outlying Islands and Other Scattered ownership, insufficient infrastructure, sloping topographyAreas 離島及其他地區 業權分散、基建不足、斜坡 Government does not have the leading role in development, so difficult to develop in large-scale. 政府沒有發展主導權,難作大規模發展。
  • 15.  Land Demand and Supply Options 土地需求及供應方案 Land Reserve 土地儲備 Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour – A Land Supply Option 維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式 Possible Reclamation Sites 可考慮的填海地點 Guiding Principles and Initial Site Selection Criteria 指導原則及初步選址準則
  • 16. Land Reserve 土地儲備Policy Address 2011-2012Policy on Land Development and Accumulation43. We have to innovate to expand our landresources……Our aim is to ensure an annual supplyof land for an average of about 40 000 residentialunits of various types. Even when demand for landdeclines, land development will continue. The newlydeveloped land will be kept in the Governmentsland reserve and made available whenappropriate. By doing so, we will be able to supplysufficient land for more than 40 000 units each yearwhen demand rises.2011-12年度施政報告發展及積存土地政策43. 我們必須以創新思維開拓土地資源……我們的目標,是確保供應的土地每年平均能提供約四萬個各類住宅單位。當土地需求下降時,開拓土地工作會繼續,新開拓土地會成為政府土地儲備,在適當時候再推出,務求做到當需求上升時,可及時提供足夠土地應付超過四萬個單位的需求。16
  • 17. Land Reserve 土地儲備Establish Land Reserve in three forms運用3 種形式來建立土地儲備 Land is formed first. It can be developed readily when the needs arise. It can meet short-term needs in 3 to 4 years. 先平整土地,以備有需求時可即時進行發展。可在3至4年內完成發展以 滿足短期需要。 Potential sites are identified with the necessary studies and design work completed. Site formation and building works can commence immediately when the need is confirmed. It can meet medium-term needs in 6 to 7 years. 在已物色的可行地點,先完成研究及設計工作。在確定有 需求時,土地開拓及建造工程可以立即動工。可在6至7年內完成 發展以滿足中期需要。 Potential sites that fulfill the site selection criteria are reserved. Further studies to ascertain their feasibility and design works will only be carried out after the need is established. Including the construction period, it can meet long-term needs in 9 to10 years. 預留符合選址準則的可行地點,待日後有需求時才進一步研究其可行性及17 開展設計工作。連同工程建造期,可在9至10年內完成發展以滿足長期需要。
  • 18. Land Reserve 土地儲備Land Supply Options Suitability for Land Reserve現有土地供應模式 作為土地儲備的適合性Redevelopment Not suitable 不適合重建 • Private owners and developers take leading role 業主和私營發展商主導開發進程Rezoning Land Not suitable 不適合更改土地用途 • Involves private owners and developers, actual development hinges on market response 牽涉私人業主和發展商,實際發展情況視乎市場情況Land Resumption Not suitable 不適合收地 • Can only be used for designated purposes and/or projects 所得土地只能作指定用途和/或項目發展Reuse of ex-quarry sites Suitable 適合利用前石礦場 • Create small to medium sized land only, and supply is limited 只能創造小到中型土地,且數量有限Rock Cavern Development Suitable 適合發展岩洞 • Release land occupied by existing facility and its surrounding area that are now sterilized for development 釋放現有設施所佔土地及其附近土地作發展Reclamation Most Suitable 非常適合填海 • Have less impact on existing land and good for large reserve 沒有影響現有土地用途,且能創造大面積的土地儲備18
  • 19.  Land Demand and Supply Options 土地需求及供應方案 Land Reserve 土地儲備 Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour – A Land Supply Option 維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式 Possible Reclamation Sites 可考慮的填海地點 Guiding Principles and Initial Site Selection Criteria 指導原則及初步選址準則
