Many Europe country were in divided, suffered from debt, poverty, limited resources, a largely agricultural economy and poor transportation infrastructure
Desire to own property
from Europe, especially Southern Italy
lead to the great divide
lost in translation (immigration & health issues)
The effect of 1800s from the 1 st and 2 nd Industrial Revolution
From steam technology into metallurgy
Opportunities in American in Industry & Natural Resources & City Instrastructure
THE HOBOKEN & LITTLE ITALY
The Italian Community in America
is a city whose name appears to have originated from Europe
birth place of Frank Sinatra
The Italian Community
Population at 1920 was only 68, 166 and in 1930 59, 261 and it drops
due organized crimes, the rise of Sicilia Mafia, such as Al Capone.
Italian Immigrants in America
A STAR IS BORN
Biography of Francis Albert Sinatra
Frank Albert Sinatra
Born on December 12, 1915,
At 415 Monroe Street, Hoboken, New Jersey.
He was the only child of a Sicilian boxer and fireman, Anthony Martin Sinatra (1894 - 1969), and a Genoan midwife,
Democratic party ward boss, and abortionist, Natalie "Dolly" Sinatra née Garaventa (1896 - 1977).
His parents had immigrated to the United States in 1895 and 1897, respectively.
Entertainer Frank Sinatra (3L) saying goodbye to his parents Natalie "Dolly" Sinatra (2L) and Martin Sinatra (4L). Location: US Date taken: 1965 Photographer: John Dominis Size: 1280 x 850 pixels(17.8 x 11.8 inches)
Grandfather – Francesco Sinatra
Father: Antonino Anthony Martin or Marty
Marty drop out of school by age 10
Could not speak English well
Work as a baker then a shoemaker but could not hold a steady job over the years
Met Dolly (Mother) in 1912
Defied family opposition & Dolly ran away with Marty to New Jersey.
Got married at City Hall on Valentine’s Day 1913
Titanic sunk by ice berg
Henry Ford establish automobiles assembly line
Einstein refined theory of relativity
He left high school, did not graduate, having attended only 47 days before being expelled due to his rowdy conduct.
He worked for some time as a delivery boy at the Jersey Observer newspaper, and as a riveter at the Tietjan and Lang shipyard.
Only in the early 1930s that Sinatra began singing in public.
The Great Depression
Dolly, was influential in the neighbourhood and in local Democratic Party circles,
She ran an illegal abortion business from her home;
She was arrested several times and convicted twice for this offense.
During the tough years of the 1930s, when the Great Depression hit North America very hard, Dolly nevertheless provided ready pocket money to her son Frank, the family's only child, for outings with friends and fancy clothes.
Father is a fireman with Hoboken Fire Department
Schooling or Singing
In 1931, went to A J Demarest High School.
Spending much time impersonating singers as he heard on the radio and talking.
Keep the day job, due to depression
1 st Teenage love with Nancy Rose Barbote, 17 and he was 18 at long Branch.
Keep singing to her.
Begin to explore to Gig at the social club like the Cat’s Meow and the Continent Bar, 1935.
First song, was Blue Moon then Sweet and Lovely.
Growing up in Hoboken
Childhood is mess of contradiction
Spent less time with his parents than he did with his grandmother & aunts
He was a soft kind boy.
Dress for success
Attended David E. Rue Junior High School in 1928.
Nancy Barbato (Feb. 1939-Oct. 1951) - Mother of Nancy, Frank Jr., and Tina, and not-mother of a third child she aborted amid [true] rumors of his affairs
Ava Gardner (Nov. 1951-1957) - Caused breakup with 1st wife Nancy, and then had an abortion of her own in the wake of more [true] rumors of affairs. They separated in 1953, but stayed married for a while
Mia Farrow (July 1966-1968) - She was 21, he was 50. (Later, she raised a daughter that did the same gross thing.) She agreed to appear in his 1968 film, The Detective, but when she reneged as her filming schedule for Rosemary's Baby overran, Sinatra served her divorce papers in front of the cast and crew. Dick!
Barbara Blakely Marx (1976-1998) - Zeppo Marx's ex-wife, BTW, and a total B. She didn't even call his kids when he was dying, so they missed it.
