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Maria Montessori


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Presentation on the introduction of the Philosophy and theory behind Maria Montessori.

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Maria Montessori

  1. 1. Maria Montessori Physician and Educator
  2. 2. About: Born in Chiaravalle, Italy in 1870 Worked with Mentally Retarded children Influenced by: Jean Itard, Edourd Seguin, Jean-Jacques Rousseau Graduated in 1896 (first female physician in Italy) 1907- The first Childrens House Method Born Spread through Lecture and teacher courses
  3. 3. Prevalence/ Influence: 50,000 Private schools 200 Public Schools
  4. 4. Her Influence Child-centered Froebel Deep meaning comes from Childish play English
  5. 5. Natural learning desire How it fits in big picture Naturally engaged Why? One on one or groups Self-paced Divergent thinking Montessori: Conventional: Hands on Kids have More of a flame A+, parties Worried about grades No Punishments incentives incentives Children do not Need to be forced to learn Trips to Standardization innovation No homework Prior to kindergarten- they touch everything Mixed ages(3-6 years, 6-9, so on) No-tests Moves around Stands at front Convergent thinking
  6. 6. Freedom within limits Meticulous Observing Strong sense of community Multi-age rooms “Children learn by doing”
  7. 7. students engaged in writing and rhythm exercises, playing with building blocks or setting tables for lunch Movement:
  8. 8. Environment: Inquiring, cooperative, nurturing environment Problem solvers Fostering competent, responsible, adaptive citizens
  9. 9. Motor education Practical Life Didactic materials To prepare. Use of instructional materials into early childhood curriculum to support children as they become in their self-directed activities Senses Children should be active participants in learning and it is the role of the teacher to be passive but available to help guide and protect young students in their learning process. (Standing, 1957)
  10. 10. Care for Environment
  11. 11. MATERIALS: Known-materials Sound cylinders Numerical Rods Sandpaper letters/numberals Stacking materials Geometry templets (Self-correcting)
  12. 12. Read/Write
  13. 13. Multi-age: aggressive vibe? Criticism Rejection of parental involvement Resources scarcity: developmentally appropriate? Exploring people outside clique Systematic use of materials: Creativity curbed? Students gardening at a Berlin Montessori school, 1930. (Wikimedia Commons)
  14. 14. References: Standing, E.M., (1957) Maria Montessori: her life and work. New York: the New American Library, Inc. -long