  • 20. Reclamation 填海20
  • 21. Reclamation 填海 Reclaimed Area in Hong Kong – 6824ha 香港填海面積 – 6824 公頃 • 27% of population • 70% of office area • New towns, e.g. Tuen Mun, Tung Chung, Tsuen Wan, Shatin, Tai Po, Tseung Kwan O are all on reclaimed land • 27%的人口 • 70%的總辦公室樓面面積 • 新市鎮屯門、東涌、荃灣 、沙田、大埔、將軍澳都 是建設在填海地上21
  • 22. Reclamation 填海 About 500 to 700 ha of land was reclaimed every five years from 1985 to 2004 從1985年至2004年 每5年約有 500 至700公頃土地是藉填海獲得 Land Reclaimed (ha) Year 年期 填海面積(公頃) Remarks 註 1985 – 1989 697 Excluding reclamation of 1274 ha at 1990 – 1994 467 Chek Lap Kok and West Kowloon 不包括赤鱲角及西九龍的1274公頃填海土地 1995 – 1999 577 2000 – 2004 550 2005 – 2009 84 2010 122
  • 23. Reclamation 填海 Examples 例子 Hong Kong International Airport Stanley Promenade 香港國際機場 赤柱海旁 Tai Po Waterfront Park Inspiration Lake & HK Disney Resort 大埔海濱公園 迪欣湖及香港廸士尼樂園23
  • 24. Reclamation 填海 Seabed 海床 Minimizing Environmental Impacts 減少對環境的影響方法 Dredged Level 開挖水平  Innovative technology - Non Dredging 創新技術 - 免疏浚  Creation of Eco-shorelines 生態海岸的創造 Public fill Public fill 建築填料 建築填料  Requirement of Environmental Impact Assessment 環境影響評估之需要24
  • 25. Public Fill 建築填料 Public Fill 建築填料 • Generated from Construction, Excavation, Renovation, Demolition and Road Works • Comprising rocks, concrete, asphalt, rubbles, bricks, stones and earth • 從建築、挖掘、裝修、拆卸及道路工程 中產生 • 由岩石、混凝土、瀝青、瓦礫、磚塊、 碎石及泥土等組成25
  • 26. Public Fill 建築填料Sorting of Public Fill in Fill Banks 於填料庫分類篩選建築填料 Public Fill 建築填料 Construction & Sorting Facilities Demolition 拆建物料分類設施 Material 拆建物料 C&D waste 拆建廢料
  • 27. Public Fill 建築填料 Reduce, Reuse and Recycle 減少、再用及循環再造• Infrastructure is essential to support economic development and to improve quality of life.• Since 2000, all works departments are required to draw up C&D Material Management Plan for major projects with a view to minimizing C&D materials generation by “Reduce, Reuse and Recycle”.• All contractors of Government works contracts are required to prepare and implement “Waste Management Plan” by on-site and implementing a trip-ticket system to ensure different C&D materials go to appropriate reception sites.• “Construction Waste Disposal Charging Scheme” in 2006 encourages developers / contractors to reduce generation of C&D materials and carry out on-site sorting to facilitate reuse and recycling. Since the implementation of this scheme, the overall disposal of construction waste was reduced by 20 - 25% from 2006 to 2009.• 為配合經濟發展及提高市民生活質素,發展基建是需要的。• 為達致「減少、重用及回收」拆建物料,由2000年開始,香港 政府已為主要工程項目實行「拆建物料管理計劃」。• 政府工程項目承建商須實行「廢物管理計劃」,包括工地源頭 分類及運載記錄制度。• 由2006年開始實行「廢物處置收費計劃」鼓勵發展商及承建商 減少產生拆建物料及將拆建物料於工地源頭分類。由2006年至 2009年,此計劃令整體建築廢料量減少20%-25%。
  • 28. Public Fill 建築填料Problem of Surplus Public Fill 剩餘建築填料所產生的問題Despite successful implementationof 3R in the past few years,construction activities stillgenerate about 6 to 7 milliontonnes surplus public fill eachyear儘管在過去幾年成功實施3R ,每年建造業仍然產生的剩餘建築填料約600萬至700萬公噸
  • 29. Public Fill 建築填料 Delivery to the Mainland for Reuse 運往內地重用 • km away from HK Long distance - 170 miles away from HK • Need 65 nos. vessels for delivery • Round trip takes about 22 hours • Likely be affected by inclement weather • Consume 19,000 litres diesel more per day • Carbon emission 50 tonnes more per day • $27 per tonnes more than for local reclamation Hong Kong 香港  台山距離香港約170 公里  需65 艘遠洋船去運送  往返來回約22 小時  有機會受惡劣天氣影響 Taishan 每日額外消耗19,000公升柴油 台山   每日額外碳排放量50公噸  比本地填海每公噸多$2729
