There are 7 main different types of Documentaries These include-• Docusoaps• Reality TV• Fly on the wall• Mixed• Self Reflective• Docudrama• Fully Narrated
Docusoaps were started in the 1990’s and became hugely popular straight away with millions of viewers. A docusoap was a long running documentary series, which meant that each show was almost like an episodes as if it were an actual drama series.Docusoaps are of the observational genre, which means that they have a central protagonist and will follow a particular character in detail. This mean the audience is getting to know the character/ group of people.
As a hybrid, this means that a docusopa is almost like a mixed drama.Some example of Docusoaps are-• The Family• Big Fat Gypsy Wedding• Driving School• Airport• One Born Every Minute
Reality TV emerged in 1989-1999 and becamemore used to being described as new factualTV. It is sometimes known as ‘infotainment’ asit is a mixture of entertainment andinformation all in one.Reality TV is a mix of authentic material withserious information with commercial content.When we watch Reality TV there is an elementof observation and commentaries through theuse of camerawork.
Examples of Reality TV genres are-• News• Police, camera, action• 999Nowadays we have casted reality TV into programmes such as-• Big Brother• Shipwrecked
FLY ON THE WALL
The camera is hidden or unseen. The camera records the events which unfold, and the audience act like the fly on the wall.Examples of this are-• Big Brother• The Family• Educating Essex
A mixed documentary has a combination ofinterviews, observation, actualfootage, archive material andnarration, pulling everything together, itadvances both sides of the argument.
The camera is following someone, and they know they are being followed so sometimes purposely talk to the cameraFor example-• The secret millionaire
A Docudrama has reconstruction and re- enactments. They show the events that happened at the time in a Docudrama.For example-• Who Bombed Birmingham• CrimeWatch
This means that a documentary has narrative all the way through. A voice over is used to display the exposition and to make sense of what the audience can see. The voice over dominates the experience.Examples of this are-• Wildlife Documentaries• Human Planet
DIFFERENCES BETWEENDOCUMENTARIES AND CURRENT AFFAIRS
Current affairs are things which take place thataffect society. Journalists normally leadcurrent affairs Documentaries. The aim ofcurrent affairs documentaries is to address thenews and political genders in more depth thannews bulletins do. They explore issues andimportant social developments.
Current Affairs come across as a journalistic report but might be arguing a case, trying to prove something wrong. Reports in a current affairs documentary frequently appear in vision, but there may be a voiceover.For example-• The World in Action• Tonight with Trevor McDonald
Current Affairs are midway between documentaries and news.For example-• Newsnight• Dispatches
DIFFERNECES• Documentaries may take more time to produce• Current affairs need to get stories together more quickly