Mothering

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Mothering

  1. 1. HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL
  2. 2. MOTHERING  Mothering parenting  Keibuan
  3. 3. Konsep Ibu 1. Wanita mengandung dan melahirkan anak (terkait dengan keberadaan bapak) 2. Status wanita di masyarakat (secara sosiologis) 3. Wanita berinteraksi dengan anak (dari sudut anak) 1 + 3 = keibuan = interaksi psikologis dalam bentuk : memelihara mendidik anak
  4. 4. Hubungan Ibu- anak menarik ?  Menjelaskan pengembangan kepribadian Ilmuan  Anak tidak : sakit menyimpang Praktisi  Siapa diri & cara mendidik Orangtua Aneka pandangan Anak Komponen : - Badaniah - Kepribadian
  5. 5. Identitas Diri Ibu  Persepsi dan konsep diri yang terbentuk berdasarkan pengalaman bersama  Harapan lingkungan sosial
  6. 6. Lanjutan ....  Tugas keibuan = Paduan Faktor individu Sosial Perwujudan keibuan  Bervariasi individual  Pola kompleks (2 individu) - Guru - Pembujuk - Pembimbing - Pelindung
  7. 7. Pendekatan Keibuan  Pemelihara fisik : asi/ makan tak berhubungan kelekatan  Keibuan = seperangkat sikap - menerima/ menolak - molding + ciri anak  Stimulasi : sensitif signal anak Waktu! berespons tepat  Dialog : Komunikasi : - verbal - non verbal
  8. 8. The High Risk Mother Deprived Mentally Rigidly ill Authoritarian Child Rejecting babies (can’t be comforted by any one)
  9. 9. Lanjutan......  C0uple Difficulties lies between partners :  Parental immature & patho. Character of the child  Sickly infant & anxious mother Ambitious parent & retarded child  Fearful & sensitive son & emotionally tough & unfeel father Perlu terapi
  10. 10. Teknik Interaktif Ibu Continuum : Passivity Activity 1.Phasing Tech : Infant leaading & Mother following when how 1.Adaptive Tech : How are mother’s interact terhadap orang dewasa : gerakan, facial exppress, speech
  11. 11. Lanjutan.... 3. Facilitative Tech : instruction to incourage the child’s activity “designer and consultant : Suggesting “ to do” Helping “difficulty” Suppllying materials Participat in activity
  12. 12. Lanjutan ..... 4. Elaborative Tech : Lets her child in first place elaborate 5. Initiating Tech : Inisiatif ibu, two – way flow 6. Control Tech : Mother more assertive child to do something to stop
  13. 13. Essensi Mothering  Essensi mothering = love Research ? Love = emotional involvement with another person - Feelings centered on its object Tenderness Possessiveness Sacrifice hostility/ aggression
  14. 14. Lanjutan ... Hightening all emotions + - - Preoccupation with its object a wish to possess jealously - Hightened sensivity to its object casiar to sense its moods, feeling, need, wishes.
  15. 15. Lanjutan .... Maternal sensitivity Sensitivity – insensitivity Percceived the child’s signal / not Misinterpret / distorting
  16. 16. Conditions Affecting Mothering 1. Personality factors : Mental Illness Schiz Ego centric deppr. 2. Environtmental cond. : Proverty, unemphyment, poor housing 3. Hormonal influences : Parturition hormonal changes Mother must be with her off spring mothering at rophies
  17. 17. Lanjutan .... 4. Childhood Deprivation : Experienced not being loved 5. Knowledge & ignorance : don’t understand how to play, talk, communications with their children.
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