  • 30. Disposal of Contaminated Sediment 處置污染海泥 Dredging of harbour fairways and other marine works generate about 2 to 2.5 million m3 of contaminated sediments each year 每年疏浚航道及其他海事 工程產生約 200 至 250 萬 立方米污染海泥30
  • 31. Disposal of Contaminated Sediment 處置污染海泥 屯門 Sha Chau 沙洲 擬建的屯門至赤鱲 Existing disposal facilities 現有卸置設施 角連接路 The Brothers 大小磨刀 Proposed disposal facilities 擬建的卸置設施 Hong Kong International Airport 香港國際機場 擬建的港珠澳 大橋香港口岸31
  • 32. Disposal of Contaminated Sediment 處置污染海泥 Confined Disposal Facilities (CDF) 密閉污泥處理設施 Public Fill 公眾填料 Contaminated Sediment 污泥 Seawall 海堤32
  • 33. Disposal of Contaminated Sediment 處置污染海泥 Overseas Experience on CDF 密閉污泥卸置設施海外經驗 Semakau in Singapore 新加坡的SemakauGreat Lake in USA and Canada 美國及加拿大的大湖區Times Beach CDF KenoshaDetroit River – Pointe Mouillee Harbour CDF CDF Small Boat Harbour CDFManitowoc Harbour CDF De Slufter in Netherland 33 荷蘭的 De Slufter
  • 34.  Land Demand and Supply Options 土地需求及供應方案 Land Reserve 土地儲備 Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour – A Land Supply Option 維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式 Possible Reclamation Sites 可考慮的填海地點 Guiding Principles and Initial Site Selection Criteria 指導原則及初步選址準則
  • 35. Statutory Protected / Constrained Areas 法規保護 / 限制海岸及海域 LEGEND 1 Victoria Harbour 維港 2 Closed Area 禁區 3 Ramsar Site 拉姆薩爾濕地 4 Marine Park 海岸公園/ Marine Reserve海岸保護區 5 SSSI 具特殊科學價值地點 6 Fairway 航道 Sensitive Shoreline 易受影響的海岸線 Marine Constrained Area 受限制海岸及海域35
  • 36. Limited Areas 有局限地區36
  • 37. Possible Reclamation Sites 可考慮的填海地點 D4 船灣 Shuen Wan C8 大埔工業邨 Tai Po Industrial Estate C9 大埔滘 Tai Po Kau C10 馬料水 D5 烏溪沙 D1 龍鼓灘 Ma Liu Shui Wu Kai Sha Lung Kwu Tan C2 屯門27區 C1 屯門40區 Tuen Mun Area Tuen Mun 27 C3 青龍頭 Area 40 Tsing Lung Tau 填海面積 Reclamation Area D2 大欖涌 小 Small (10-29 ha 公頃) Tai Lam Chung C5 欣澳 中 Medium (30-99 ha 公頃) Sunny Bay C4 小蠔灣 C6 青衣西南 Siu Ho Wan Southwest Tsing Yi D6 將軍澳131區 Tseung Kwan O Area 大 Large (> 100 ha 公頃) 131 D3 銀礦灣北 B1 坪洲 – 喜靈洲 Silver Mine Bay Peng Chau – Hei Ling Chau C11 沙灣 甲類–人工島方案 North C13 將軍澳東 C7 銀礦灣南 Sandy Bay Tseung Kwan O East Silver Mine Bay Category A (Artificial island) South 乙類–連島方案 Category B (Reclamation to A3 南丫北 connect islands) A1 喜靈洲西 Lamma North Hei Ling Chau West D7 石澳石礦場 Shek O Quarry 丙類–於人工或曾受改動 C12 南丫石礦場 海岸綫填海 Lamma Quarry Category C (Reclamation upon artificial or disturbed A2 長洲南 shoreline) South Cheung Chau 丁類–於天然但非受保護 B2 螺洲 海岸綫填海 Beaufort Island Category D (Reclamation upon natural but not protected shoreline)37
  • 38. Possible Reclamation Sites - Artificial Island 可考慮的填海地點 -人工島方案 填海面積 Reclamation Area A3 南丫北 A1 喜靈洲西 Lamma North 10-29 ha 公頃 Hei Ling Chau West 30-99 ha 公頃 A2 長洲南 South Cheung Chau > 100 ha 公頃 甲類–人工島方案 Category A (Artificial island)38