His Girlfriends & Skanks
Lana Turner (1946)
Marilyn Maxwell (1946)
Judy Garland (1949 and 1955)
Lauren Bacall (1957, just after Bogey died)
Juliet Prowse (1962)
Angie Dickinson (1954-1964)
Marilyn Monroe (1961-1962, when she died)
Start of career
He got his first break in 1935 when his mother persuaded a local singing group, The Three Flashes.
With the addition of Frank Sinatra were renamed the Hoboken Four.
After appearing on Major Bowes Amateur Hour, they attracted 40,000 votes and won the first prize — a six month contract to perform on stage and radio across the United States.
Sinatra left the Hoboken 4 and returned home in late 1935.
His mother secured him a job as a singing waiter and MC at the Rustic Cabin in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, for which he was paid $15 a week
First Demo & Harry James
On March 18, 1939, Sinatra made a demo recording of a song called "Our Love", with the Frank Mane band at the Harry Smith’s Recording in Manhattan
In June, Harry James hired Sinatra on a one year contract of $75 a week.
It was with the James band that Sinatra released his first commercial record "From the Bottom of My Heart" in July, 1939 - US Brunswick and UK Columbia.
And he become famous.
“ I’m going to be the best singer in the World”, …”the best singer that ever was.”
Frank Sinatra – a year after the making of the first record
When Harry Met Frankie
Harry Haag James (March 15, 1916 – July 5, 1983) was an American musician and bandleader.
James was an instrumentalist of the swing era, employing a bravura playing style that made his trumpet work identifiable.
Frank released ten commercial tracks with James through 1939, including "All or Nothing At All" which had weak sales on its initial release but then sold millions of copies when re-released by Columbia at the height of Frank Sinatra's popularity a few years later.
The Gentleman of Swing
In November 1939, in a meeting at the Palmer House in Chicago, IL, Frank was asked by bandleader, Tommy Dorsey .
To join his band as a replacement for Jack Leonard who had recently left to launch a solo career.
He would achieve incredible visibility with the American public.
Sinatra remained indebted to James throughout his life and upon hearing of James' death in 1983, stated: "he [James] is the one that made it all possible“
First public appearance with the Dorsey band at the Coronado Theatre in Rockford, IL.
With the Dorsey’s Band
He released more than forty songs, with "I'll Never Smile Again" topping the charts for twelve weeks in mid-July.
Frank's relationship with Tommy Dorsey was tenuous.
In January 1942, Frank recorded his first solo sessions without the Dorsey band
Frank left the Dorsey band late in 1942 in an incident that started rumours of Sinatra's mob involvement.
World War 2
Summer 1943, applied to join the coast guard
Was declared 4-F “rejected for service for physical, mental or moral reasons”
Doctors had also written that he was a "neurotic" and "not acceptable material from a psychiatric standpoint"
World War 2
"I think Frank Sinatra was the most hated man of World War II, much more than Hitler“.
Because Sinatra was back home making all of that money and being shown in photographs surrounded by beautiful women
Sinatra being interviewed for American Forces Network during World War II.
After the wars
Sinatra returned to the concert stage on January 12, 1950, in Hartford, Connecticut.
Sinatra's voice suffered and he experienced hemorrhaging of his vocal cords on stage at the Copacabana on April 26, 1950
Married Ava Gardner
They had an extremely tempestuous relationship, and the ascent of Gardner's career seemed to coincide with the decline in Sinatra's.
While George Evans is generally credited with naming Frank “The Voice”, others have said that it was Harry Kilby, Frank’s agent.
Harry who had added the stripline, “The Voice That Has Thrilled Millions” to the Paramount billing.
The Sinatra Effect – Work of the Public Relations.
In record stores they would now call it easy listening. But to those in the know, it just swings, baby!
Also, he was known for his phrasing, enunciation, timing, Ava Gardner, The Rat Pack, confronting racism, helping out Kennedy, working with great bandleaders, a huge temper, a big heart, his mafia ties, and his big blue eyes.
Nicknames: Farnkie baby, Bones, 'Ol Blue Eyes, and The Chairman of the Board.
Swing, Lounge, Jazz, Broadway, Christmas
Dean Martin once said, "It's Frank's world, we're all just livin' in it."
Tips on Popular Singing
“ Never be careless when learning new songs. If a certain phrase doesn’t sound as it should to you, go over it and again until you are perfectly satisfied”
The jukebox was pivotal in the careers of so many performers from the 1940s and later.
The Music Biz
The First Tape Recorder
The first practical tape recorder was called K1 and demonstrated in Germany in 1935.
