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2008-12-21 Rubinius
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2008-12-21 Rubinius

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Transcript

  • 1. Rubinius
  • 2. Rubini us
  • 3. Rubini.us
  • 4. rubini.us
  • 5. http://rubini.us
  • 6. Rubinius http://godfat.org/slide/2008-12-21-rubinius.pdf
  • 7. History and Design Goals Architecture and Object Model
  • 8. History and Design Goals Architecture and Object Model
  • 9. Evan Phoenix
  • 10. February of 2006
  • 11. RubySpec
  • 12. MSpec
  • 13. Engine Yard
  • 14. C VM Shotgun
  • 15. C VM Shotgun
  • 16. C++ VM
  • 17. CxxTest
  • 18. LLVM
  • 19. History and Design Goals Architecture and Object Model
  • 20. Reliable, Rock Solid Code
  • 21. Reliable, Rock Solid Code Full Test Coverage
  • 22. Clean, Readable Code
  • 23. Clean, Readable Code Little Lines in Each File
  • 24. Clean, Readable Code Macro, Code Generator, Rake Task
  • 25. Clean, Readable Code CMake
  • 26. Clean, Readable Code CMake
  • 27. Clean, Readable Code C++ Object to Ruby Object 1 to 1 Mapping
  • 28. Modern Techniques
  • 29. Modern Techniques Pluggable Garbage Collectors
  • 30. Modern Techniques Pluggable Garbage Collectors • Stop-and-Copy
  • 31. Modern Techniques Pluggable Garbage Collectors • Stop-and-Copy • Mark-and-Sweep
  • 32. Modern Techniques Optimizers
  • 33. Modern Techniques Git, Rake, LLVM
  • 34. Squeak the Smalltalk-80 Implementation
  • 35. Squeak Slang
  • 36. Squeak • Alan Kay • Dan Ingalls • Adele Goldberg
  • 37. Smalltalk Xerox PARC
  • 38. Smalltalk Object-Oriented (differ from Simula and C++)
  • 39. Smalltalk GUI
  • 40. Smalltalk MVC
  • 41. History and Design Goals Architecture and Object Model
  • 42. Real Machine
  • 43. C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 44. kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 45. kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 46. kernel/common kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 47. kernel/delta kernel/common kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 48. kernel/delta Ruby kernel/common Runtime (kernel) kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 49. lib/compiler kernel/delta Ruby kernel/common Runtime (kernel) kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 50. lib/compiler lib/* kernel/delta Ruby kernel/common Runtime (kernel) kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 51. Your App lib/compiler lib/* Your App kernel/delta Ruby kernel/common Runtime (kernel) kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 52. Your App lib/compiler lib/* Your App kernel/delta Ruby kernel/common Runtime (kernel) kernel/platform kernel/bootstrap C++ Virtual Machine Low Level Virtual Machine Real Machine
  • 53. Outside the Ruby World
  • 54. Outside the Ruby World C++ Primitives
  • 55. Outside the Ruby World Foreign Function Interface - FFI
  • 56. Outside the Ruby World Subtend
  • 57. History and Design Goals Architecture and Object Model
  • 58. Hello World!
  • 59. def method_missing m; puts m; end def Object.const_missing c; print "#{c}, "; end Hello.World!
  • 60. puts ‘Hello, World!’
  • 61. puts ‘Hello, World!’ self.send :puts, ‘Hello, World!’
  • 62. (TOPLEVEL_BINDING.context.receiver || TOPLEVEL MethodContext.current.receiver ) puts ‘Hello, World!’ self.send :puts, ‘Hello, World!’