  • 39. Possible Reclamation Sites - Artificial Island 可考慮的填海地點 -人工島方案 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項A1 Hei Ling Chau West  Large  Medium to large scale development 喜靈洲西  大  可作中至大規模發展  West of existing breakwater of Hei Ling  Need to provide transport link to HK Chau Typhoon Shelter Island/Lantau Island  於喜靈洲避風塘現有防波堤以西海面  需提供運輸配套往香港島/大嶼山  Typical water depth 6.5m  Close to a fish culture zone at Chi Ma Wan  毗鄰芝麻灣養魚區  水深約6.5米A2 South Cheung Chau  Very large (>1500 ha)  Large scale development 長洲南  很大(>1500公頃)  可作大規模發展  Near southern boundary of HK water  Far from city centre and difficult to provide  鄰近香港水域南端 transport link  Typical water depth 14.5m  遠離市中心和較難提供運輸連接  Need to provide utilities infrastructure  水深約14.5米  需提供公共設施基建  Finless porpoises seen in vicinity  於附近曾發現有江豚蹤跡A3 Lamma North  Large (>400 ha)  Large scale development 南丫北  大(>400公頃)  可作大規模發展  Bound by East Lamma Channel, West  Close to urban area on HK Island Lamma Channel and Lamma Island  接近港島市區  於東博寮海峽、西博寮海峽及南丫島  Need to provide transport link to HK Island  需提供交通配套往香港島 之間  Require re-provisioning of marine  Typical water depth 7.5m anchorage areas  水深約7.5米  需要重置碇泊區 39
  • 40. Possible Reclamation Sites - Reclamation to Connect Islands 可考慮的填海地點 -連島方案 B1 坪洲 – 喜靈洲 Peng Chau – Hei Ling Chau 填海面積 Reclamation Area 10-29 ha 公頃 30-99 ha 公頃 > 100 ha 公頃 B2 螺洲 Beaufort Island 乙類–連島方案 Category B (Reclamation to connect islands)40
  • 41. Possible Reclamation Sites - Reclamation to Connect Islands 可考慮的填海地點 -連島方案 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項B1 Peng Chau-Hei Ling Chau  Very large (>700 ha)  Large scale development 坪洲 – 喜靈洲  很大(>700公頃)  可作大規模發展  Bounded by Kau Yi Chau, Peng Chau, Hei  Need to provide transport link to HK Island Ling Chau and Adamasta Channel / Lantau Island  於交椅洲、坪洲、喜靈洲及北長洲海  需提供交通配套往香港島/大嶼山  Need to consider impact on Correctional 峽之間 Services Institutions on Hei Ling Chau  Typical water depth 6m  需考慮對喜靈洲懲教設施的影響  水深約6米B2 Beaufort Island  Large (>300 ha)  Medium to large scale development 螺洲  大(>300公頃)  可作中至大規模發展  Bounded by Beaufort Island and Po Toi  Need to provide transport link to HK Island  於螺洲及蒲台之間  需提供交通配套往香港島  Typical water depth 25m  Presence of key coral areas around Po Toi and southern part of Beaufort Island  水深約25米  於蒲台及螺洲以南附近發現有珊瑚區  Finless porpoises seen in the vicinity  於附近曾發現有江豚蹤跡 41
  • 42. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Artificial or Disturbed Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 -於人工或曾受改動海岸綫填海 C8 大埔工業邨 Tai Po Industrial Estate C9 大埔滘 Tai Po Kau C10 馬料水 Ma Liu Shui C2 屯門27區 C1 屯門40區 Tuen Mun Area Tuen Mun 27 C3 青龍頭 Area 40 Tsing Lung Tau C5 欣澳 Sunny Bay C4 小蠔灣 C6 青衣西南 Siu Ho Wan Southwest Tsing Yi C11 沙灣 C13 將軍澳東 C7 銀礦灣南 Sandy Bay Tseung Kwan O East Silver Mine Bay South 填海面積 Reclamation Area 小 Small (10-29 ha 公頃) 中 Medium (30-99 ha 公頃) C12 南丫石礦場 Lamma Quarry 大 Large (> 100 ha 公頃) 丙類–於人工或曾受改動 海岸綫填海 Category C (Reclamation upon artificial or disturbed shoreline)42
  • 43. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Artificial or Disturbed Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 -於人工或曾受改動海岸綫填海 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項C1 Tuen Mun Area 40  Medium  Accessible to existing road network 屯門 40 區  中  接近現有道路網絡  Bounded by proposed Tuen  Chinese White Dolphins seen in the vicinity Mun-Chek Lap Kok Link  於附近曾發現中華白海豚蹤跡 Northern Landfall and existing waterfront  於擬建屯門赤鱲角連接路北面隧 道口和現有海濱之間  Typical water depth 11m  水深約11米C2 Tuen Mun Area 27  Small  Accessible to existing road network (Sam Shing)  小  接近現有道路網絡 屯門 27 