Development of magnetic tape recorders in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
The Birth of the LP
Long-playing (LP) record albums are 33⅓ rpm vinyl gramophone records (phonograph records), generally either 10 or 12 inches in diameter.
They were first introduced in 1948, and served as a primary release format for recorded music until the compact disc began to significantly displace them by 1988.
In 1950, there were 10.5 million sets in the US.
By 1957, there were more than 47 million.
Television was a catalyst for change, radically influencing how people both heard and saw music.
The Frank Sinatra Show, Axel Stordahl conducted the orchestra and ‘s featured lead singer the Pied Pipers
THE HAVANA MOON
Charges: Seduction and adultery
In 1938, a 23-year-old Frank Sinatra was arrested in Bergen County, N.J. on charges of seduction and adultery. According to the FBI reports, “
On the second and ninth days of November 1938 at the Borough of Lodi" and "under the promise of marriage" Sinatra "did then and there have sexual intercourse with the said complainant, who was then and there a single female of good repute." This, the charge stated, was "contrary and in violation of the revised statute of 1937."
The charges were later dismissed when it was determined that the woman involved was married." (Source: crime.about.com )
THE POLITICAL LIFE
The High Life
1944 -actively campaigning for Fraklin Delanor Roosevelt (FDR) risking his high flying career October 31, 1944 made political debut by appearing at a rally @Madison Square Garden "I'm more interested in good government than in my own future." About FDR "He is good for my me and my kids and my country."
1944 - recorded commentary on racial politics He wrote a series of essays on ethnic understanding and racial tolerance 1966 - promoted a series of concerts to raise money for voter registration drives to implement the Voter Rights Act of 1965.
Democrat to Republican
In the 70's - switched to conservatives Republican politics He was criticised as someone who "followed impulses" and "never a consistent thinker". "courted by Nixon, seduced by Reagan, the kid from Brooklyn by way of Hoboken climbed luxury's ladder to embrace fat cat politicos and conservatives leaders as his boon companions." (Joseph Dorinson, )
Singles, Original LPs, Box Sets & Collections & Tribute Album
1.1 With the Harry James Orchestra (Columbia) (1939)
1.2 With the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (RCA Victor) (1940-1942)
1.3 First solo singles (Bluebird Records) (1942)
1.4 Columbia singles (1943-1952)
1.5 Capitol singles (1953-1962)
1.6 Reprise singles (1961-1983)
1.7 Qwest singles (1984)
2 Original LPs
2.1 Columbia albums
2.2 Capitol albums
2.3 Reprise albums
2.4 Qwest albums
2.5 The last Capitol albums
2.6 Post-career albums with new material
2.7 Albums conducted by Sinatra
2.8 Rat Pack live concert albums
3 Box sets and collections
3.1 RCA Records
3.2 Columbia Records
3.3 Capitol Records
3.4 Reprise Records
3.5 Rhino Records
4 Tribute albums to Sinatra
Singles (With the Harry James Orchestra (Columbia) (1939)
"From the Bottom of My Heart" / "Melancholy Mood" (Brunswick Records)
"It's Funny to Everyone but Me" (21) (by Jack Lawrence) / "Vol Visto Gailey Star" (by Jack Palmer)
"Here Comes the Night" / "Feet Draggin' Blues" (instrumental)
"My Buddy" / "Willow Weep For Me" (instrumental)
"On a Little Street in Singapore" (27) / "Who Told You I Cared?"
"Every Day of My Life" (17) / "Cross Country Jump" (instrumental)
"All or Nothing at All" (1) / "Flash" (instrumental) (re-issued 1943)
Did Frank Sinatra play a instrument?
Nope. He only sang.
In several films he appears to be playing the piano, but they never show his fingers hitting the keys.
The Music, The Script, The Rolls
First appearance in 1941.
Last appearance in 1980.
Displayed extraordinary dramatic talent.
Critics vs Box Office Success
Filmography- Early Years
His debut in films was almost accidental.
He was with Tommy Dorsey Orchestra as a band singer.
1941 - Las Vegas Nights- sang I’ ll Never Smile Again.
1942 - Ship Ahoy- Appears again as a band singer & sings 2 songs.
1943 - Reveille with Beverly – sang Cole Porter’s Night & Day.
1944 - Higher and Higher – acting role
1945 - Step Lively- Displayed his singing skills
1945- Anchors Aweigh
1946 - Sinatra signed a five-year film contract with M-G-M .
