Codes and conventions


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Codes and conventions

  1. 1. Codes and Conventions Short Documentary
  2. 2. News Reader• A News Reader is a client application, which can be spelled as one. The News Reader allows you to read messages posted to Internet newsgroups , and to post your own messages.• News Readers come in different forms, some in Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator and others in freeware, shareware and commercial stand-alone news readers
  3. 3. Field Reporter• To provide extra coverage to your news programme you will need a field reporter, these reporters are side line reporter and are on the scene. For instance, field reporters are beneficial in situation where two groups compete rather than having one reporter go from scene to scene , you can have two.
  4. 4. Links To StudioWhen a on-air live news show links or joins withanother studio. This is used in many differentshows, both UDS and UK, but its most commonlyused in mainstream shows for example BBC andChannel 4.
  5. 5. Mode Of Address• Mode of address is a way the reporter will report and bring the news to the viewer. There are many different ways this is done, for instance such well known new programmes as BBC news , ITV news and Channel 4 news are very formal in the deliverance and structure of their programmes whereas other programmes for instance E! news and MTV news are more casual and informal.
  6. 6. Interviewees• Interviewees are those spectators and other public members used to get views and express opinions on the documentary subject matter.
  7. 7. Experts and Witnesses• An expert spectator or witnesses are people who are documented by a court as an expert witness on a topic. Someone that posses advanced knowledge outside a case or story than an average person. To an expert witness, you must generally present his or her experiences on oath so that the judge and jury understand what sets the witness part from other witnesses.
  8. 8. Report Structure• Report Structure is the structure of which the news is reported and delivered to the audience or viewers. An example of this is could is, they first open the show by highlighting everything they will cover, then they will report the most important story first (which is usually the most shocking)
  9. 9. Actuality Footage• Actuality footage is the live or pre-recorded film used show samples of topic matter. A decent and resent example of actuality footage is the footage that was aired of the London riots.
  10. 10. Documentary Formats• Expository –• ‘Nanook Of The North’ is a great example of expository. This is when the documentaries express directly to the viewer and often in an authoritative explanation employing voiceover or titles form, proposing a strong argument and point of view. This is the most exciting mode of documentary for the audience as it provokes a lot of information.• Observational–• Observational documentaries are the ones that emphasis on one element the whole time, using just one camera, with the filmmaker creating extremely small interference like in the documentary• Interactive–• This format of documentary allows the audience or viewers to be involved with the result of the documentary• Reflexive–• These kinds of documentaries are the types that reflect on real life. A sample of this is ‘Life’ by ‘Charles Darwin’• Per Formative–
  11. 11. Realism• Realism in documentary contains all the different basics that make it realistic, this includes features such as actuality film (which actual film taken from a scene or event of the subject matter is footage), interviews with witnesses and people close personal information on the subject, documented and recorded phone discussions and photos.
  12. 12. Dramatization• Dramatization in documentary is the reconstruction of an occasion, novel, story in a form suitable for dramatic presentation. So in some documentaries they might dramatize an event to make it more interesting or entertaining to the viewers. Though the story is correct, the producer will have spiced it up to make it watch able and interesting.
  13. 13. Narrativisation• Narrativisation is the division in documentary or news, between fact and fiction On the one hand, there are the serious (or more formal) genres of reality- oriented documentaries and current affairs on the news, and on the other hand, entertainment genres (or more informal documentaries) oriented to light-hearted escape into fantasy stories.