區(三聖)  East of existing breakwater at  Close to existing residential developments; need to blend in Tuen Mun Typhoon Shelter with local community  於現有屯門避風塘防波堤東面  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區  Typical water depth 3m  Close to gazetted beaches  水深約3米  附近有刊憲泳灘C3 Tsing Lung Tau  Small  Accessible to existing road network 青龍頭  小  接近現有道路網絡  Bounded by Castle Peak Road  Close to existing residential developments; need to blend in and Urmston Road with local community  於青山公路及龍鼓水道之間  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區  Typical water depth 5m  Reclamation limit restricted by a major navigation route  水深約5米 (Urmston Road)  填海區的範圍受主要航道(龍鼓水道)的限制 43
  • 44. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Artificial or Disturbed Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 -於人工或曾受改動海岸綫填海 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項C4 Siu Ho Wan  Large  Medium scale development 小蠔灣  大  可作中型規模發展  North of Tung Chung MTR line  Easily accessible to major road network and North Lantau Highway  易於連接現有的主要道路網絡  於地鐵東涌線及北大嶼山公路以北  Need to address aircraft noise nuisance in future  Typical water depth 3m developments on northern part of the site  水深約3米  地點的北面部分發展時需考慮飛機噪音的影響C5 Sunny Bay  Medium  Easily accessible to major road network 欣澳  中  易於連接現有的主要道路網絡  Bounded by Tung Chung MTR line  Chinese White Dolphins have been seen in the vicinity and North Lantau Highway in the  於附近曾發現中華白海豚蹤跡 south  Need to address aircraft noise nuisance in future  於地鐵東涌線及北大嶼山公路以北 developments on northern part of the site  Typical water depth 8m  發展需考慮飛機噪音的影響  水深約8米  Development height restriction from 30 to 110mPD over the south western part of the site due to proximity to HK Disneyland  因鄰近香港迪士尼主題公園,地點的西南面發展高度限制為主 水平基準以上30至110米C6 Southwest Tsing Yi  Large  Medium scale development 青衣西南  大  可作中型規模發展  Next to oil storage areas and  Close to city centre and existing road network dockyards  鄰近市中心及現有的道路網絡  附近為油庫和船塢  Require re-provisioning of existing oil depots and dockyards  Typical water depth 20m  需要重新配置現有的油庫及船塢  水深約20米  Potential site for Container Terminal CT10 44  可能的十號貨櫃碼頭選址
  • 45. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Artificial or Disturbed Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 -於人工或曾受改動海岸綫填海 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項C7 Silver Mine Bay South  Small  Accessible to existing road network but require upgrading of 銀鑛灣南  小 local roads  Near existing residential  可接駁現有道路網絡,但需提升道路流量 development at Mui Wo  Close to Mui Wo waterfront and ferry pier; require re- waterfront provisioning of ferry pier  鄰近梅窩海旁屋苑  毗鄰現有梅窩海濱和渡輪碼頭;需重新配置梅窩渡輪碼頭  Typical water depth 4m  水深約4米C8 Tai Po Industrial Estate  Small  Accessible to existing road network 大埔工業邨  小  接近現有道路網絡  Abutting Tai Po Industrial Estate  Close to the closed Shuen Wan landfill site which is currently and Tai Po Waterfront Park used as Tai Po Shuen Wan Golf Centre  毗鄰大埔工業邨和大埔海濱公園  毗鄰已關閉的船灣堆填區,目前為大埔船灣高爾夫球中心  Typical water depth 3m.  Close to gas production plant  水深約3米  毗鄰煤氣廠C9 Tai Po Kau  Medium  Easily accessible to major road network 大埔滘  中  易於連接現有的主要道路網絡  Bounded by Tolo Highway and  Close to Tai Po town centre Island House Interchange  鄰近大埔市中心  北臨吐露港公路及前政務司官邸  Close to existing mangrove habitat 附近道路交匯處  毗鄰現有紅樹林  Typical water depth 3m  水深約3米 45