Filmography- Rising Star
Higher and Higher –he played a different role .
Continued with another movie to display his vocal talent.
Turning point came in 1945.
Anchors Aweigh- MGM musical.
Able to showcase his talents- singing & dancing.
The success guaranteed him $1.5 million over 7 years.
Appeared in more films.
Critics started to notice his acting talent.
Filmography- Turbulence Years
Flops vs Hits.
On the Town is Sinatra’s best musical.
Though the movie was a box office success it did little to assist Sinatra flagging career.
He recording contract was not renewed.
Television show was dropped.
Divorce with Nancy Sinatra was finalised.
Married Ava Gardner in Nov 1951 .
Filmography –Twist and Rise
Turning Point: From Here to Eternity.
Won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
Back in limelight.
Another hit: Four Daughters.
Another Oscar nomination in 1955 : The Man with the Golden Arm
Established him as a serious screen actor.
1954 –1959 – 16 Films
Continued to act in musical movies.
Nominated for BAFTA Award for Best Actor for the movie Not as a Stranger
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor- Pal Joey
Golden Globe Award Nominee for the movie Come Blow Your Horn
Worked with several directors .
1960 – 1980
Continued to act , produce and direct.
Explored various genres.
The Manchurian Candidate - critics called it as one of his best films.
1965 - Produced and directed None but the Brave.
1967 –The Naked Runner
1968 – The Detective
1970 - Announced Dirty Dingus Magee his last
1977 - Television film Contract on Cherry Street.
1980 - The First Deadly Sin
1984 - Cannonball Run II
Sinatra produced six films and directed one.
He has appeared in several Television series and documents.
His screen persona exerted considerable influence on other actors.
He was a “natural” performer who hatred rehearsals and retakes.
He created a significant number of diverse roles over a 40-year career.
In several of the films, he played opposite a strong female character who had to teach him about love .
Moved on with dramatic roles.
Filmography – Other Awards
Golden Apple Award:
Least Cooperative Actor - ( 1946, 1951 and 1974)
Screen Actors Guild:
1972: Life Achievement Award
Palm Springs International Film Festival :
1992- Life Time Achievement Award.
Sinatra has three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame :
For his contribution to Motion pictures at 1600 Vine Street
For his contribution to Recording at 1637 Vine Street
For his contribution to Television at 6538 Hollywood Blvd.
The U.S. Postal Service issued a 42-cent postage stamp in honor of Sinatra on May 13, 2008. The design of the stamp was unveiled Wednesday, December 12, 2007 — on the 92nd birthday of the entertainer — in Beverly Hills, CA,
The design shows an 1950s-vintage image of Sinatra, wearing a hat. The design also includes his signature, with his last name alone. The Hoboken Post Office was renamed in his honor in 2002.
The Frank Sinatra School of the Arts in Long Island City and the Frank Sinatra Park in Hoboken were named in his honor.
The U.S. Congress passed a resolution on May 20, 2008 designating May 13 as Frank Sinatra Day to honor his contribution to American culture. The resolution was introduced by U.S. House representative Mary Bono Mack.
To commemorate the anniversary of Sinatra's death, Patsy's Restaurant in New York City, which Sinatra was very fond of and a regular at, exhibited in May 2009 15 never before released photos of Sinatra that were taken by Bobby Bank.
The photos are of his recording "Everybody Ought to Be in Love" at a recording studio that was nearby.
Frank Sinatra Work can be found under:
English q782.42164092 PIG -[ART]
English 782.42163092 JEW
English 782.42164092 FRA -[ART]
African American Music
Alexander Street Press (Music Online)
Classical Music Library
Contemporary World Music
Smithsonian Global Sound
American Song is a history collection that relates to different aspects of American life that users can listen over the Internet. The database holds a repository of 50,000 songs ranging from well-known classics like Yankee Doodle and The Star Spangled Banner to songs with diverse topics as hymn, college song, anti-war protest, etc.
“ My toast is simply that I wish everyone thousands of times more than I have gotten in my life. I’ve been a man overly rewarded in my lifetime, and that’s a fact. I appreciate what’s happened to me and I wish everyone in the world a lot of sweet things, pleasant dreams, hugging, kissing and peace in our time. And may the last voice you hear be mine!”
Juffri Supa’at | Subramaniam S/O Kannappan | Nurhazman Abdul Aziz (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998)