  • 63. (TOPLEVEL_BINDING.context.receiver || TOPLEVEL MethodContext.current.receiver ) def __script__ puts ‘Hello, World!’ self.send :puts, ‘Hello, World!’ end
  • 64. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ puts ‘Hello, World!’ end
  • 65. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ puts ‘Hello, World!’ #<SendSite:0x26 name=puts hits=0 misses=0> end
  • 66. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ print ‘World!‘ end
  • 67. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=0 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ #<SendSite:0x28 name=print hits=0 misses=0> end
  • 68. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ print ‘World!‘ end
  • 69. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=0 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ end
  • 70. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=0 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ #<SendSite:0x28 name=print hits=0 misses=0> end
  • 71. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ print ‘World!‘ end
  • 72. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=1 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ end
  • 73. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=1 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ #<SendSite:0x28 name=print hits=1 misses=0> end
  • 74. class C def print end end
  • 75. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ print ‘World!‘ end
  • 76. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=0 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ end
  • 77. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=0 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ #<SendSite:0x28 name=print hits=0 misses=0> end
  • 78. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ print ‘World!‘ end
  • 79. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=1 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ end
  • 80. CompiledMethod (method(:__script__).compiled_method) def __script__ print ‘Hello,‘ #<SendSite:0x26 name=print hits=1 misses=0> print ‘World!‘ #<SendSite:0x28 name=print hits=1 misses=0> end
  • 81. • CompiledMethod • SendSite • MethodContext • MethodTable • StaticScope • LookupTable
  • 82. Method Dispatch
  • 83. D C Obj
  • 84. D C Obj Meta D
  • 85. D C Obj Meta Meta D C
  • 86. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta D C Obj
  • 87. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta D C Obj
  • 88. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta D C Obj
  • 89. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class D C Obj
  • 90. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj
  • 91. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj
  • 92. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj
  • 93. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM D
  • 94. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM D C
  • 95. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM D C Obj
  • 96. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta D C Obj Class
  • 97. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta D C Obj Class
  • 98. Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta D C Obj Class
  • 99. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta D C Obj Class
  • 100. Obj Meta Class Mod Obj MM Meta Obj Class
  • 101. Obj Meta Class Mod Obj MM Meta Obj Class Meta MC
  • 102. Obj Meta Class Mod Obj MM Meta Meta Obj Class Class Meta MC
  • 103. Obj Meta Class Mod Obj MM Meta Meta Meta Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 104. Obj Meta Class Mod Obj MM Meta Meta Meta Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 105. Class Mod Meta Meta Meta Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 106. Meta Class Class Mod Meta Meta Class Mod Meta MC
  • 107. Meta Class Class Mod Meta Meta Class Mod Meta MC
  • 108. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Class Mod Meta MC
  • 109. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Class Mod Meta MC
  • 110. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Class Mod Meta MC
  • 111. Meta Class Mod Class Meta MC Meta Meta Class Mod
  • 112. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta MC Class Meta Mod
  • 113. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Meta MC Class Mod
  • 114. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Meta MC Class Mod
  • 115. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Meta MC Class Mod
  • 116. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Meta MC Class Mod
  • 117. Meta Class Mod Class Meta Meta Meta MC Class Mod
  • 118. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta Meta Meta D C Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 119. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta Meta Meta D C Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 120. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta Meta Meta D C Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 121. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta Meta Meta D C Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 122. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta Meta Meta D C Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 123. D C Obj Meta Meta Meta Class Mod D C Obj MM MM MM Meta Meta Meta D C Obj Class Class Mod Meta MC
  • 124. • BlockEnvironment • Rubinius::Task • InstructionSequence • Channel • Compiler • Actor • Breakpoint • Rubinius::VM
  • 125. Reference: Rubinius • http://rubini.us/ • http://github.com/evanphx/rubinius/ • http://rubinius.lighthouseapp.com/ • http://groups.google.com/group/rubinius-dev/
  • 126. Reference: Articles • http://blog.fallingsnow.net/category/rubinius/ • http://betterruby.wordpress.com/ • http://www.infoq.com/news/2007/07/rubinius-interview-part-one • http://blog.nicksieger.com/articles/2006/10/20/rubyconf-sydney-and-rubinius • http://www.klankboomklang.com/2007/10/05/the-metaclass/ • http://www.hawthorne-press.com/WebPage_RHG.html
  • 127. Reference: Others • http://rubyspec.org/ • http://llvm.org/ • http://users.ipa.net/~dwighth/squeak/oopsla_squeak.html
  • 128. Reference: Wikipedia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Kay • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubinius • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PARC_(company) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squeak • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bootstrapping_(compilers) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smalltalk • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-hosting • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simula • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PyPy • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model-view-controller
  • 129. git clone git://github.com/evanphx/rubinius.git cd rubinius; rake build
  • 130. ?