  • 46. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Artificial or Disturbed Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 -於人工或曾受改動海岸綫填海 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項C10 Ma Liu Shui  Medium  Synergy effect with the adjacent STSTW upon its relocation 馬料水  中  與搬遷沙田污水處理廠後用地產生協同效應  Bounded by Tolo Highway and Sha Tin  Easily accessible to major road network Treatment Works (STSTW)  易於連接現有的主要道路網絡  毗鄰吐露港公路及沙田污水處理  Residential development on opposite side of Shing Mun 廠  Typical water depth 3m. River; need to blend in with local community  水深約3米  鄰近城門河對岸有住宅;規劃設計需要融入社區C11 Sandy Bay  Small  Accessible to existing road network but need to address 沙灣  小 traffic capacity concern of Pok Fu Lam area  On seaward side of Stanley Ho Sports  可接駁現有道路網絡,但需考慮對薄扶林區交通的影響 Centre  Close to existing residential developments; need to blend in  於何鴻燊體育中心前  Typical water depth 7m with local community  水深約7米  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區C12 Lamma Quarry  Small  Synergy effect with development on ex-Lamma Quarry site 南丫石礦場  小  與停產後的石礦場發展產生協同效應  Adjoining ex-Lamma quarry site  Need to upgrade existing ferry facilities  毗連前南丫島石礦場  需提升現有渡輪設施  Typical water depth 9m  Close to a fish culture zone at Sok Kwu Wan  水深約9米  毗鄰索罟灣魚類養殖區C13 Tseung Kwan O East  Medium  Accessible to existing road network 將軍澳東  中  接近現有道路網絡  Adjoining Tseung Kwan O Industrial  Close to existing residential development; need to blend in Estate with local community  毗鄰將軍澳工業邨  Typical water depth 8m  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區  水深約8米  Close to Tseung Kwan O landfill site 46  鄰近將軍澳堆填區
  • 47. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Natural but Not Protected Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 –於天然但非受保護海岸綫填海 D4 船灣 Shuen Wan D5 烏溪沙 Wu Kai Sha D1 龍鼓灘 Lung Kwu Tan D2 大欖涌 Tai Lam Chung D6 將軍澳131區 Tseung Kwan O Area 131 D3 銀礦灣北 Silver Mine Bay North 填海面積 Reclamation Area 10-29 ha 公頃 D7 石澳石礦場 30-99 ha 公頃 Shek O Quarry > 100 ha 公頃 丁類–於天然但非受保護 海岸綫填海 Category D (Reclamation upon natural but not protected shoreline)47
  • 48. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Natural but Not Protected Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 –於天然但非受保護海岸綫填海 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項D1 Lung Kwu Tan  Large > 400 ha  Large scale development 龍鼓灘  大(>400公頃)  可作大規模發展  Close to power stations to the north  Accessible to existing road network but need to upgrade and south; villages at Lung Kwu Tan ( 龍鼓灘) and Lung Kwu Sheung Tan (龍 local roads 鼓上灘)  可接駁現有道路網絡,但需提升道路流量  毗鄰發電廠位於填海區北面及南  Chinese white dolphins have been seen in the vicinity 面; 村落位於龍鼓灘及龍鼓上灘  於附近曾發現中華白海豚蹤跡  Typical water depth 4m  Site of conservation importance and Juvenile horseshoe  水深約4米 crab recorded in the vicinity  於附近有具保育價值的地點及馬蹄蟹D2 Tai Lam Chung  Medium  Accessible to existing road network 大欖涌  中  接近現有道路網絡  Near Castle Peak Road (Tai Lam)  Close to existing residential developments; need to address  近青山公路大欖段 local community concern  Typical water depth 3m  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區  水深約3米  Airport height restriction from 50 to 95mPD over the site  機場高度限制由主水平基準以上50至95米D3 Silver Mine Bay North  Small  Close to Mui Wo town centre , but need a new road to 銀鑛灣北  小 connect  Across water at east of Mui Wo  鄰近梅窩市中心,但需建造道路接駁  梅窩以東對岸  Close to a site of archaeological interest  Typical water depth 2m  鄰近具考古價值的地點  深約2米 48
  • 49. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Natural but Not Protected Shoreline 可考慮的填海地點 –於天然但非受保護海岸綫填海 Reclamation Site Area, location and water depth Main Developments/Concerns 填海地點 面積、地點及水深 主要發展/關注事項D4 Shuen Wan  Small  Accessible to existing road network 船灣  小  接近現有道路網絡  Bounded by Ting Kok Road, Tai Po  Close to existing residential developments; need to blend in with Treatment Works, Wholesale Fish local community Market and Shuen Wan Golf Centre  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區  鄰近汀角路、大埔濾水廠、魚類批發  Close to a fish culture zone at Yim Tin Tsai 巿場及船灣高爾夫球中心  毗鄰鹽田仔魚類養殖區  Typical water depth 5m  水深約5米D5 Wu Kai Sha  Medium  Accessible to existing road network 烏溪沙  中  接近現有道路網絡  Next to Wu Kai Sha Youth Village  Close to existing residential developments; need to blend in with  毗鄰烏溪沙青年新村 local community  Typical water depth 4m  鄰近住宅區;規劃設計需要融入社區  水深約4米  Close to site of archaeological interest  靠近具考古價值的地點D6 Tseung Kwan O Area 131  Medium  Close to the future Cross Bay Link and Lam Tin Tunnel將軍澳131區  中  接近未來跨灣連接路和藍田隧道  Proposed Cross Bay Link and Lam  Need to reprovision Junk Bay Dangerous Goods Anchorage in Tin Tunnel in the north the south  於北面有擬建跨灣連接路及藍田隧道  需重置南面的將軍澳危險品錨地  Typical water depth 8m  Close to existing cemetery and columbarium  水深約8米  毗鄰現有的墓地及骨灰龕D7 Shek O Quarry  Small  Synergy effect with development on this quarry site upon its 石澳石礦場  小 closure  Adjoining existing Shek O Quarry  與關閉後的石礦場發展產生協同效應  毗鄰石澳石礦場  Accessible to road network but need upgrading of roads  Typical water depth 10.5m  可接駁現有道路網絡,但需提升道路流量  水深約10.5米  Close to coastal protection area and SSSI  鄰近海岸保護區及具特殊科學價值地點 49
  • 50. Possible Reclamation Sites - Artificial Island可考慮的填海地點 -人工島方案Planning Flexibility  Remote from developed area, relatively less planning規劃彈性 constraints 遠離已發展地方,較少規劃限制  Relatively less visual impact on adjacent developments 對周邊發展地區的景觀影響較少Reclaimed Area  Large填海面積 大Environmental Protection  Avoid touching the existing shoreline環境保護 可避免觸及現有海岸線  Relatively less impact on marine ecology 對海洋生態影響較少Transport Arrangement  Transport infrastructure across the sea required交通配套 需要跨海交通接駁  High cost and engineering difficulty 造價及工程難度高
  • 51. Possible Reclamation Sites - Reclamation to Connect Islands可考慮的填海地點 -連島方案Planning Flexibility  Need to consider the impact on the existing development規劃彈性 of the islands 需要考慮對島上現有發展的影響Reclaimed Area  Size and location restricted by the connected islands填海面積 填海面積及地點被相連的島嶼限制Environmental Protection  Touching the existing shoreline環境保護 觸及現有海岸線  Impact subject to ecological value in the vicinity of the islands 影響程度取決於島嶼附近的生態價值Transport Arrangement  Transport infrastructure across the sea required交通配套 需要跨海交通接駁  Higher cost and engineering difficulty 造價及工程難度較高
  • 52. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Artificial or Disturbed Shoreline可考慮的填海地點 -於人工或曾受改動海岸綫填海Planning Flexibility  Need to blend with the adjacent local community規劃彈性 需要融入鄰近社區  Synergy with adjacent development 與鄰近發展區較易產生協同效應Reclaimed Area  Small to medium填海面積 小至中Environmental Protection  Less potential impact on coastal ecology環境保護 對沿岸生態的潛在影響較輕微Transport Arrangement  Need to upgrade the existing transport network交通配套 需要改善現有交通網絡  Lower cost and engineering difficulty 造價及工程難度較低
  • 53. Possible Reclamation Sites – Reclamation upon Natural but Not Protected Shoreline可考慮的填海地點 –於天然但非受保護海岸綫填海Planning Flexibility  Need to blend with the adjacent local community規劃彈性 需要融入鄰近社區  Synergy with adjacent development 與鄰近發展區較易產生協同效應Possible Reclaimed Area  Small to medium可造面積 小至中Environmental Protection  Touching the natural shoreline環境保護 影響天然海岸線  Potential impact on natural coastal ecology 對沿岸天然生態有潛在影響Transport Arrangement  Need to upgrade existing transport network交通配套 需要改善現有交通網絡  Lower cost and engineering difficulty 造價及工程難度較低
  • 54.  Land Demand and Supply Options 土地需求及供應方案 Land Reserve 土地儲備 Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour – A Land Supply Option 維港以外填海 - 其中一種土地供應模式 Possible Reclamation Sites 可考慮的填海地點 Guiding Principles and Initial Site Selection Criteria 指導原則及初步選址準則
  • 55. Guiding Principles and Initial Site Selection Criteria指導原則及初步選址準則 Guiding Principles Initial Site Selection Criteria 指導原則 初步選址準則 Impact on local community 對當地社區的影響 Social Harmony & Site location and accessibility Benefits 新填海區選址及交通便捷程度 社會和諧與效益 Meeting local needs 能否滿足當地居民需要 Enhanced Environmental impacts Environmental 對環境的影響 Performance Environmental benefits 提高環境效益 對環境的好處 Planning flexibility 規劃的靈活性 Economic Efficiency Engineering feasibility & Practicality 工程的可行性 經濟效率與實用性 Cost effectiveness 成本效益
  • 56. Topical Discussion on 7 Jan 2012 – 專題討論 (2012年 1月7日): Reclamation outside Victoria Harbour – a Land Supply Option 維港以外填海 – 其中一種土地供應模式 Reclamation sites – initially identify 25 possible reclamation sites 填海選址 - 初步物色了25個認為可考慮的選址 Information on possible sites – for more in-depth discussion about initial Site Selection Criteria with stakeholders at Topical Discussion (7 Jan) 可考慮選址的資料 - 在專題討論(1月7日)中與民共議,與持 份者更深入具體地討論初步選址準則 56 56
  • 57. The Questions to be Asked: 我們希望知道的:Apart from other current land supply options, do the participants agree thatreclamation outside Victoria Harbour is an acceptable option for increasing landsupply and building up a land reserve?除了其他現有的土地供應模式外,參加者是否同意在維港以外填海是一個增加土地供應及建立土地儲備的可接受方案?Out of 8 initial Site Selection Criteria (SSC) for reclamation, which two to three theparticipants would consider more important than others?就於維港以外填海的8個初步選址準則,參加者會覺得哪2至3個比較重要?After identifying a few SSC which participants consider more important than theothers, how will participants apply these SSC to name one or a few possiblereclamation sites under each category that they consider most feasible?按照參加者認為比較重要的選址準則,在每一個類別中,參加者會如何應用這些準則選出數個最具可行性的填海地點。 5757
  • 58. Conclusions: 總結: Views collected – to review and refine the list of possible reclamation sites, finalize the Site Selection Criteria & shortlist potential sites for discussion at Stage 2 PE 收集意見 - 用以檢視及調整初步認為可考慮的選址清單、 訂定選址準則及物色可行的選址在第二階段公眾參與時 討論 In mid 2012, we aim to identify 10 reclamation sites for detailed feasibility study and further public consultation 我們期望於2012年年中,提出約10個填海選址,以進行 詳細可行性研究及作進一步公眾諮詢 58 58
  • 59. Thank You 謝謝59